Population of Jat clans of Faisalabad, Multan and South Punjab according 1901 Census of India

The British province of Punjab comprised five administrative divisions — Delhi, Jullunder, Lahore, Multan and Rawalpindi — and a number of princely states. This post gives a breakdown of the Jat clans enumerated as part of the 1901 Census of India. In 1901, the Multan Division comprised the following districts:

 

Multan District

The total Muslim Jat population in 1901 was 137,718, out of a total of 140,315, therefore almost all of Jat were Muslim.

Tribe Total
Athangal  308
Atwal  386
Aulakh  205
Autrah  2,979
Bachh  175
Bains 2,097
Bajwa  266
Bhangu  134
Bhullar  141
Bhutta  4,872
Buttar  141
Chaj  123
Chadhar 3,734
Channar 1,696
Cheema  311
Chhajra  168
Daha  472
Dhillon  82
Dhudhi  254
Gaun  349
Ghallu 2,761
Gill  536
Hanjra  190
Heer 370
Jakhar  1,822
Kachela 1,010
Kalyar  1,123
Kalru  1,362
Kanju 626
Khaira 467
Khaki  1,465
Lak  303
Lang  1,883
Langah  2,927
Langrial  3,171
Maan  122
Mahe  953
Mahota  271
Maitla  1,751
Naich  108
Nain  21
Nonari  617
Panuhan  268
Pandah 165
Phor 2,019
Raad  616
Rak  432
Rawn  1,813
Randhawa  113
Sahi  127
Sahota / Sahotra  379
Sahu  3,413
Sanda  286
Sandhel  2,118
Sandhu  606
Shajra  539
Sipra  749
Soomra  1,458
Tarar  140
Thaheem  4,540
Warraich  390
Wasir  1,586
Virk  1,571

Chenab Colony

The total Muslim Jat population in 1901 was 150,602 (65%)  out of a total of 230,529. Unlike the other parts of the erstwhile Multan Division, the Chenab Colony was a site a British Imperial colonization scheme, that brought large number of settlers from central Punjab. Among these settlers, the Jat were encouraged to come, and the Chenab Colony latter Lyalpur District had a large presence of Hindu and Sikh Jats. The Muslim Jat population included both long settled Jats such as the Bhutta, Khichi, Wagha and Wasir, and settlers from East Punjab such as the Bal, Dhariwal and Sandhu.

Tribe Total
Atwal  1,361
Aulakh  635
Bains  2,599
Bajwa  4,229
Bal  189
Balani  167
Bar  628
Bhangu  330
Bhatti 4,594
Bhullar 80
Bhutta 351
Buttar 247
Butta 563
Chahal 355
Chadhar 8,678
Chatha 692
Cheema 4,755
Chhina 1,054
Deo or Dev 492
Dhariwal 479
Dhillon 1,159
Gawanis 262
Ghumman 1,372
Gill 3,430
Gondal 768
Goraya 2,132
Hanjra 1,505
Harral 2,671
Heer 266
Jaj  382
Jakhar  248
Kahlon  594
Kahu  1,331
Kajla  364
Khake  120
Kang  308
Kathia  199
Khichi  120
Lak  609
Lali  207
Langah  214
Lidhar  132
Maan  190
Mahe  332
Mahil  97
Mangat  139
Naul  438
Noon  172
Pannu  352
Pawania  113
Rajoka  667
Randhawa  1,999
Sahi  699
Sahmal  778
Sandhu  2,467
Sarai  467
Sidhu  499
Sian  131
Sipra  3,385
Siroha  144
Sohal  67
Tatla  117
Tarar 1,154
Thaheem  158
Virk  1,683
Wagha  616
Wahla  756
Warraich  3,708
Wasir  1,112
Wattu  411

Jhang District

The total Muslim Jat population in 1901 was 50,596, out of a total of 50,769, therefore almost all of Jat were Muslim.

Tribe Total
Aura  437
Bains  257
Bar 271
Batth  145
Bhangu  179
Bhutta  477
Chadhar  6,345
Dab  805
Gil 539
Gilotar 1,393
Hanjra 370
Harral 3,491
Hasnana  104
Hidan  426
Jappa  706
Kalasan  252
Kasra  204
Kathia  119
Kudhan  216
Lak  394
Lali  1,932
Langah  112
Mahe  97
Maitla  238
Mangon  204
Matmal  149
Murali  526
Naul  616
Noon  181
Sahmal  641
Sipra  1,945
Suddle  221
Tarar  158
Targar  150
Thaheem  469
Virk  234
Wagha  200
Waiha  314

Muzzafargarh District

In 1901 the entire Jat population of was Muslim and numbered 117,362.

Tribe Total
Aulakh  122
Autrah  843
Babbar  2,363
Bhullar  116
Bhutta  2,803
Chadhar 525
Chan  479
Chatha  544
Daha 1,454
Dhal 368
Dhotar  138
Dona  205
Ghallu 1,327
Hanjra  402
Hans 395
Heer 395
Jakhar  104
Janjua 778
Jatal  144
Kalasra  1,281
Kalru  1,488
Kang 629
Khaira 2,085
Khaki  1,822
Lakaul  1,518
Langah  700
Lar  778
Mallana  1,797
Naul  118
Nonari  1,454
Panuhan  455
Parhar  2,610
Sahota / Sahotra  630
Sahu  870
Sandhel  2,477
Sipra  123
Soomra  611
Thaheem  1,748

Dera Ghazi Khan District

The total Muslim Jat population in 1901 was 118,701, out of a total of 118,843, therefore almost all of the Jat were Muslim.

 

Tribe Total
Atra  493
Babbar  4,294
Bains /Waince
123
Barra  1,597
Batwani  895
Bhatti  700
Bhutta  1,835
Buttar  1,292
Chachar  1,156
Chadhar 181
Channar 263
Chhajra  913
Chhina  545
Dahya  436
Dhandla  643
Dumra  778
Hanbi 871
Heer 372
Jakhar  273
Janjua 3,861
Jehlan 1,584
Jhar 402
Kahlon  416
Kajla 558
Kalru  106
Kanera  765
Kang 978
Khaira 200
Khati  612
Kohawer  467
Lakaul  1,157
Lak  547
Langah  1,967
Mahar  773
Mahesar  648
Maitla  776
Mallana  1,358
Mohana  3,591
Panwar  189
Parhar  579
Phor  719
Sahota / Sahotra  994
Sandhel 916
Sangi  1,244
Sial  231
Soomra  2,508
Thaheem  1,234
Virk  548
Wagha  456

Bahawalpur State

The total Muslim Jat population in 1901 was 175,370, out of a total of 192,146, therefore almost all of Jat were Muslim.

Tribe Total
Atwal  351
Bains / Waince
177
Bhaya  923
Bhutt  475
Bhullar  43
Buttar 447
Bipar  508
Bohar  3,833
Burara  498
Chachar  8,923
Chadhar 334
Chaudhary 1,162
Chhlar 7,529
Chhina  159
Dahar / Dahiri  1,307
Daha  148
Dahya  1,508
Dala  1,364
Dakah  823
Dasa 459
Dhandu  643
Duran 977
Gabora 352
Ganja  1,047
Hamshira – Chauhan 233
Jaam  448
Jhak  246
Jhullan 1,285
Kahka 1,453
Kalhora 745
Kalwar 1,584
Khaki  514
Khalne  412
Kheri  219
Khal  512
Khombra  637
Kohadar  493
Kolar  661
Kont  288
Langah  2,474
Lodhra  446
Makwal  473
Malak  3,264
Manela  628
Markhand  155
Marral  880
Masson 563
Mohal  373
Naich  3,786
Nanwai 1,833
Nehon  184
Parhar  7,960
Panwar /Puar  7,702
Samma  3,084
Sangah  123
Sangi  1,094
Sanda  139
Shajra  259
Sipra  611
Soomra  4,393
Sutera  468
Thaheem  1,653
Tonwar / Tomar  1,038
Unnar  327
Uttera  1,817
Waraich 287
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Census of Delhi Province 1931

The population breakdown by religion, caste and community of the Province of Delhi in British India, now the National Capital Territory of Delhi, in the 1931 Census of India.

 

Religion-wise

 

Religion Population Percentage
Hindu 399,863 63%
Muslim 206,960 33%
Sikh 6,437  1%
Jain 5,345 0.8%
Christian 16,989 3%
Others 652
Total 636,246 100%

 

 

Caste-wise

 

 

Religion Caste or tribe Population
Hindus 399,863
Aggarwal 25,383
Ahir 13,039
Bawaria 32
Brahmin 65,434
Chamar 65,738
Chirimar 270
Chura (Bhangi) 17,905
Dagi and Koli 6,928
Dhanak 1,321
Dhobi 3,172
Faqir 43
Gaderia 2,413
Gujar 14,291
Jat 50,609
Jhinwar 12,654
Julaha 8,616
Kayastha 10,569
Khatik 3,522
Khatri 13,780
Kumhar 9,259
Kurmi 556
Lodha 1,207
Lohar 1,599
Mali 12,886
Nai 4,433
Rahgar 7,175
Rajput 30,664
Sansiya 227
Taga 1,043
Tarkhan 4,046
Teli 1,457
Tank Kshatriya 107
Dhiman Brahmin 5
Not Declared 1,096
Muslims 206,960
Arain 3,330
Brahmin 48
Chamar 11
Chura 345
Dhobi 1,022
Faqir 2.870
Gujar 331
Jat Muslim 1,245
Jhinwar 24
Julaha 800
Khatik 5
Khatri 5
Kumhar 92
Lodha 8
Lohar 711
Mali 15
Meo 5,253
Mughal 6,420
Nai 807
Pathan 26,387
Rajput Muslim 5,736
Sayyid 18,257
Shaikh 118,079
Taga Muslim 3,402
Tarkhan 319
Teli 1,852
Others  9,586
Sikh 6,437
Brahmin 36
Chura (Bhangi) 35
Jat Sikh 1,517
Jhinwar 37
Khatik 64
Khatri 497
Lohar 13
Rajput 186
Tarkhan 1,123
Tank Kshatriya 188
Others  2,815
Jain 5,345
Aggrawal 3,052
Brahmin 15
Others  2,278
Christian 16,989
Chamar 2,744
Chura (Bhangi) 2,863
Others  11,382
Others 652
Total 636,246

 

 

Source

Census of India 1931 Delhi Volume XVI Imperial tables, XVII

Basra, Goraya and Nagra tribes

In this post, I intend to look at three tribes, namely the Basra, Goraya and Nagra, who are found mainly in the northern half of the Ravi Chenab (Rechna Doab) Doab, mainly now the districts of Hafizabad, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Narowal. Historically, these tribes also had a presence in Gurdaspur, but like other Punjabi Muslims they had to migrate to Pakistan at the time of partition. All these tribes are Jat clans, and this region of Pakistan perhaps has the clearest boundary between Rajput and Jat. Jats are found all over this region and form the backbone of the agricultural community. They are divided into numerous clans and historically belonged to different religions. It was not uncommon to find in a village a few Jat families practicing Sikhism while others Islam. Along the border with the Jammu and Kashmir state, many Jats had remained Hindu, and many Hindu Nagra Jats are still found in the Jammu Jammu Region. Therefore, we find among the Basra, Goraya and Nagra groups following Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism. The Gazetteer of the Sialkot District (1920, Part A) gave the following description:

profess different religions, but a strong family likeness pervades the whole tribe. The Muhammadan is sometimes said to be less energetic than his Hindu or Sikh brother, but it is very doubtful whether any such distinction exists. The Sikh sometimes indulges a taste for liquor and a certain amount of illicit distilling occurs in the district. All are patient, hardworking cultivators without much enterprise but tenacious of their rights and proud of their position as zamindars or landowners, even if their holding be but an acre or two.

Another interesting factor is that both the Basra and Goraya claim descent from the Saroha Rajputs, a tribe of which little is known. The quote makes reference to the word zamindar, literally landowner, and almost Jats in this region interchangeably describe themselves as zamindar and Jat.

Basra

I start of by looking at the Basra, a clan found mainly in the northern part of the Rechna Doab. Like many of other Jat tribes in the Sialkot region, they claim descent from the mysterious Saroha tribe. There are currently very Saroha Rajputs, but most claim to be Chandravanshi Rajputs. Many Basra also connect themselves with the mythical Rajah Salvahan, who is said to founded the city of Sialkot. According to this tradition, Raja Salvahan has two sons named as Basra and Sarra. From Basra descend the Basra tribe of Jats and from Sarra the Sarai, another well known Jat tribe. Basra is said to have migrated to Phagwara, now located in the Kapurthala district of Indian Punjab. There original settlement was the village of Mehli, located near the town of Phagawara. Incidentally, almost all Basra of the Sialkot / Narowal region claim Mehli to be their village of origin. Melhi is also still home to Basra Jat families who follow the Sikh faith. Some five centuries ago, a famine drove the Basra from Phagwara, and they established their first settlement at the village of Gharial Kalan, south of the town of Pasrur. They then founded the village of Gharial Khurd , due to the unavailability of land in Gharial Kalan. It is unclear when the Basra began converting to Islam, but the majority were Muslim at the time of the arrival of the British in the Punjab 1849. Most Basra are now found mainly near the city of Daska.

In terms of distribution, most Basra are still found in Raya Tehsil of Narowal District, and Daska Tehsil of Sialkot District. There are a second cluster of Basra villages in the Kali Subha region of north eastern Gujranwala. In the district Sheikhupura, they are found in the villagers of Bule Chak, Akbarian-Bhagian, Hamidpur and Gundowal. Outside their historic area, the Basra Jats have settled in the Canal Colony districts of Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh, where there are now several Basra villages.

Goraya

The next tribe I will look at are the Goraya. There are several origins myths for the Goraya, which is not uncommon among Punjabi tribes. But most agree that sometime in the past they were once pastoral. Like the Basra, the Goraya are said to be descended from the Saroha Rajputs, and to have come to Gujranwala as a nomadic and pastoral. tribe from Sirsa, in what is now Haryana. According to another tradition,t he tribe is descended from a Sombansi Rajput called Goraya whose grandson Mai came from the Lakki Thal, in what is now Bhakkar District. A third tradition is that Rana their founder, came from the Jammu hills during the period of Mughal rule over Punjab (circa 15 -17 AD). Interestingly, the word goraya is also used for the nilgai, a type of a large antelope. Therefore, it is possible that Goraya could have been a nickname for their ancestor. Finally, it is sometimes said that they are a clan of the Dhillon tribe, descended from Budh who had
twenty sons, one of whom was Goraya.

They are now found in Gujranwala, Sialkot, Narowal and Gurdraspur. They own 31 villages in Gujranwala. In Sialkot, there villages are located ibn the north-east of the Pasrur Tehsil.

Nagra

The last tribe I will look at are the Nagra. According to tribal traditions, the clan claim descent from Nagra, who is said to be a Chauhan Rajput, and the tribe also claim a common origin with the Cheema. They are said to have left Delhi during the rule of Alauddin Khilji (rule 1296 to 1316), and settled initially in Jalandhar, and them moved to Pasrur, near Sialkot. The Sikh Nagra consider the Sikh Cheema to be their collaterals, and as such these two clans do not intermarry. After the partition of India in 1947, the Sikh Nagra of Sialkot District moved to India, while the Muslim Nagra undertook a similar migration from Gurdaspur District

Nagra tribal territory stretched from Pasrur in the west to Gurdaspur in the east. Like many Jat clans in this region, they are partly Muslim and partly Sikh. Many Nagras, like other Jat clans were settled in the Canal Colonies of Lyalpur and Montgomery in the 19th and early 20th Century. One such Nagra village in the canal colonies is Chak 351 GB Nagra in Toba Tek Singh District.

Naipal and Wattu tribes

In this post, I will look at two communities of Punjabi Muslims, namely the Naipal and Wattu, that were found along the banks of the Sutlej, in what is now Okara, Kasur and Bahawalnagar districts in Pakistan, and Ferozepur in India. After the partition of Punjab in 1947, the Wattu and Naipal of Ferozepur immigrated to Pakistan. Both these tribes connect themselves to the Bhatti, and like them were largely pastoral until the arrival of the British in the 19th Century.

Naipal

I start with the very localized tribe of the Naipal, who were found entirely Ferozepur District. The Naipal clan get their name from Naipal, son of Bhuni, who belonged to the Bhatti tribe, were historically found on the Sutlej just north of the city Ferozepur. They came from Sirsa in the reign of Muhammad Shah (ruler 1719-1748), and once held the river valley as far down as that town, but were driven higher up by the Dogars, and in the Naipal in turn expelled the Gujars. Sometime during the middle of the 18th Century, the Naipals occupied the Makhu ilaqa, then probably a complete waste. It is said to have been named Makkah by a faqir, one Muhammad, who had been there, but its name was corrupted into Makhu. Like their neighbours, the Dogar, Gujjar and Wattu, they were largely pastoral.

By middle of the 18th Century, Mugha1 authority had collapsed in the Sutlej valley and the Naipals became independent until Jassa Singh, the Ahluwalia (1718-1783), chief of Kapurthala took possession of their territory around 1770, and established a thana at Makhu and created the ilaqa of that name. By the early 19th Century, Ahluwalia rule was replaced by the British. Groups of the Naipal began to immigrate to the Ahluwalia ruled Kapurthala State, establishing their settlement in 1857. The Naipal were almost independent under the Ahluwalia rulers, and to have paid a small rent in kind only when the kardar was strong enough to compel them to it, which has not often the case.

By the mid 19th Century, the Naipal were settled as farmers, and began to intermarry neighbouring Muslim Jat tribes such as the Sidhu. They have lost more of their Hindu origin than either the Dogars or Gujars, and in their marriage connections they follow the Muslim law, near blood relations being permitted to enter into the marriage. Most Naipals were owner cultivators, almost every member of the tribe holding land in ownership, and not cultivating it under a few tribal chiefs as tenants, like their neighbours the Dogars.
At the time of partition in 1947, the Naipal territory was allocated to India, leading to the migration of the entire tribe to Pakistan Punjab.


Wattoo

The Wattoo, sometines writen as Wattu, are one of the main Rajput tribes of the Sutlej valley, who are closely connected to the Bhatti. Their historic homeland lay adjacent to Bhattiana, the region that now forms parts of Hissar, Sirsa and Ferozpur. Like other Punjabi tribes, the Watto have several origin myths.

In the old Sirsa territory, modern day western Haryana, the Wattoo traditions refer to a Raja Junher, a descendant of the Bhatti Raja Salvahan of Sialkot, was settled in Bhatner, wher he had two sons Achal and Batera, who were.was settled in Bhatner. The descendants of Batera include the Sidhu and Barar Jats. The former again had two sons Jaipal and Raipal, of whom Jaipal was the ancestor of the Bhatti proper, and Raipal of the Wattoo. The Wattoo are said to have been converted to Islam by Baba Farid, during the rule of their chief Khiwa, who ruled at Haveli in Okara, and was succeeded by the famous Wattu chief, Lakhe Khan. Wattoo territory at the beginning of the 19th Century included lands on both banks of the Sutlej in the Sirsa district, and the adjoining parts of Montgomery and Bahawalpur state, from Baggehi 16 miles above Fazilka, to Phulahi 70 miles below it. Above them was the territory of the Dogars, below them the Joiya. In the late 18th Century, after the Chalissa famine, the Wattoo left what is now Okara and settled in the lands of Sirsa and Rania, which was ruled by Bhatti Nawabs. This migration occurred under the leadership Fazil Dalel Rana. Another branch moved into what is Bahawalnagar District. In the Sutlej valley, the Wattoo were the most important group of Hitharis. Other groups also began to move into the Ravi river valley clashing with both the Kharals and Bhattis of the Bhatiore.

Another Wattoo traditions makes them descendants of Rajah Salvahan son Pital, who quarrelled with hie brothers and went th Bhatner (now known as Hanumangarh) in Rajasthan. Twelve generatione later Adham, owing to a feud with tho Panwar Rajputs, immigrated into the
Punjab and earned his title of Wattoo by subduing the pride of that race.The word watt or vat has various meanings, and Wattoo very likely meens a borderer. The Wattoos have a number of clans (muhins), e.g. Ladhoka, Bazidke,
Salim-Shahi, etc, all named after a particular ancestor.The principal clans of the Wattoos in Bahawalpur are:

i) Salim-ke (I) Qaim-ke, (2) Amruke, (3) Bare-ke.
ii. Sahru, with a sub-sept Darweshke.
iii. Gaddhoke, (1) Ratte-ke, (2) Bithe-ke, (3) Dhaddi-ke, (4) Daddd-ke.
iv. Rahmanke
v. Malike
vi. Miana
viii Jasoke
ix. Ahloke

The Wattoo were pastoralist par excellence, and this shown by a quote by the colonial ethnographer W.E. Purser:

priding themselves upon their politeness and hospitality. They are of only moderate industry, profuse in expenditure on special occasions, indifferent to education and exceedingly fond of cattle

In Bahhwalpur they have a different origin, with the Wattoos originally coming from Jaisalmeer and settled in the Punjab, advancing as far as Batala, which according to this tradition they founded. They then dispersed along both banks of the Sutlej. Their conversion to Islam occurred during the rule of Firoz Shah Tughlak (1351 to 1388) after which period they were incorporated into the Sultanate of Delhi. With the collapse of Muslim rule, the Wattoo suffered greatly at the hands of Sidhu-Bar Sikhs to whom they remained tributary until Nawab Muhammad Bahawal Khan II (4 June 1772 – 13 August 1809) expelled the Sidhu-Barars from the Wattu territory and annexed it to Bahawalpur.

Prior to the partition of India, there were sizeable colonies in Fazilka in what is now Punjab, India and Sirsa in what is now Haryana. All of these communities migrated to Pakistan in 1947.

The Wattoo tribe is now found in the following districts; Okara District, Pakpattan District, Bahawalnagar District, Shekhupura District, Multan District, and Nankana Sahib District.

Description of Major Muslim Communities in India: Bhale Sultan

In this post, I stick with the state of Uttar Pradesh, and look at the Bhale Sultans, a community of Khanzadas found in Uttar Pradesh. There name is a combinationation of the Sanskrit, Bhala, a kind of arrow or spear and the Arabic word Sultan meaning lord. The Bhala in medieval India was a type of spear given only to army commanders, and possession signified leadership. So technically, any army commander was a Bhale Sultan, but the title is now restricted to a specific community of Hindu Thakurs and Muslim Khanzadas found in the Awadh region and Bulandshahr district of Uttar Pradesh. In fact, when we talk of the Bhale Sultan, we are really talking about two distinct communities, those of Bulandshahr and those of Awadh, each with their own origin myths. In the introduction to my article on the Ahbans, I discuss the exact meaning of the word Khanzada, and I ask the reader to look at that post.

Bhale Sultan of Bulandshahr

In Bulandshahr, the Bhale Sultans are found mainly in villages around the ancient town of Khurja. According to tribal traditions, there ancestor was Sidhrao Jai Sinh, a Solanki Rajput of Anhilwada Pattan in what is now Gujarat. A descendent of Sidhrao, Sarang Deo, a nephew of the then Solanki Raja of Gujarat, settled in the ancient city of Baran (now known as Bulandshahr), which was then part of a principality ruled by the Dor clan of Rajputs. These Solanki were then granted an estate of eight villages by Prithvi Raj Chauhan, as a reward for services rendered during the Mahoba war. Most of the country was inhabited by the Meo community, who Sarang Deo and his followers conquered. His grandson, Hamir Singh, obtained from Shah ab-ud-din Ghori the title of Bhala Sultan or lord of the lance.” From then on the clan became known as Bhale Sultan. Kirat Singh was seventh in descent from Hamir Singh, and his descendant, Khan Chand, seven generations later, converted to Islam during the rule of Khizr Khan and took the name of Malha Khan. His son, Lad Khan and his nephew, Narpat Singh, who divided the property between them, moved from their homes at Arniyan and Kakaur to Khurja during the reign of Akbar and received the office of Chaudhri. Over time, the Bhale Sultan, both the Muslim branch descended from Lad Khan and Hindu branch descended from Narpat Singh became effective rulers of Khurja. At their height, the Muslim branch owned forty-four villages and the Hindus of the same clan thirty-two villages and-a-half. However, with rise of Kheshgi Pathans of Khurja, the Bhale Sultan power declined, with further losses when the British conquered the Doab in the early 19th Century.

Bhale Sultan of Awadh

In Awadh, there are several communities of Bhale Sultans, each with their own origin myths. The most important are those communities found in Faizabad and Sultanpur.

Among the Bhala Sultan of Sultanpur, there is a tradition that four hundred years ago Rai Barar, son of Amba Rai, brother of the then Raja of Morarmau, commanded a troop of cavalry recruited entirely from the Bais clan in the service of the Mughals, and was deputed to exterminate the trouble sum Bhars (an indigenous community) in the Isauli Pargana in present day Sultanpur District. Having accomplished his task, he returned to Delhi and presented himself at the head of his troop before the Emperor, who, struck with their manly bearing, exclaimed, “Aao, Bhale Sultan” meaning “come, spear of the Sultan”. Palhan Deo, great grandson of Rai Barar, is said to have been converted to Islam during the rule of Sher Shah Suri. From this branch of the Bhale Sultan descended the taluqdar families of Deogaon, Mahona and Unchgaon. In addition, the more minor Muslim Bhale Sultan formed the main landowning group in the north-west corner of Sultanpur district, then forming the parganas of Isauli, Musafirkhana and Jagdispur

In Faizabad, the Bhale Sultan claim descent from Rao Mardan Sinh, who is said to be a Bais Rajput, of Dundiya Khera, who was a horse-dealer by profession. During a visit Gajanpur, in Isauli Pargana, of the Sultanpur District, where there was a fort of the Rajbhars, which the Thakur is said to have captured. His son, Rao Barar, entered the service of the Sultan of Delhi, and as he was a good horseman and clever spearman, he obtained the title of Bhale Sultan. One of his descendants, Baram Deo, obtained the title Khanzada from a Sultan of Delhi, and from that period his descendants have been called Khanzada.

While a little known tradition, in Rae Bareli claims that they were Ahirs who were raised to the rank of Rajputs by Tilok Chand, a legendary figure in Awadh history.

Distribution of Bhale Sultans by District According to 1891 Census of India

District Hindu Muslim
 Saharanpur  17  27
 Meerut  20
 Bulandshahr  6,370  4,790
 Agra  59  3
 Farrukhabad  9  6
 Mainpuri  36
 Badaun  11
 Shahjahanpur  9
 Pilibhit  19  4
 Kanpur  11  75
 Fatehpur  3
 Banda  1
 Allahabad  824 18
 Lalitpur  2  2
 Benaras  15  86
 Jaunpur  25  3
 Ghazipur  7
 Gorakhpur  35  64
 Basti  155  53
 Azamgarh  122  29
 Lucknow  17  283
 Unnao  5  38
 Rae Bareli  377  372
Sitapur 20 23
 Lakhimpur Kheri  3  108
 Faizabad  757  687
 Gonda  406  352
 Bahraich  108  271
 Sultanpur  8,016  4,607
 Partapgarh  49  17
 Barabanki  329  735
Total Population in UP  17,320  12,670

 

Description of Major Muslim Communities in India : Behlim and Nagar

In this post, I return to the state of Uttar Pradesh (UP), and the Muslim communities that inhabit it. In particular, I will look at the Behlim and Nagar Muslims, both of whom fall within the category of Shaikh. Briefly, the word sheikh is an honorific in the Arabic language that literally means “elder.” It is commonly used to designate an elder of a tribe, a revered wise man, or an Islamic scholar. In the South asian context, Shaikh is a title used by the descendants of Arab and other Muslim immigrants who were said to have arrived from the Middle East or Central Asia, although it was also extended to converts from Hinduism, generally those who came from the Brahman or Vaishya category. What I want to make clear about the term Shaikh, it does not denote a single identity, but contains within a multiple and complex groupings. In some parts such as Bihar and West Bengal/ Bangladesh, the term Shaikh refers to Muslim who practices farming, while in UP Shaikh is invariably an urban group. The two groups I am looking at in this post, namely the Behlim and Nagar display this diversity of origin, with former claiming a Central Asian origin, while the Nagars claiming to be a Muslim branch of the Nagar Brahman caste.

Behlim

I will start off by looking at the Behlim, who are actually two distinct communities. We have infact two distinct communities of Behlim, those of UP and those of Gujarat. I shall start of by looking at the UP Behlims.

According to tribal tradition, the Behlim trace their descent the Sufi Salar Masud Ghaz (1015 –1032 AD), and the word is said to be a corruption of the word ba-ilm, meaning those who are knowledgeable in Arabic. Masud was a Ghaznavid army general and the nephew of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi. Masud was son of Ghazi Salar Sahu, a descendant of Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah, son of Hazrat Ali, and Sitr-i-Mu’alla, who was sister of Ghaznavi. Salar Masud came along with his uncle Salar Saifudin and teacher Syed Ibrahim Mashadi Bara Hazari (Salar-i-Azam of Ghaznavi) in early 11th century to the South Asia for propagation of Islam. According Sufi traditions associated with Salar Masud, he was killed in battle fighting local Hindu forces in what is now the Awadh region of UP. As Ghazna dynasty were of Central Asian Turk origin, this would make the Behlim to be partly of Turkish origin. In another origin story, the Behlim claim to be descended from Central Asian Turkish troopers, having arrived in India during the time Iltutmish (reigned: 1211–36). This would mean there arrival was a good two centuries after the Salar Masud. What does seem to be certain is that Behlim have been in UP for fairly long time, and are likely to of Central Asian Turkish origin.

The Behlim families of the city of Bulandshahr played an important role in the history of that city. Other Behlim are found mainly in the neighbouring districts of Meerut and Muzaffarnagar. In addition of the Behlim of the Doab, there are two other settlements in Gonda District and Basti District in eastern Uttar Pradesh. These Behlim have little or no connection with those of western Uttar Pradesh. Both the Behlim communities speak Urdu, and as a largely urban community very rarely speak any of the local dialects of Hindi. They are largely Sunni, although there is a small Shia minority.

Separate from the UP Behlims, are those of Gujarat, who are found mainly in Mehsana and Banaskantha districts. These Behlim are an agrarian community, found mostly in north Gujarat. According to some traditions, they were once Rajputs, and their customs are similar to other Muslim Rajput communities, such as the Maliks. The Behlim intermarry with other Gujarati Muslim communities of similar status such as Pathan, Shaikh and Molesalam Rajputs. Unlike other Gujarati Muslims, they have no caste association, and generally are allied to other Rajput landholding classes. They speak Gujarati and are Sunni Muslims.


Nagar

I now look at the Nagar, who are now found entirely in Bulandshahr District, who particular in and around the town of Ahar.

The Nagar are Muslim converts from the larger Nagar Brahmin community who were said to have ruled the Ahar pargana of Bulandshahr District, prior to the Muslim conquest of the region in the 11th Century. These Nagar are widespread Brahmin sub-caste, who have always been connected with the Doab, the region in which Bulandshahr District is situated. The town of Ahar lies along the banks of the Ganges river, a site which also considered sacred to Hindus.

Before the Muslim invasion this part of the country was known as the Chaurasi of the Nagar Brahmans, who still hold a few villages. According to local folklore, the name Ahar is locally derived from’ ahi’ and ‘har,’ the killing of the serpent, and the present town is said to be the place where Janamejaiya performed the great snake sacrifice, and rewarded the Nagar Brahmans who assisted him with. Janamejaiya, in Hindu mythology, was a Kuru king who reigned during the Middle Vedic period (12th or 11th century BCE). Along with his predecessor Parikshit, he played a decisive role in the consolidation of the Kuru state, the arrangement of Vedic hymns into collections, and the development of the orthodox srauta ritual, transforming the Kuru realm into the dominant political and cultural center of northern /Iron_Age_India. From these legends and myths, we can ascertain that the Nagar have long been established in this region, were the effective local rulers.

The Nagars were said to have converted during the period of rule of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb (reign 1658-1707). Aurangzeb is said to have begun a campaign in the hinterland of Delhi to suppress all the minor principalities that had maintained their autonomy. When he decided to end the Nagar control of Ahar, one of his advisors convinced him that it was inexpedient to allow all of the members of the Chaudhri’s family of that town to exercise the functions of their hereditary office. Aurangzeb is said to have agreed but on the condition that only two of them should be recognised as Chaudhri He them chose two members of the clan that had just been converted to Islam to the Chaudhri’s position. The principality of Ahar thus passed into the control of the Muslim Nagars, and town itself also converted, with the Muslims presently making 70% of the population.

As Mughal authority declined, the Nagar Muslim became important power in the Doab region, in particular in Bulandhshar District. With the arrival of the British in beginning of the 19th Century, the Nagar Muslims were confirmed their estates. In 1857, during the War of Independence, the Nagars were led by their Chaudri Sohrab Khan, who set himself up as the independent ruler, taking advantage of the collapse of British authority. However when British authority was re-established, the Nagars lost all their estates

The Nagar are Sunni Muslims, and largely Barelvi. Their customs are similar to other Shaikh communities in the Doab region. The Nagar generally speak standard Urdu. Most Nagar stil;l reside in Ahar and four villages nearby.

Jats of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

In this post, I shall look at the Jat community in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, all of whom are Seraiki speaking. According to the 1901 Census of India, the total Jat population was 81,081, almost all of whom about 75,542 were Muslim. The Hindu and Sikh Jat recorded by the Census were all soldiers who were stationed in the province.

The term Jat was commonly used in describe any Muslim cultivator who had not identified themselves as Pathans, Baloch, Sayads, or Qureshis, and often included Awans and Rajputs. The Jats are found mainly in the Bannu and Dera Ismail Khan Division, and are all Seraiki speaking. In the districts of Lakki Marwat and Bannu, a process of assimilation by Pashtuns has been an ongoing process. Most of the Indus plain is inhabited by Jats, who are divided into a number of clans. In Lakki Marwat, and the neighbouring Isa Khel Tehsil of Punjab, most Jats belong to the Turkhel clan, many of whom prefer to call themselves Pathans. The Lakki Marwat and Bannu Jats have much in common with the Bannuchis, and with the Awans they make up the mass of the hamsayah “Hindkis” in Bannu District. The Jat are most numerous in the neighbourhood of Ghoriwal and Shamshi Khel. Every Bannuchi village has few Jat families.

In Dera Ismail Khan, the assimilation process is slower, with the Asar, Bhumla, Chadhar and Chhajra forming an important element in the Indus plains. Almost all the Dera Ismail Khan and Bannu Jats are also found in the Bhakkar, Layyah, Dera Ghazi Khan and Mianwali districts of Ounjab. In the Bannu Division, there is no difference now between groups who call themselves Jat and those who are Rajput, with both groups intermarrying. However in Dera Ismail Khan Division, the Sial and Bhatti groups keep a Rajput identity and are distinct from groups that call themselves Jats.

Dera Ismail Khan

The total Jat population in the district was 61,115, all of whom were Muslim. Bellow are the main clans according 1901 Census of India:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Asar 1,377
Aulakh 1,887
Autrah 1,075
Bains 353
Bhumla 793
Bhatti 778
Bhutta 778
Chadhar 1,226
Chhajra 367
Chhina 1,580
Dab 103
Dhariwal 184
Dhotar 949
Ghallu 818
Gill 190
Gujjar 365
Hassam 336
Jakhar 603
Janjua 573
Joiya 670
Kalyar 918
Kanera 1.754
Khera 176
Khokhar 3,185
Kohawer 1,020
Langah 704
Langrial 222
Mallana 454
Marral 229
Noon 169
Saggu 434
Sawag 460
Sial 2,945
Sipra 2,945
Soomra 930
Thaheem 352
Turk 1,499

Bannu District

The total Jat population in the district was 13,487, all of whom were Muslim. Bellow are the main clans according 1901 Census of India:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Bhumla 793
Heer 169
Kanera 147
Khokhar 248
Mohana 2,945
Mona 2,945
Sanda 930
Turkhel 1,499

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1901 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my posts Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1891 Census of India/ and Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 58,936 Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Cheema 39,358 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Bajwa 27,609 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Jallandhar and Patiala State
Chandhar/ Chadhar 27,422 Montgomery, Amritsar, Firuzpur, Lahore, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali, Multan, Jhelum, Shahpur and Chenab Colony
Sandhu 25,786 Hissar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang and Multan
Tarar 25,606 Lahore, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Jhelum and Chenab Colony
Gill 19,894 Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Virk 19,703 Gujranwala, Chenab Colony, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Ghumman 16,893 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Hanjra 15,892 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bains 14,398 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Shahpur, Chenab Colony, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhutta 14,208 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Multan and Chenab Colony
Goraya 14,076 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bhatti 13,682 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Langrial 12,960 Sialkot, Gujrat and Multan
Dhillon 12.913 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot Mianwali, and Chenab Colony
Sipra 12,558 Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Heer 11,839 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Soomra / Samra 11,509 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur
Chatha 11,483 Patiala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Sahi 11,478 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujrat, Jhelum and Sialkot
Sidhu 11,322 Hissar, Jallandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Parhar 11,099 Shahpur, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Thaheem 11,023 Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kahlon 10,809 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Langah 10,808 Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Harral 10,599 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Jhang, and Chenab Colony
Chachar 10,079 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Randhawa 9,617 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Chhina 8,492 Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Rawalpindi, Mianwali, Chenab Colony and Dera Ghazi Khan
Panwar or Puar 7,900 Bahawalpur and Firuzpur
Chelar 7,529 Bahawalpur
Babbar 6,657 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Kang 6,580 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Chenab Colony
Sandhel 6,215 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Bahawalpur
Maan 5,939 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Aulakh 5,838 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Amritsar, and Jallandhar
Sarai 5,746 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala and Jallandhar
Janjua 5,394 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Jodhra 5,157 Attock
Mangat 5000 Patiala, Ludhiana, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Autrah 4,962 Multan, Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Ghallu 4.906 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Buttar 4,923 Dera Ghazi Khan, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Dhariwal 4,884 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chahal 4,466 Ambala, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Sahu 4,294 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Dosanjh 4,198 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Sial 4,169 Rawalpindi and Mianwali
Jakhar 4,165 Hissar, Firuzpur, Bahawalpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, and Multan
Lak 3,971 Shahpur, Jhang, Chenab Colony, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhullar 3,905 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Lahore
Naij 3,894 Bahawalpur
Bohar 3,833 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Khaki 3,801 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Khokhar 3,735 Gujranwala
Malana 3,609 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dahya 3,602 Ambala, Bahawalpur, Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Mohana 3,591 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deo / Dev 3,549 Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Lodike 3,269 Gujranwala
Malak 3,264 Bahawalpur
Atwal 3,200 Jalandhar and Amritsar
Lali 3,137 Shahpur and Jhang
Samma 3,084 Bahawalpur
Kharal 3,046 Gujranwala
Kalru 2,956 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Kanyal 2,944 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Khera or Khaira 2,942 Lahore, Amritsar and Sialkot
Sahotra 2,805 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Maitla 2,765 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Phor 2,738 Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Lakaul 2,675 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhotar 2,545 Gujranwala and Gujrat
Gondal 2,508 Jhelum, Rawalpindi and Chenab Colony
Bassi 2,449 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sohal 2,383 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Sangi 2,338 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Kapurthala
Naul 2,311 Jhang
Aura 2,329 Rawalpindi
Kalasra 2,284 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Bahiniwal / Wahiniwal 2,227 Montgomery, Hissar, Rohtak and Firuzpur
Daha 2,222 Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Dhamial 2,209 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Johal 2,199 Amritsar, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Nonari 2,086 Multan, Muzaffargarh, Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Channar 1,959 Multan and Bahawalpur
Lang 1,873 Multan
Mahil 1,861 Ambala, Hoshiarpur and Amritsar
Nanwai 1,833 Bahawalpur
Uttera 1,817 Multan and Bahawalpur
Kalial 1,791 Rawalpindi
Sudhan 1,765 Rawalpindi
Pannun 1,752 Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chhajra 1,648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Barra 1,597 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhachar 1,588 Mianwali
Jakhlan 1,584 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalwar 1,582 Bahawalpur
Khatreel 1,578 Rawalpindi
Rehan 1,573 Jhang and Shahpur
Hans 1,542 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Montgomery
Waseer 1,513 Chenab Colony
Jhammat 1,508 Mianwali and Jhelum
Turk 1,499 Mianwali
Kohawer 1,487 Mianwali
Kahka 1,453 Bahawalpur
Gandhi 1,452 Mianwali
Bal 1,439 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lahore, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Marral or Marhal 1,434 Karnal, Patiala and Jhang
Sahmal 1,417 Jhang and Chenab Colony
Tulla 1,403 Sargodha
Asar 1,400 Mianwali
Sanda 1,398 Bahawalpur and Mianwali
Gilotar 1,394 Jhang
Dumra 1,357 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Turkhel 1,344 Mianwali
Sekhon 1,335 Gujranwala
Kahu 1,331 Chenab Colony
Dahar / Dahiri 1,327 Bahawalpur
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur
Lohanch 1,275 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Wagha 1,273 Chenab Colony
Rawn 1,213 Multan
Bhidwal 1,207 Mianwali
Hanbi 1,207 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhangu 1,186 Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Chenab Colony
Khandoa 1,168 Mianwali
Chaudhari 1,162 Bahawalpur
Ser 1,144 Mianwali
Uttra 1,145 Mianwali
Kalyar 1,123 Multan
Rawn 1,212 Multan
Talokar 1,096 Mianwali
Jhawari 1,092 Shahpur
Mahe 1,050 Multan
Ganja 1,047 Bahawalpur
Tonwar / Tomar 1,038 Bahawalpur
Dhindsa 1,032 Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Kachela 1,010 Multan
Samtia 1,007 Mianwali
Joiya 993 Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur
Panjootha 966 Shahpur
Grewal 965 Ludhiana
Dhudhi 965 Mianwali
Dhandla 929 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhaya 923 Bahawalpur
Kajla 922 Dera Ghazi Khan
Hidan 915 Jhang
Dab 908 Jhang
Bar 899 Chenab Colony
Minhas 824 Jhelum
Dakah 823 Bahawalpur
Gorchhar 807 Mianwali
Shajra 796 Multan and Bahawlpur
Bhumla 793 Mianwali
Lar 778 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Mahaar 773 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Kanera 765 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahla 756 Chenab Colony
Kalhora 725 Bahawalpur
Panuhan 723 Multan
Jora 718 Shahpur
Jappa 706 Jhang
Jatal 703 Rawalpindi
Kolar 661 Bahawalpur
Burana 657 Shahpur
Khichi 651 Bahawalpur
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Baghial 647 Rawalpindi
Dhandhu 643 Bahawalpur
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur
Dhamtal 635 Rawalpindi
Manela 628 Bahawalpur
Kanju 626 Multan
Raad 618 Multan
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Butta 610 Chenab Colony
Rajoke 607 Chenab Colony
Mial or Miyal 599 Rawalpindi
Maghial 596 Rawalpindi
Bhakral 585 Jhelum
Pawania 581 Karnal, Hissar and Firuzpur
Lodhra 580 Multan
Pawania 576 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bedha 572 Mianwali
Masson 563 Bahawalpur
Nissowana 560 Shahpur and Jhang
Ghatwala or Malik 556 Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Marath 549 Shahpur
Sanghera 544 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Basra 540 Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Thathaal 534 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Murali 526 Jhang
Khal 512 Bahawalpur
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur
Dharal 499 Mianwali
Burara 498 Bahawalpur
Kohadar 496 Bahawalpur
Badhan 494 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Magrial 486 Rawalpindi
Chan 479 Muzaffargarh
Bhutt 475 Bahawalpur
Makwal 473 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Sutera 468 Bahawalpur
Sehwag 462 Karnal and Rohtak
Dasa 459 Bahawalpur
Nain 456 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Jaam 448 Bahawalpur
Sagoo 445 Shahpur (Sargodha)
Rak 435 Multan
Khalne 412 Bahawalpur
Wattu 411 Chenab Colony
Sandi 410 Mianwali
Jhar 402 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deshwal / Deswal 400 Hissar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Khar 389 Muzaffargarh
Jaj 382 Chenab Colony
Noon 377 Multan
Dhal 374 Shahpur
Mohal 373 Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Budhwana 366 Mianwali
Rathi 363 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Chauhan 361 Lahore and Amritsar
Gahora 352 Bahawalpur
Gaun 349 Multan
Manais 332 Montgomery
Sahgra 331 Multan
Unnar 329 Bahawalpur
Toor 329 Patiala State
Gangal 325 Rawalpindi
Kathia 320 Montgomery
Matyal 314 Rawalpindi
Athangal 308 Multan
Sarah 300 Firuzpur,
Dona 290 Multan
Kont 288 Bahawalpur
Siroha 281 Rohtak
Mahota 277 Multan
Bucha 275 Multan
Bhagiara 270 Rawalpindi
Gawanis 262 Chenab Colony
Wawana 258 Mianwali
Kalasan 252 Jhang
Jhak 246 Bahawalpur
Hurgan 236 Shahpur
Chauhan-Hamshira 233 Bahawalpur
Tama 231 Jhelum
Hundal 230 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Mangral 226 Rawalpindi
Hattial 222 Rawalpindi
Suddle 221 Multan
Khehi 219 Bahawalpur
Kudhan 216 Jhang
Kassar 216 Jhelum
Rawana 215 Mianwali
Salhal 215 Rawalpindi
Mangon 204 Jhang
Kasra 204 Jhang
Bhindar 194 Gujranwala
Harrial 194 Rawalpindi
Nehon 184 Bahawalpur
Atar Khel 181 Mianwali
Waghora 173 Mianwali
Godara 170 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Phira 170 Rawalpindi
Pala Khel 169 Mianwali
Balani 167 Chenab Colony
Pandah 165 Multan
Des 158 Mianwali
Markhand 155 Bahawalpur
Hannial 155 Rawalpindi
Mundra 150 Rawalpindi
Targar 150 Jhang
Matmal 149 Jhang
Dagur 148 Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Kalu Khel 147 Mianwali
Lidhar 141 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Gallat 138 Rohtak
Phal 135 Rawalpindi
Walana 132 Rawalpindi
Sian 131 Chenab Colony
Birkan 130 Mianwali
Chal 123 Multan
Sangah 123 Bahawalpur
Tatla 117 Chenab Colony
Sahrawat 108 Karnal, Rohtak and Gurgaon
Hasnana 104 Jhang
Khalis 102 Rawalpindi
Narwal 101 Karnal
Dalal 97 Hissar, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Bandecha 90 Lahore
Chandhran 76 Multan
Kookara 55 Jhang
Ahlawat 48 Rohtak
Baidwan 47 Ambala
Rohal 44 Karnal and Rohtak
Dhankar 42 Delhi and Rohtak
Sheoran 37 Hissar and Karnal
Salakhlan 25 Rohtak
Gulia 17 Rohtak and Delhi
Sethi 14 Ludhiana
Boparai 13 Ludhiana
Aujla Malerkotla 11
Kadian 11 Karnal

 

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1911 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my post Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 66,392 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Gondal 62,320 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Jhelum, Lahore, Sargodha and Rawalpindi
Cheema 37,076 Multam, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bhatti 35,289 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Lahore, Sahiwal / Okara, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khokhar 33,032 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sahiwal, Okara, Lahore and Hissar
Sandhu 32,632 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Gujrat, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargo dha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Kharal 24,702 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara, Lahore, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Gujranwala, Sargodha
Bajwa 23,501 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Gill 22,861 Multan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujtanwala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Tarar 22,351 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jhelum, Sialkot and Sargodha
Sial 21,251 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Lahore and Rawalpindi
Chadhar/Chandher 19,396 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Muzaffargarh, Sialkot, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, and Firuzpur
Bhutta 17,306 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum, Sargodha
Virk 16,153 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, and Jalandhar
Ghumman 13,826 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Hanjra 12,844 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Joiya 12,044 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Firuzpur, Sahiwal /Okara, Lahore, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar
Kahlon 11,942 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Gurdaspur Amritsar, and Jalandhar
Chachar 11,783 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Dhillon 11,561 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Ludhiana,Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Sialkot
Bains /Waince 11,487 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum, Sargodha, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chhina 10,424 Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar,Rawalpindi, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Jalandhar
Thaheem 10,088 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan and Multan
Khichi 10,067 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Sargodha and Multan
Harral 9,553 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Jhelum, Sargodha and Gujranwala
Randhawa 9,261 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Goraya 8,707 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Sargodha, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, and Jalandhar
Panwar or Puar 8,568 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
Nonari 8,236 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Muzaffargarh / Layyah and Multan
Sahi 7,947 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Lahore, Gujrat, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sidhu 7,856 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Langah 7,766 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar and Multan
Soomra 7,742 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Thathaal 7,550 Gujrat, Sialkot, Jhelum, Gurdaspur and Rawalpindi
Ranjha 7,536 Sargodha
Bulla 6,691 Multan
Babbar 6,657 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Noon 6,493 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, and Sargodha – most Noon in Sargodha declared themselves to be Rajput
Awan 6,232 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Lahore
Dhamial 6,232 Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Daha 6,041 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Heer 6,013 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujrat, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chatha 5,963 Multan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Muzaffargarh, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sipra 5,886 Jhang, Faisalabad, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Multan
Lak 5,803 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha
Mekan 5,435 Sargodha
Ghallu 5,313 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali
Bohar 5,308 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Dera Ghazi Khan
Bab 5,257 Dera Ghazi Khan
Parhar 5,118 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargah, Jhang, Bhakkar, Sargodha and Multan
Bassi 5,090 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Maan 4,955 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Hissar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Dhudhi 4,903 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Langrial 4,489 Multan, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Gujrat
Mahra 4,810 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang and Multan
Bangial 4,798 Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Gujrat
Dhariwal 4,449 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Ludhiana, Sialkot Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Naich 4,379 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manjotha 4,348 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mahaar 4,277 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Aulakh 4,245 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Mianwali, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Malak 4,042 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Basra 4,041 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Jhammat 4,030 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum
Chahal 4,024 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Ambala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khera or Khaira 3,958 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Faisalabad, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chauhan 3,910 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Lahore and Patiala State
Kang 3,887 Ambala, Amritsar, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh / Layyah, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Sialkot
Sahu 3,864 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Muzaffargarh
Maij 3,786 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Mallana 3,771 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali
Sandhila 4,566 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Chaughata 3,728 Multan and Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kanyal 3,527 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Kalyal 3,168 Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Bilar 3,147 Multan
Buttar 3,067 Dera Ghazi Khan, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sahotra 3,035 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Targar 3,011 Mianwali
Mangat 2,962 Ambala, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sujal 2,954 Sargodha
Janjua 2,876 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Mianwali / Bhakkar,Muzaffargarh / Layyah, Hoshiarpur and Patiala State – most Janjua declared themselves as Rajputs
Sarai 2,827 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Lang 2,715 Multan
Lakaul 2,675 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Lodike 2,675 Gujranwala
Rawn 2,616 Multan
Hans 2,573 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Khak 3,161 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Bhullar 2,544 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Kachela 2,517 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Wehi 2,509 Multan
Arar 2,478 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Mianwali / Bhakkar
Dosanjh 2,473 Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Atwal 2,430 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khakhi 2,418 Muzaffargarh and Multan
Kallu 2,403 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Uttera 2,392 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan and Lodhran
Jajularu 2,379 Multan
Asar 2,352 Mianwali
Lali 2,324 Jhang, Sargodha
Dhaku 2,295 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Sargodha
Lurka 2,288 Faisalabad
Waseer 2,266 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh and Multan
Auler Khel 2,244 Mianwali
Rajoke 2,243 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Dhal 2,210 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Arain 2,192 Multan
Bhakral 2,147 Jhelum
Chapal 2,120 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jakhar 2,275 Multan, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Mianwali/ Bhakkar, Firuzpur, and Hissar
Lona 2,062 Jhang, Faisalabad
Sambar 2,030 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatril 2,004 Rawalpindi
Sohal 1,985 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Deo 1,961 Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Barra 1,927 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aulara 1,915 Mianwali
Pannun 1,914 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Rehan 1,880 Sargodha
Khar 1,853 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Mianwali, Bhakkar/Layyah
Nanwa 1,833 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Nagyal 1,830 Jhelum
Bhasa 1,829 Multan
Raya 1,790 Jhelum
Bhachar 1,719 Mianwali
Marral 1,705 Jhang,Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Changar 1,704 Faisalabad and Dera Ghazi Khan
Wattu 1,695 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Tonwar / Tomar 1,691 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur almost all the Tonwar declared themselves as Rajput
Kalsan 1,690 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Wahla 1,688 Faisalabad, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Panwat 1,676 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jammun 1,657 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Malil 1,633 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Larsan 1,609 Multan
Jajalani 1,571 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makwal 1,564 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bhamb 1,552 Sargodha
Chhajra 1,507 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Gilotar 1,497 Jhang
Kalru 1,488 Muzaffargarh
Mahun 1,471 Jhang
Jora 1,457 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Dahya 1,391 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Hissar, Ambala – most Dahya declared themselves as Rajputs
Kundi 1,338 Mianwali
Wasli 1,327 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh and Multan
Tulla 1,311 Sargodha
Dahar or Dahiri 1,307 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Dakhna 1,303 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalasra 1,281 Muzaffargarh
Talokar 1,274 Mianwali
Kalwar 1,271 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur most Kalwar registered themselves as a seperate caste
Gujar 1,265 Jhang
Mekan 1,229 Jhelum
Bhidwal 1,295 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Parohe 1,253 Multan
Nourangi 1,247 Multan
Bahiniwal 1,225 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Dawana 1,210 Multan
Chani 1,204 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatarmal 1,184 Jhelum
Bagwar 1,179 Multan
Ghagar 1,177 Multan
Mahla 1,160 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Sangi 1,159 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Matyal 1,147 Jhelum
Khinger 1,146 Jhelum
Tatri 1,122 Sargodha
Johal 1,115 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Aheer 1,101 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha
Jhawari 1,092 Sargodha
Sadraj 1,091 Multan
Bar 1,084 Faisalabad
Dhar 1,074 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Samma 1,072 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kanera 1,071 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali
Aishiani 1,058 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khat 1,055 Sargodha
Gorchhi 1,054 Mianwali
Gangal 1,049 Jhelum
Gauja 1,047 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kudhan 1,045 Jhang
Pansota 1,041 Faisalabad
Dara 1,040 Multan
Kalhora 1,031 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Thabal 1,019 Jhang
Naul 1,630 Jhang and Multan
Sahmal 994 Jhang
Lodhra 985 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Sandi 981 Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Chachakar 974 Multan
Sadhari 974 Multan
Grewal 962 Ludhiana
Shakhani 961 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sandal 960 Multan
Chozan 958 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Maru 956 Jhang
Dhandla 949 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chimar 947 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Samitah 943 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kamoka 943 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Burana 935 Sargodha
Maho 934 Multan
Siana 933 Multan
Chanal 919 Multan
Hidan 914 Jhang
Katwal 912 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Batwani 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Samdana 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kakrial 894 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Pumma 893 Mianwali
Samra 880 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Phor 867 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalera 855 Sargodha
Dhandu 844 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Autrah 843 Muzaffargarh
Domra 822 Dera Ghazi Khan
Pattiwala 816 Multan
Awrah 814 Jhang
Badhan 813 Gujrat, Ambala and Karnal
Ghatwala also known as Malik 808 Karnal and Rohtak
Basar 807 Multan
Baghoor 807 Sargodha
Phaphra 802 Jhelum
Sattar 801 Jhang
Koral 794 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jaam 788 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Gujjral 788 Jhelum
Darakhe 785 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahiniwal 782 Faisalabad
Lar 778 Muzaffargarh
Unu 777 Mianwali
Maitla 776 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chavan 775 Multan
Hanbi 769 Dera Ghazi Khan
Langra 766 Multan
Sailigar 757 Multan
Natt 755 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Parkar 753 Multan
Bandechha 750 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Amritsar
Dahral 738 Sargodha
Khanda 734 Jhelum
Hujjan 733 Dera Ghazi Khan
Atral 733 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bhatia 733 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Hundal 725 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Amritsar
Khaloti 720 Dera Ghazi Khan
Otrai 718 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalyar 715 Sargodha
Sagoo 715 Sargodha
Jatal 710 Jhelum
Ghogha 710 Jhelum
Hatiar 691 Sargodha
Hansi 691 Mianwali
Dangar 689 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Rongia 689 Multan
Kamboh 679 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur, almost all Kamboh registered themselves as a separate caste
Jhandir 679 Sahiwal /Okara / Pakpattan
Kanwan 678 Jhang
Suddle 674 Multan
Shaikha 674 Multan
Mahran 673 Multan
Mohana 663 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makkal 662 Mianwali
Asran 662 Mianwali
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mangil 656 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sangra 653 Mianwali
Khoti 646 Jhelum
Dhol 638 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhadro 638 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Kaloke 638 Rawalpindi
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Ganda 637 Rawalpindi
Ghani 628 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manela 628 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Dhindsa 627 Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bhangu 625 Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Jandral 618 Jhelum
Ruk 618 Multan
Tama 617 Jhelum
Lidhar 614 Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Lahore
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aura 610 Rawalpindi
Chandram 608 Multan
Bagar 602 Multan
Sapral 600 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Kalhar 600 Mianwali
Samachi 599 Multan
Panjootha 596 Sargodha
Ghorhawal 591 Mianwali
Bhander 589 Sargodha
Chahura 587 Mianwali
Bagril 586 Gujrat
Athar 581 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Pukhowara 581 Multan
Hariar 579 Jhelum
Lapra 579 Multan
Brakha 579 Sargodha
Charal 578 Multan
Rayar 578 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Sandrana 577 Sargodha
Serwal 572 Jhelum
Jangal 572 Jhelum
Kajla 558 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kande 557 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kabru 554 Dera Ghazi Khan
Jarola 550 Sargodha
Samri 549 Multan
Marath 548 Sargodha
Joota 544 Jhelum
Saand 544 Mianwali
Hindan 541 Rawalpindi
Kathal 538 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jandi 538 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Masson 537 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jauson 531 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Malhan 529 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalia 525 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bir 524 Multan
Meo 524 Dera Ghazi Khan – the relation of the Meo Jat of Dera Ghazi Khan and the Meo caste in Gurgaon, Alwar and Bharatpur is unclear. The Meo Jat claim an Arab origin
Samtia 524 Mianwali
Sansi 522 Gujranwala and Lahore
Dhamtal 520 Rawalpindi
Chhaj 510 Faisalabad
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Chawali 506 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Khinge 506 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Nissowana 505 Sargodha
Bhawan 503 Sargodha
Barar 501 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mahi 498 Multan
Kohawer 496 Mianwali
Gadri 490 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Minhas 457 Jhelum
Sanghera 418 Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chuna 415 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Mandahar 401 Patiala State
Nagra 366 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Batth 340 Lahore
Deshwal 321 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak/td>
Kalair 312 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Godara 309 Hissar / Patiala State
Ghahi 301 Multan
Bal 298 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Marhal also sometimes called Mandal 280 Patiala State and Karnal – Muslim Nawabs of Karnal belonged to this tribe
Auntal 274 Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Ves 274 Sargodha
Turkhel 255 Mianwali
Panghal 229 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Janjhar 223 Patiala State
Jhalli 219 Patiala State
Tiwana 216 Patiala State – most Tiwana declared themselves as Rajputs
Punia 213 Hissar / Patiala State
Pawania 207 Hissar, Karnal and Patiala State
Billan 205 Patiala State
Malhi 205 Lahore, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Raad 201 Multan
Narwal 191 Hissar
Sudhan 175 Rawalpindi
Mami 166 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Uppal 163 Faisalabad, Lahore, Gujranwala and Patiala State
Nain 162 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Sekhon 155 Lahore
Padda 151 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Jawana 150 Patiala State
Shajra 144 Multan
Rathi 144 Karnal and Hissar
Dhandhe 141 Patiala State
Mahil 134 Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Maalta 121 Multan
Basati 120 Patiala State
Raparia 119 Patiala State / Hissar
Sunar 107 Rohtak
Aujla 107 Jalandhar
Bore 102 Patiala State
Bandar / Wandar 100 Firuzpur, Hissar and Sirsa
Baghial 96 Rawalpindi
Kali Rauni 95 Patiala State
Dohan 83 Hissar
Gandhu 77 Patiala State
Gadra 77 Patiala State
Gulia 71 Patiala State
Ahlawat 70 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bola 70 Hissar and Patiala State
Maghial 69 Rawalpindi
Khatri 68 Sonepat, Karnal and Rohtak
Sodhi 65 Patiala State
Baidwan 61 Karnal and Hissar
Mander 59 Patiala State
Sarwara 58 Patiala State
Phogat 57 Patiala State
Dabdal 51 Hissar
Hari 49 Patiala State
Gurne 48 Patiala State
Boria 46 Rawalpindi
Dhauker 45 Patiala State
Sheoran 43 Hissar
Lahar 43 Patiala State
Sohi 42 Patiala State
Mandi 41 Patiala State
Narwan 41 Patiala State
Narwan 41 Patiala State
Sawaich 40 Hissar
Sangi 38 Firuzpur
Rattiwal 37 Patiala State
Jawanda 34 Patiala State
Dandiwal 34 Hissar
Bator 33 Patiala State
Tarka 30 Patiala State
Rai 29 Firuzpur
Chanhan 26 Hissar
Mial 25 Rawalpindi
Kandoe 24 Patiala State
Sehwag 24 Hissar
Maindal 22 Patiala State
Mahla 22 Hissar
Bagar 21 Patiala State
Gailan 20 Hissar
Phogat 20 Patiala State
Jassar 19 Patiala State
Sarao 13 Patiala State
Dullat 13 Patiala State
Jaglan 11 Hissar
Chande 10 Patiala State
Bandhel 10 Patiala State
Lahar 10 Hissar
Dhawe 10 Patiala State
Dalal 10 Rohtak
Khandi 9 Hissar
Boparai 9 Gurdaspur
Saran 7 Rohtak
Dagur 2 Gurgaon – a few families of Muley Jats

 

Population of Muslim Rajput Clans of British Punjab According to the 1911 Census of India

 

Tribe

Population Distribution
Bhatti 208,664 throughout Punjab, but special concentrations in Bhatiana (Firuzpur/Hissar/Sirsa), Bhatiore (Jhang/Chiniot), Gujranwala and Rawalpindi
Chauhan 109,533 Modern Haryana (especially Karnal and Panipat), Ambala, and central Punjab – the Karnal, Rohtak and Rewari Chauhan are a Ranghar tribe, in central found mainly in Lahore, Amritsar and Jallandhar
Khokhar 93,012 Jhang, Jhelum, Hoshiarpur, Sialkot, Hoshiarpur, Jallandhar and Gurdaspur
Sial 91,211 Jhang, Multan and other parts of South Punjab
Joiya 49,486 Along the banks of the Sutlej from Multan to Firuzpur extending to Hissar and Sirsa
Panwar 44,924 Rohtak, Karnal, Jind and Hissar (the eastern group); Bahawalpur, Multan and Muzaffargarh (the western group) – the eastern group are a Ranghar tribe; a smaller grouo also found in Jhelum
Wattu 34,696 Along the banks of the Sutlej from Bahawalpur to Firuzpur extending to Hissar and Sirsa
Naru 29,665 Present East Punjab, Amritsar, Jallandhar, Hoshiarpur and Ludhiana – by early 20th Century, several Naru were settled in Faisalabad and Sahiwal in the canal colonies
Ghorewaha 26,203 Present East Punjab, Jallandhar, Hoshiarpur and Ludhiana
Janjua 25,621 a western group in Rawalpindi and Jhelum and eastern group in Hoshiarpur
Sulehri / Sulehria 25,512 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Mandahar 24,703 Modern Haryana (especially Karnal and Panipat), Ambala, and Hissar. They are a Ranghar tribe
Manj 20,633 Present East Punjab, Amritsar, Jallandhar, Hoshiarpur and Ludhiana
Bariah also pronounced as Varya 17,893 Present East Punjab, Jallandhar, Hoshiarpur and Ludhiana
Tomar 16,686 Modern Haryana (especially Rohtak and Panipat), Ambala, and in the Bahawalpur Stater
Mair-Minhas 15,075 Chakwal
Kharal 14,521 Faisalabad and Sahiwal
Jatu 13,825 Modern Haryana (especially Hissar and Gurgaon), Ambala, and Rohtak. They are a Ranghar tribe
Manhas / Minhas 10,382 From Rawalpindi to Hoshiarpur – a Muslim Dogra grouping
Awan 9.555 Two groups of Awan registered themselves as Rajput, those of Sonepat and near Delhi – who were a Ranghar tribe, and smaller group in Gurdaspur and Sialkot. All Awan declared themselves as Awan
Taoni 9,273 Ambala – a Ranghar grouping
Alpial 8,986 Attock – a branch of the Manj Rajput tribe
Chib 8,360 Gujrat, a Muslim Dogra clan
Jodhra 8,085 Attock District
Dhanyal 7,909 Rawalpindi – Murree Tehsil
Dhudhi 6,730 Sargodha, Jhang, Faisalabad and Sahiwal
Baghial 6,715 Rawalpindi
Dhamial 5,973 Rawalpindi
Bhakral 5,744 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Bhakral 5,744 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Khichi 4,774 Sargodha, Jhang and Sahiwal
Langrial 3,886 Multan, Sahiwal and Okara – northern branch in Rawalpindi/Jhelum and Gujrat – most northern Langrial declared themselves as Jat
Chadhar 3,825 Jhang District – outside Jhang most Chadhars registered themselves as Jat
Dahya 3,620 Ambala District – a Ranghar clan
Khanzada 3,662 Gurgaon – a branch of the Jadaun clan
Kalial 3,662 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Dahya 3,620 Ambala District – a Ranghar clan
Kathia 2,900 Sahiwal and Okara
Kanial 2,317 Rawalpindi
Mangral 2,309 Rawalpindi
Nagrial 2,220 Rawalpindi
Kalyar 2,177 Sargodha – most Kalyar declared themselves to Jat
Raghubansi 2,135 Ambala – a Ranghar clan
Katil 2,104 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Gaharwal 2,069 Rawalpindi
Nagyal 2,038 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Qaimkhani 2,020 Hissar – essentially a Rajasthani tribe, a branch of the Chauhan
Rawat 1,971 Malerkotla State
Thathaal 1,618 Rawalpindi
Mekan 1,584 Sargodha – most Mekan declared themselves as Jat
Jhap 1,559 Jhang
Jamra 1,455 Dera Ghazi Khan
Tiwana 1,347 a western group in Kushab and eastern group in Patiala
Matyal 1,347 Rawalpindi
Jatal 1,310 Rawalpindi
Rathore 1,148 Hissar, Firuzpur and Bahawalpur, in areas bordering Bikaner. Rajasthani immigrants
Khuhi 1,148 Multan
Warha 1,288 In Hissar a Ranghar group, also found along the Sutlej in Firuzpur and Bahawalpur State
Dogar 1,300 Sahiwal and Okara – most Dogar registered themselves as Dogars and numbered 68,473
Jalap 1,172 Jhelum – a branch of the Khokhar tribe
Nagrawal 1,143 Rawalpindi
Ramial 1,120 Rawalpindi
Ghangar 1,002 Rawalpindi
Daha 991 Multan, Sahiwal and Okara – a branch of the Panwar
Badpyar 988 Delhi with villages near the Yamuna river – a Ranghar clan
Pundir 985 Ambala and Karnal – a Ranghar group with villages near the Yamuna river
Atiras 965 Patiala State
Kural 961 Rawalpindi
Phularwan 935 Sahiwal and Okara – a second group in Sialkot
Baghela 923 Sahiwal / Okara
Mukhmdal 852 Gujrat – a Chib sub-clan
Jora 834 Fazilka, Hissar and Sirsa
Attar 821 Sargodha
Mial 817 Rawalpindi
Hon 811 Rawalpindi – a branch of the Panwar tribe
Bargujar 805 Gurgaon – a Ranghar tribe found in Rewari
Mayen 802 Patiala State
Mahaar 792 Along the banks of the Sutlej from Bahawalpur to Firuzpur extending to Hissar and Sirsa – most Mahaar declared themselves as Jat
Adrah 792 Rawalpindi
Kala 747 Jhang
Sakhri 743 Hissar – a Ranghar clans, sub-division of the Jatu
Taraqar 710 Multan
Bhao 706 From Kharian to Gurdaspur – a Muslim Dogra group
Rath 706 Sahiwal / Pakpattan
Sarral 698 Rawalpindi
Luddu 680 Hoshiarpur
Gaurwa 644 Gurgaon – Ranghar group
Kethwal 642 Rawalpindi – Murree Tehsil
Doli 639 Sahiwal / Okara
Barial 633 Ludhiana District
Chandel 618 Present East Punjab, Jallandhar, Patiala and Ludhiana
Sohlan 606 Jhelum
Noon 599 Sargodha and Multan – a branch of the Bhatti tribe
Agan 569 Gurdaspur – Muslim Dogra clan/td>
Dhanwal 569 Sahiwal and Okara/td>
Jandran 551 Sahiwal / Okara
Bains 548 Rawalpindi – the majority of the Bains registered themselves as Jats
Ranjha 579 Jhelum / Chakwal
Ratial 549 Rawalpindi
Mughal 544 Rawalpindi
Satraola 544 Hissar – a Ranghar tribe
Bhan 519 Sargodha
Chatha 420 Rawalpindi
Jawal 288 Delhi – a Ranghar clan
Jadaun 165 Gurgaon and Karnal – a Ranghar tribe
Jaswal 160 Hoshiarpur
Meun 76 Multan and Bahawalpur State
Pathania 71 Gurdaspur – a Muslim Dogra group
Jaral 58 Kangra
Gondal 31 Rawalpindi – almost all the Gondals declared themselves as Jat, except a few in Rawalpindi