In my earlier post, I made reference to the Bar, and the fact it is divided into four regions: the Sandal Bar (the area between the Ravi and Chenab rivers), Kirana Bar (the area between the Chenab and Jhelum rivers), Neeli Bar (the area between the Ravi and Sutlej rivers) and Ganji Bar (the area between the Sutlej and dry river bed of the Hakra).
In this post I will look at four tribes, the Baghela, Dhudhi, Phullarwan and Rath, that all are found mainly in the Neeli Bar, although the Dhudhi have expanded as far north as Chakwal and Phullarwan to Sialkot. The Rath and Dhudhi claim a common Panwar Rajput ancestry, while the Baghela are closely associated with the much larger Kathia tribe. With regards to the Phullarwan, there are several traditions as to their origin which I will explore in this post. Below is a list of tribes classified in Montgomery District (present day Sahiwal, Okara, and Vehari districts) as Jat by the 1911 Census of India:
Below is a list of tribes that were classified as Rajputs in 1911 Census:
In my earlier post, I have already looked at the Kathia, who are perhaps the most important of the Neeli Bar tribes. What is surprising however is the absence of the Langrial, who are extremely important tribe in the Mailsi region. Many of the larger tribes such as the Sial, Khokhar, Bhatti and Dhudhi registered themselves as both Jat and Rajput, showing how the boundary between the two groups were less then rigid. Please note that area covered by the old Sahiwal District now forms part of Okara, Sahiwal, Pakpattan, Vehari, and Khanewal districts.
The first tribe I will look at are the Baghela, who are closely connected with the Kathia tribe. Like the Kathia, the Baghela have traditions of migration from Kathiawar in Gujarat.T he name of this clan is derived from the Sanskrit word vyaghra, meaning a tiger. They are descended from Bagh Rao or Vyaghra Deva, son of Rai Jai Singh, the Chalukya ruler of Anhalwara Pattan in what is now Gujarat. The Baghela or Vaghela as they are known as in Gujarat, emigrated from under Vyaghra Deva, and settled in the upper valleys of the Sone; the region is now known as Baghelkhand.
In Punjab, they are said to have emigrated from with the Kathias, another Rajput tribe with origins in Gujarat. The Baghela settled near the town of Kamalia in what is now Khanewal District, where they remain. Sometime around the 15th Century, the tribe converted to Islam
Almost all their villages are located near the town of Kamalia, such as Ahmed Baghela, Khushhālke Baghela, Shāhābalke Baghela. Ghulie ke Baghela and Sher ke Baghela. In Okara District, they are found in the village of Thati Baghela near the town of Dipalpur.
The Dhudi are a tribe of Panwar (Parmar) Rajput origin, who numbered 5,800 ccording to the 1931 census of India. Like the Khichis who I shall look later in this blog, the Dhudi have traditions of migration from Malwa in Central India. Dhudi, the ancestor of the tribe was said to be a kinsman of Panwar ruler Rajah Bhoj of Ujjain, and said to have migrated with his family to Punjab. There initial settlement was in Multan, and conversion to Islam is said to have occurred at hands of the Sufi Bahaudin Zakaria. From their, the Dhudi are said to settled in Mailsi in Vehari District, where they are mentioned as early as the first half of the 14th Century. When the Delhi Sultanate was breaking up they spread along the Sutlej and Chenab. One of them, Haji Sher Mohammad was a saint whose shrine at Mouza Dewan Sahab in Vehari District This tribe is now found in Chakwal, Gujrat, Sialkot, Sargodha, Jhang, Multan, Sahiwal, Jhelum, Vehari Khanewal District Kabirwala and the Bahawalnagar districts.
Dhudhi Villages in North Punjab
Starting with Gujrat District, they are found in the village of Ghansia, in neighbouring Jhelum District, their villages include Saeela, Dhok Sir, Lota, Dhok Masyal, Dhok Munawar and Dhok Dheri in Dina Tehsil and Toba, Golpur, Karyala Jalap (which they share with the Jalap tribe) and Dhudi Thal in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil. While in Chakwal District, they are found in the village of Khokhar Zer. Moving south towards Sargodha, they are found in Dhudhi in Sahiwal Tehsil and Dhudhian in Kot Momin Tehsil. In neighbouring Khushab District, their villges include Thathi Bakhsh Shah. North of Sargodha in Mandi Bahauddin District, they are found in Bhagat and Kadher. In Bhakkar District, important Dhudhi villages include Jandanwal, Chak No 56DB, Chak 72/ML and Karloowala.
Dhudhi villages in South Punjab
Starting with Jhang District in south Punjab, Dhudhi villages include Boori Dhudhian, Dhudhiwala, Kapoori near Gharmor and Darbar Bahu Sultan. In the Pakpattan district, Dhudi villages include Chak14SP, Chak 27 SP,and Bateenga. There are two villages in Hafizabad District, Sukheke Mandi and Dubber. In Lodhran District, they are found in Chah Maniwala, while in Bhakkar District, they are found in Basti Cheena and Basti Dhudianwala. In Khushab District, they are found in the villages of Rahdari and Pillow Waince. And finally in Lodhran District, they are found in Chah Mannywala near Dunyapur.
Rath are a tribe found mainly in Pakpattan District. The name rath literally means a charioteer, which traditionally in Indian society is also said represent the Kshatriya, or the warrior caste, so in the case of the Rath simply signifies that they are Rajputs. According to their own tribal traditions, their ancestor was a Panwar Rajput, who left Delhi, and settled in Mailsi in Vehari District. They are closely related to the Dhudhi tribe, and some consider them to be a clan of the Dhudis. After the collapse of Mughal Empire, the Rath migrated and settled in a region fifteen miles south of Pakpattan. They were pastoralist, but saw a reduction of their territory with the rise of Sikh power. Most Rath villages are now found in Arifwala Tehsil such as Basti Nawaz Joiya, Toraiz Rath, Hamma Rath, Noora Rath and Salam Rath.
The Phullarwan are a tribe of Rajput status.There are a number of traditions as to the origin of the tribe. According to one tradition, they are Suryavanshi Rajputs, claiming descent Raja Karan of the Mahabharat, through Phularwan, a descedent of the Raja. In Sialkot, they claim that Suroa, a king of Delhi was their ancestor, and say that they were once called Suroa. Phuloru, a descendent of the king, left Delhi and settled in the neighbourhood of Jhang, and the word phullarwan literally means Phuloru’s family. Bagah, a descendent of Phuloru, then moved to Sialkot. If the second tradition is correct, that would make the Phullarwan a branch of the Tomar Rajput tribe, who are said to be founders and first rulers of Delhi. Another tradition makes Phuloru a Panwar Rajput. What make Phullarwan distinct from the other Bar tribes is their insistence in calling themselves Rajputs, and using the title Rana.
The Phullarwan are found in Gujrat, Faisalabad, Sialkot, Sargodha, Okara, Kasur, and Sahiwal districts of Punjab.
In Faisalabad District, they hold three villages called Bootywali Jhaal, Chak No. 34 GB and Chak No. 35 GB near Jaranwala.
In Sialkot District, they hold 12 villages, including Phullarwan.
In Sargodha District, the main village is Phullarwan.
In Gujrat District, Phullarwan is an important village.
In Sahiwal District, the main villages Phullarwan Wasal and Phullarwan Chiragh.
In Okara District, the main villages Phullarwan Wazirke,Jandowal, Kot Shah Mushtaq, Phullarwan Kamboh, Rukan Pura and Shams kay near Hujra Shah Muqeem.
In Lahore District, the main village is Phullarwan near Burki,
In Kasur District, the main villages are Lohlay Rajputan near Usmanwala and Bhoye Aasal near Kot Radha Kishan.