Jats of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

In this post, I shall look at the Jat community in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, all of whom are Seraiki speaking. According to the 1901 Census of India, the total Jat population was 81,081, almost all of whom about 75,542 were Muslim. The Hindu and Sikh Jat recorded by the Census were all soldiers who were stationed in the province.

The term Jat was commonly used in describe any Muslim cultivator who had not identified themselves as Pathans, Baloch, Sayads, or Qureshis, and often included Awans and Rajputs. The Jats are found mainly in the Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan Division, and are all Seraiki speaking. In the districts of Lakki Marwat and Bannu, a process of assimilation by Pashtuns has been an ongoing process. Most of the Indus plain is inhabited by Jats, who are divided into a number of clans. In Lakki Marwat, and the neighbouring Isa Khel Tehsil of Punjab, most Jats belong to the Turkhel clan, many of whom prefer to call themselves Pathans. The Lakki Marwat and Bannu Jats have much in common with the Bannuchis, and with the Awans they make up the mass of the hamsayah “Hindkis” in Bannu District. The Jat are most numerous in the neighbourhood of Ghoriwal and Shamshi Khel. Every Bannuchi village has few Jat families.

In Dera Ismail Khan, the assimilation process is slower, with the Asar, Bhumla, Chadhar and Chhajra forming an important element in the Indus plains. Almost all the Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu Jats are also found in the Bhakkar, Layyah, Dera Ghazi Khan and Mianwali districts of Ounjab. In the Bannu Division, there is no difference now between groups who call themselves Jat and those who are Rajput, with both groups intermarrying. However in Dera Ismail Khan Division, the Sial and Bhatti groups keep a Rajput identity and are distinct from groups that call themselves Jats.

Dera Ismail Khan

The total Jat population in the district was 61,115, all of whom were Muslim. Bellow are the main clans according 1901 Census of India:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Asar 1,377
Aulakh 1,887
Autrah 1,075
Bains 353
Bhumla 793
Bhatti 778
Bhutta 778
Chadhar 1,226
Chhajra 367
Chhina 1,580
Dab 103
Dhariwal 184
Dhotar 949
Ghallu 818
Gill 190
Gujjar 365
Hassam 336
Jakhar 603
Janjua 573
Joiya 670
Kalyar 918
Kanera 1.754
Khera 176
Khokhar 3,185
Kohawer 1,020
Langah 704
Langrial 222
Mallana 454
Marral 229
Noon 169
Saggu 434
Sawag 460
Sial 2,945
Sipra 2,945
Soomra 930
Thaheem 352
Turk 1,499

Bannu District

The total Jat population in the district was 13,487, all of whom were Muslim. Bellow are the main clans according 1901 Census of India:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Bhumla 793
Heer 169
Kanera 147
Khokhar 248
Mohana 2,945
Mona 2,945
Sanda 930
Turkhel 1,499
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