Meo and Khanzada Population According to 1901 Census of Punjab, Rajputana and the United Provinces

This is seventh post looking at the distribution of communities, namely the Khanzada and Meo, that were gazetted as agriculturalist in census of 1901 in the Punjab province. In this post, I will also look at the distribution of both communities in Rajputana and the United Provinces as well. Both groups were entirely Muslim. The Meo and Khanzada were concentrated in the Mewat region, in what is now south east Haryana and north east Rajasthan and claimed a Rajput status. Both groups claimed a similar origin from the Jadaun clan of Rajputs. The Meo and Khanzada were also found in Alwar and Bharatpur states in what was then the Rajputana Agency. In UP, the Meo were found largely in two regions, Rohilkhand, and the Doab region of western UP. Most of the Meo in UP were called themselves Mewati. The total Meo population in 1901 was 374,923, of which 147,198 (39%) were found in Punjab, 168,596 (45%) were found Rajputana (modern Rajasthan) and the remainder 59,129 (16%) were found in UP. I would also ask the leader to look at my post on the Khanzadas to get some background information on the tribe.


Map of Rajputana Agency: Source Wikipedia

Meo of Punjab

Most of the Meo population was concentrated as I have said in the introduction in the Mewat region, roughly the eastern portion of Gurgaon, and southern bits of Delhi. Outside these areas in Hissar and Karnal, there were a few isolated villages of the Meo.


The Meo of Dera Ghazi Khan

The Meo of Dera Ghazi Khan had separated from the main body of the Meo through a migration in the 16th Century. Most of the Meo of this region considered themselves as Jat, and were Seraiki speaking. They had lost all contact with the main body of the Meo.


Meo Population of Punjab


District Population
Gurgaon 128,760
Firuzpur 4,378
Jalandhar 1,385
Dera Ghazi Khan 880
Karnal 813
Ambala 580
Hissar 543
Other Districts 1,591
Total Population 147,198

Meo Population of Rajputana


District Population
 Alwar State  113,154
Bharatpur State
 Kotah State  1,072
Marwar (Jodhpur State) 1,000
 Jaipur State 654
 Mewar (Udaipur State)  559
 Tonk  State  208
 Jhalawar 125
 Other States and Agencies 278
Total Population 168,596

Meo Population of the United Provinces

District Population
Bulandshahr 9,840
Bareilly 9,374
Rampur State 7,356
Aligarh 6,557
Meerut 5,184
Mathura 3,813
Pilibhit 3,262
Moradabad 2,513
Nainital 2,106
Etah 1,793
Lakhimpur Kheri 1,217
Badaun 1,081
Agra 873
Muzaffarnagar 779
Etawah 603
Shahjahanpur 534
Lucknow 418
Bijnor 365
Rae Bareli 355
Unao 253
Barabanki 220
Farrukhabad 216
Sahanranpur 210
Sultanpur 207
Total Population 59,129


Khanzada Population of Punjab

Almost all the Khanzada were found in Gurgaon, where in 1901, they owned nine villages near town of Nuh and to the north of Firozpur.

District Population
Gurgaon  3,901
Other Districts  70
Total Population  3,971

Khanzada Population of Rajputana


District Population
Alwar State  8,503
Bharatpur State 814
Jaipur State 97
Other States and Agencies 540
Total Population  9,954

Arwal, Babbar, Manjotha and Meo tribes

In this post, I shall look at four tribes, namely the Arwal, Babbar, Manjotha and Meo, which are found in Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur districts, located in the south and west of Punjab, bordering Baluchistan. This region is dominated by the Baloch tribes such as the Leghari and Mazari, and the status of the Jat is very marginal. Often a Jat tribe is affiliated with a Baloch tribe, and are often referred to as Jat of the Mazari, or Jat of the Leghari. In fact, the word Jat has now being replaced with the word Jamote, which was originally a word used as self-description by the rulers of Las Bela, who belonged to the Samma tribe. This word is now been appropriated by the Jats of Balochistan and Dera Ghazi Khan region. Just a point about the Meo tribe. Most of the Meo are associated with Mewat region, which covers parts of Haryana and Rajasthan in India. However, the Meo of Dera Ghazi Khan are distinct from the Meo of Mewat, as they left the Mewat region some four centuries ago, and settled among the Leghari Baloch, with him they are closely associated. They now refer to themselves as Jamote, and intermarry with tribes of similar status. All these tribes speak the Seraiki language.


Bellow is a list of Jat tribes enumerated from 1911 Census of India for Dera Ghazi Khan District:


Tribe Population
Bhatti         9,128
Bab 5,257
Manjotha         4,348
Babbar 4,294
Sial 3,915
Khokhar 3,465
Bhutta 2,876
Soomra 2,508
Sambar 2,030
Barra 1,927
Chachar 1,898
Kachela   1,848
Joiya         1,617
Langah 1,558
Jajalani 1,571
Thaheem 1,499
Bohar 1,445
Malana 1,358
Dakhna 1,303
Buttar 1,292
Lakaul 1,157
Parhar 1,144
Makwal 1,091
Sandhila 1,082
Aishiani 1,058
Chauhan 1,026
Daha 1,016
Sahotra         994
Shahkhani 961
Dhandla 949
Chhajra 913
Batwani 895
Samdana 895
Phor 867
Panwar 866
Changar 861
Domra 822
Darakhe 785
Maitla 776
Hanbi 769
Hujjan 733
Khaloti 720
Otrai 718
Chhina 706
Mahra 702
Mohana 663
Lak 658
Mangil 656
Mahesar 648
Dhol 638
Ghani 628
Khati 612
Chani 572
Khaira 567
Kajla 558
Khak 556
Kabru 554
Virk         548
Malhan 529
Meo 524
Barar 501
Heer 387
Naich 286
Kanera 208
Kang 100

As the list show, the Bhatti, Sial, Khokhar and Bhutta are larger of the Jat clans of the Dera Ghazi Khan and Rajanpur. Incidentally, these clans predominate through out southern Punjab. The four clans I am looking at, two, namely the Arwal and Manjotha have traditions of migration from the Makran. They claim to be Jadgal by origin. The question then arises who exactly are these Jadgal. The terms Jadgal and al Zadjali is used interchangeably by early Arab historians of Makran region of southern Balochistan. Their settlement in the Makran region is referred to in Arab histories to the first centuries of the Muslim era (circa 7th century). They are described as sons of kings who were holding the country between Kirman and *Mansura in Sindh,but whether they originated from the west or the east is not stated. The word Jadgal was also used interchangeably with the word Jat. It seems that Makran may have been the originally homeland of the Jat.



The Arwal are closely connected with the Manjotha, and may even be considered as clan of that clan. In 1911 Census, they were not separately enumerated. According to their tribal traditions, when the Mirani Baloch arrived in the Dera Ghazi Khan, the Arwal left Makran and settled in the region. The Arwal follow Baloch customs in all matters connected with marriage, etc., thus differing from nearly all the other Jat tribes of that region. This has including raring camels, and Arwal were semi-nomadic. They speak Balochi, although most also speak Seraiki as well.



The next tribe I intend to look at are the Babbars. In numbers, they were the fourth largest tribe in the region. There tradition makes their ancestor as Raja Karan, who appears in the Mahabharat. In Bahawalpur, where they give the following genealogy : —

Raja Karan.

Babbar. + Gabbar. + Rabbar. + Jhaggar.

All these four are well known tribes found in Rahim Yar Khan and Bahawalpur. The Babbar are Suryavanshi Rajputs, and said to be converted to Islam at the hands of Makhdum Jahanian of Uch Sharif. Their ancestors are said to have left the region near Delhi and settled along the banks of the Indus. In Rajanpur District, the Babbar are found in Tatar Wala and Chah Sherwala villages.



Like the Arwal, who some consider to be a clan of the Manjotha, they claim to have come originally from Makran in Baluchistan. A small number of Manjotha also claim an Arab origin.They are Jadgal, and those of Dera Ghazi Khan still speak Balochi. However, according to another tradition, the Manjotha are by origin Barlas Mughals. Manjotha are not unique in having said to have come from Makran, and it does seem some five centuries ago, a large number of Jadgal are said to have migrated into southern Punjab.

The Manjotha are found in the districts of Layyah, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Rajanpur, and Multan.



The last community I intend to look at in this post are the Meo. Like the previous communities discussed, the Meo consider themselves as Jamote, but have a distinct and fascinating history. For the Meo are a well known ethnic group found in the Mewat region that lies south of Delhi, and covers the Bharatpur and Alwar regions of Rajasthan. The Dera Ghazi Khan Meo are said to have settled in the region during the reign of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, in the 16th century. This community is now Saraiki speaking, having been settled in the region for five Centuries, and has no connection with Meo of Mewat. Their main settlements are Wah Mayo and Mayo, as well as five smaller villages, near the town of Jampur. A second cluster of Meo villages are found in Rajanpur District, in particular Qasba Mayo. Unlike the Mewaty Meo, the Dera Ghazi Khan claim an Arab origin, having to said to have migrated from Iraq. This claim is contrary to what the Mewat Meo claim, which is a Rajput origin. Having settled in a region where Rajput ancestry is of little consequence, the Meo have now begun claiming Arab descent.