Bhikh, Jhujh and Kadial Jats

In this post I will look at three Jats tribes, namely the Bhikh, Jhujh and Kadial, who are found north and south of the Jhelum river, in the Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District, Mandi Bahaudin District and Bhera Tehsil of Sargodha District.

Jats of the Upper Jhelum Valley

The valley of Jhelum River, which forms the boundary between the three districts of Jhelum, Sargodha and Mandi Bahaudin is home numerous Jat tribes. In my post on the Ghugh, Khoti and Khatarmal, I discussed some background to the history of the Jats in this region. From historic accounts, it does seem that the Jats have been in this region for atleast over five centuries, very likely earlier. Below is an account taken from Rose, who quoted the Mughal Emperor Babar (r. 1526–1530) , who passed through the region on his conquest of India:

In the country between Nilab and Bhera, ” wrote Babar, “but distinct from the tribes of Jud and Janjuhah, and adjacent to the Kashmir hills are the Jats, Gujars, and many others of similar tribes, who build villages, and settle on every hillock and in every valley. Their hakim was of the Gakkhar race, and their government resembled that of the Jud and Janjuhah

It is therefore clear the Jats wel established in the region some five hundred years ago. Babar makes further reference to the Jats of the region:

 

Every time,” adds Babar, “that I have entered Hindustan, the Jats and Gujars have regularly poured down in prodigious numbers from their hills and wilds, in order to carry off oxen and buffaloes.

https://i0.wp.com/www.lawsofpakistan.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/na-64-sargodha.jpg

Map of Bhera Tehsil: Source Election Commision of Pakistan

https://www.ecp.gov.pk/Documents/delimitation2018/With%20Watermark/National%20Assembly/Punjab/Jhelum.jpg

Map of District Jhelum: Source Election Commision of Pakistan

 

W. S Talbott, the author of the Jhelum Gazatteer wrote to the following of the Jats of this region:

The Jats bulk largely in the census returns; but in this district there is no Jat tribe of common decent and with common traditions: the word is applied to any cultivator who does not claim foreign or Rajput origin, and does not belong to any of the other
great agricultural tribes of the tract. Probably the bulk of the people, so classed are the descendants of Hindu forefathers, and were amongst the earliest settlers here, though nothing definite is known about them; bul no doubt they include also many families from other tribes in the district; who in the course of generations have lost touch with their original connections, and have become merged in tne great body of the cultivators: indeed, according to one view very commonly accepted, this might be· said of the Jat tribe in general

 

It then further goes on to say:

The first time we hear anything  definite about the Jats,  about 400 years  ago, they are cultivating their lands under subjection to the Janjuas or the Gakkhars; and this remained their condition: they therefore never took any prominent part in the stormy politics of the district

However, by the arrival of the British in the region in 1849, most Jats were independent landowners, they were titled , chaudhary, which means village headman. The region has exceedlingly large number of clans, and the British only recorded the histories of the large clans such as the Gondal, Lilla, and Phaphra. The focus of this post will some of the lesser know Jat clans of the region, where history is less well recorded.

Bhikh

I start of this post by looking the Bhikh, a tribe found mainly in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil. The tribe claims descent from the Khokhar Rajputs . Their ancestor was Goria, the Khokhar Raja of Sharab, a state that said to have existed over a thousand years ago. Goria was succeeded by his two sons Badal and Bharth, from his Rajput wife, and 11 others who were sons of slavegirls.

When Rajah Goria died, his land was divided between two sons of from his Rajput wife. Badal was granted the lands that included the upland tracts of Chiniot and Kokrana (near  modern Sargodha), while Bharth took those land located east of the Chenab. Bharth’s territory eventually extended as far as Gujrat, and he left eight sons of whom four had children. These were Sanda, Hassan, Hussain and Mahmud. Sanda built a city called Sandar, said to be located between the Ravi and the Dek streams, the ruins of which are still called Sandar-ke-tibba, the hill of Sandar in the Pindi Bhattian tehsil.

Rajah Sandar was said to have ruled justly his dominion, which is still called the Sandar or Sandal Bar. He left four sons, Mandar, Ratanpal, Bala, and Jal. From Ratan Pal sprang the Rehan, who are now found mainly in Jhang and Sargodha, with Kalowal the tribal headquarters. Rehan had two sons, one called Nisso from which decend the Nissowana tribe, the other being Bhikh. Bhikh is said to have settled in the Gondal Bar, the region between Chenab and Jhelum before the arrival of the Gondals. The arrival of the Gondals, said to have happened in the 11th Century, saw the Bhikh cross the Jhelum and settle in Pindi Bhikh in Pind Dadan Khan. Some Bhikh are now claiming descent from Qutub Shah, the ancestor of the Awan tribe, and therefore an Arab ancestry.

 

They now occupy several villages near the Pindi Bhikh, which is the most important centre of the tribe. The village Chaudharies have always been Bhikh.

 

Jhujh

The next tribe I will look at are the Jhujh. They are found south of the Jhelum river, but unlike the Bhikh, are much more widespread. Like many Punjabi tribes, there have a number of originstories.

Some Jhujh claim descent from the Chauhan Rajputs, while other claim Varya Rajput ancestry. In all these accounts, their ancestor was an individual by the name of Jhujh. He is said to have left Hindustan, not the country, but the region in North India, and accepted Islam at the hands of Baba Farid.

Like many tribes of this region, a claim to Arab ancestry is now being made. According to this tradition, the word  jhujh ((جؔھجؔھ) chief. I could not find any record of this word in the online Arabic dictionary. The Arab origin theory makes a claim that the tribe descends from Aqeel ibn Abi Talib, the cousin of the Prophet Mohammad. Like many such accounts of a Arab claim, we find their ancestor in service of Sultan Masud of Ghazna. During the campaign of the Sultan in Punjab, twelve members of the Jhujh tribe were martyred and their graves are said to exist in Bhaiky Lal Chand (old name shaeedan wala), located in Depalpur tehsil of Okara  District.

The  original pronounciation of there name was Jajy, which in the Southern Punjab (Seraiki belt) was changed to Jhunjh , in Sindh Jaja and in North India to Jhojha. The tribe therefore were originally from the Banu Hashim tribe. This claim to Arab origin is recent, and with many Jat tribes in the Jhelum / Mandi Bahaudin / Sargodha region making such claims. This has replaced earlier claims to Rajput ancestry. All I can say there is very little documentary proof of Arab presence in the region. The Mughal Emperor Babar was keen observer of the regions he travelled through, and although he makes clear reference to the Jats, makes no mention of tribes of Arab descent.

The Jhujh are found in Mandi Bahauddin, Okara, Sahiwal and Sargodha districts. Important villages include Mong (Mandi Bahaudin), Pipli Bakka Jhujh (Sargodha), Jhujh Khurd and Jhujh Kalan (Okara).

 

Kadial

The last clan I will look at in this post are the Kadial, also pronounced as Qadiyal. They are found mainly in the village of Tobah, in Jhelum District. Kadial is derived from Qadar Khan, there ancestor, who came in village Tobah during 1840s from the Malwa region of central India. According to some traditions, he was a Rajput.

The Punjab was experiencing conflict between the Sikhs and the East India Company, both fighting for supremacy. Tobah was a rural area centered between Salt Range and river Jhelum, thereby providing security and shelter to Qadar Khan. Qadar Khan and his kinsmen settled in the region, marrying into local Jat clans.

Lilla and Phaphra

In this post, I will look at two tribes, namely the Phaphra and Lilla, who live in close proximity to each other in the Pind Dadan Khan region of Jhelum. Both of them have been called Jat, and here I wish to make a point. Both these tribes claim to an extra sub-continental descent, the Phaphra claim to be Mughal, while the Lilla Qureshi. Yet, the definition of Jat is elastic enough in this region for both these tribes to be included in the Jat category. What makes someone a Jat here is whether other tribes of Jat status will intermarry with them. I would also ask the reader to look at my article on the Jalap, which gives some background on the Jats of the Jhelum region.

Pind Dadan Khan Weather Forecast

Map of the Pind Dadan Khan Region

Phaphra

Phaphra is small tribe of Mughal status, also found in Pind Dadan Khan plains located north of the river Jhelum.

The tribe claims to be Barlas Mughals, and get its name from an ancestor named Phaphra, who settled in the district in the 15th Century. So who exactly are the Barlas, and I shall briefly look at this group of medieval Mongols. According to the Secret History of the Mongols, written during the reign of Ögedei Khan [r. 1229-1241], the Barlas shared ancestry with the Borjigin, the imperial clan of Genghis Khan and his successors, and other Mongol clans. The leading clan of the Barlas traced its origin to Qarchar Barlas, head of one of Chagatai’s regiments. Qarchar Barlas was a descendant of the legendary Mongol warlord Bodonchir (Bodon Achir; Bodon’ar Mungqaq), who was also considered a direct ancestor of Genghis Khan. Due to extensive contacts with the native population of Central Asia, the tribe had adopted the religion of Islam, and the Chagatai language, a Turkic language of the Qarluq branch, which was heavily influenced by Arabic and Persian. Timur, the ancestor of the Mughal dynasty belonged to the Barlas clan, and therefore that would connect the Paphra with the Mughals.

As their little historic evidence to connect the Phaphra with the Mughals, there is some scepticism as to their claim of Mughal ancestry. British settlement documents from the late 19th and early 20th Century refer refer to them as a “semi-Jat tribe”. As I have already mentioned, the word Jat in the Jhelum region often means a cultivator. The fact that the Phaphra often intermarry with neighbouring tribes such as the Lilla and Gondal, who are considered as Jat often reinforces the perception that the Phaphra are Jat.

According to Phaphra traditions, they came to this district from the direction of Faridkot, in what is now in East Punjab India. They settled in India around 15th Century, slightly earlier then the Mughal takeover of the Punjab. The Phaphra settled here as agriculturists, getting their name from their leader at that time Phaphra. However some other traditions claim he was called Nittharan. According to a family tree kept by Chaudharies of Gharibwal, the largest landowners among the tribe, gives their genealogy as follows:

Harbans or Shah Ibrahim (a descendent of Timur), Tilochar, Shah, Mal, Phaphra, Pheru, Vatra, Jatri, Harsh or Arif, Tulla, Nado, Hardev, Mahpal, and finally Nittharan.

Nittharan is said to have five sons namely; Gharib, (descendants in Gharibwal), Samman (Sammanwal), Ichhin (son’s name Sau, descendants in Sauwal), Rao (Rawal), and Dhudhi (Dhudhi, and Qadarpur). Some of the earlier names are clearly Hindu, although this does not itself preclude their claim to Barlas ancestry. But there position in Jhelum society was more akin that of the Jats then the Mughals. Their headmen use the title Chaudhary, and their customs are very similar to the Gondals, the largest Jat tribe in their vicinity. The Phaphra are now divided into two rival clans, the Dhudhial, from the village of Dhudhi Paphra and Sadowalia from those who belong to the village of Sadowal.

The Paphra occupy a compact area of about 25 square miles at the foot of the Salt Range, east of Pind Dadan Khan in Jhelum District .The main Mughals Phaphra villages are Chak Danial, Chak Shadi, Chakri Karam Khan, Dewanpur, Dhudi Paphra, Ghareebwal, Jutana, Karimpur, Kaslian, Kot Phaphra, Kot Shumali, Rawal, Sidhandi, Sammanwal, Sadowal, Saowall, Shah Kamir, Qadirpur, Thil, Warnali, and Warra Phaphra, all in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District. In Chakwal District they are found in Dhok Virk and Jotana. Mohra Phaphra is a lone Phaphra village in Rawalpindi District. Across the Jhelum, in Mandi Bahauddin District the Paphra are also found in villages of Phaphra, Chak No 29 and Nurpur Piran.

Lila

The next tribe I will look are the Lila, who are also found above the Jhelum in Pind Dadan Khan District.

According to their tribal traditions, they originally located in Arabia, being relations of the Prophet on his mother’s side. This would make the Lila’s Qureshi by origin. They then left Arabia under the leadership of an individual named Haris, who migrated to India, with a band of 160 men and settled at a place called Masnad in Hindustan, which they say still exists as a small town or village, though its exact situation is not known. This happened in the time of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. However, the Lilla did not stay long in Masnad, and moved to Multan. There they became disciples of the pir Ghaus Shah. The Pir warned them that they would prosper as long as they remained united, but that any disagreements within the tribe would lead to their ruin.

Accompanied by Ghaus Shah, the tribe settled in Shahidiwalian, near present day Gujranwala. After they had been settled there for some time the locals of the place began to get tired of the trouble they caused, and made complaint to the Emperor at: Delhi, who ordered that they should be moved on. The local governor was ordered to expel them and succeeded in dividing the tribe into two factions, which fought a pitched battle. The defeated party dispersed and its descendants are now found near the Chenab, mainly in what’s now Mandi Bahaudin District, while the others, weakened by the struggle, migrated to the Pind Dadan Khan plain, led by Lilla Buzurg, whose is considered the ancestor by all the present Lillas. When Lilla arrived at their present location, the tract was then occupied a tribe of Hal Jats.

According to another tribal tradition, their ancestor Haras, arrived in Sindh with Muhammad bin Qasim in 710 CE . When Muhammad Bin Qasim returned to Arabia, Haras and his clansmen settled in Multan. They settled near the town of Mandi Yazman, tending their cattle. A famine then drove them moved towards the river Chenab. Conflict with other tribes forced the tribe towards Mohibpur, on the west bank of the Jhelum near the town of Khushab. A further migration under the leadership of Lilla Buzurg took the tribe further north along the Jhelum. In a tract was then occupied a tribe of Hal Jats, the tribe now known as Lila finally settled. The Lillas then exterminated the Hal, barring one pregnant woman, who had managed to escape. From her some are descended families of Hal Jats that reside with the Lillas.

According to the tribal traditions of the Awan, who villages border those of the Lilla, they were first settle the area by the Jhelum, which was a swamp, with the Lilla coming later from Hindustan, meaning North India. It seems that Lila came either from the east or south, leading a pastoral life until finally settling in their present location. The Lilla have several clans, the main ones being the Dulyal, Guliyal, Gujj, Karmal, Khushial, Marhal, Maswal, Nuthlial, and Nushial. Despite the claim to Qureshi ancestry, the Lilla are considered as Jats by their neighbours and intermarry with other tribes of Jat status such as the Gondal, Jethal, Phaphra and Wariaches.

The four ancestral villages of the tribe are Lilla Bhera (also known as Mainowana), Lilla Bharwana, Lilla Hindwana, and Lilla Guj, which are said to be named after their founders, Maino, Bharo, Hindo, and Guj. Each of these villages are named after their founders, Maino, Bharo, Hindo, and Guj. The tribe holds about 40 square miles of territory between Pind Dadan Khan town and the Salt Range in the Jhelum District, and form the majority in the villages of Chak Hameed, Jalalpur Sharif, Lilla Handwana, Lilla Goj, Lilla Bhera (also known as Mainowana) and Rawal in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil. There also a second cluster of Lilla villages on the banks of the Jhelum River in Khushab District, such as Kotla Jagir, Mohibpur and Waheer. While in Mandi Bahauddin District, they are found in Bohat, and further south in Sargodha District, they are found in Bhikhi Khurd, descendants of the second group of Lillas who dispersed to the Chenab.

Basra and Sarai Jats

In this post, I intend to look at two tribes, namely the Basra and Sarai, who are found mainly in the northern half of the Ravi Chenab (Rechna Doab) Doab, mainly now the districts of Hafizabad, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Narowal. Historically, the Basra also had a presence in Gurdaspur, but like other Punjabi Muslims they had to migrate to Pakistan at the time of partition. While the Sarai were fairly widespread, found as far east as Patiala State.  Both the Basra and Sarai are Jat clans, and this region of Pakistan perhaps has the clearest boundary between Rajput and Jat. Jats are found all over this region and form the backbone of the agricultural community. They are divided into numerous clans and historically belonged to different religions. It was not uncommon to find in a village a few Jat families practicing Sikhism while others Islam. Along the border with the Jammu and Kashmir state, many Jats had remained Hindu, and many Hindu Randhawa and Nagra Jats are still found in the  Jammu Region. Therefore, we find among the Basra and Sarai groups following Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism. The Gazetteer of the Sialkot District (1920, Part A) gave the following description:

profess different religions, but a strong family likeness pervades the whole tribe. The Muhammadan is sometimes said to be less energetic than his Hindu or Sikh brother, but it is very doubtful whether any such distinction exists. The Sikh sometimes indulges a taste for liquor and a certain amount of illicit distilling occurs in the district. All are patient, hardworking cultivators without much enterprise but tenacious of their rights and proud of their position as zamindars or landowners, even if their holding be but an acre or two.

Another interesting factor is that both the Basra, like the Goraya, also found in this region, claim descent from the Saroha Rajputs, a tribe of which little is known. The quote makes reference to the word zamindar, literally landowner, and almost Jats in this region interchangeably describe themselves as zamindar and Jat.

Map of Sialkot District: Source Who

The table gives the population of the larger Muslim Jat Tribes of Sialkot District according to the 1911 Census

 

Tribe Population

 

Bajwa

 

13,727
Ghumman

 

7,579
Cheema

 

7,446
Kahlon / Kahlawn

 

6,285
Waraich 5,917

 

Sandhu

 

5,054
Basra

 

3,583
Gill

 

3,468
Dhillon

 

2,758
Sahi

 

1,786
Hanjra

 

1,744
Virk

 

1,670
Sarai

 

1,041
Deo / Dev

 

855
Awan

 

714
Bains

 

626
Aulakh

 

614
Lidhar

 

614
Dhariwal / Dhaliwal

 

524
Pannu / Pannun 498

 

Sidhu

 

404
Randhawa

 

357
Nagra

 

299
Dhindsa

 

265
Kang

 

173
Maan 169

 

Heer

 

73

 

I would ask the reader to look at my posts on the Goraya, Tarar and Warriach, which more information on the Jats of the region. The largest tribe in the region were the Bajwa, and time permitting I hope to write a post about them.

Basra

I start of by looking at the Basra, a clan found mainly in the northern part of the Rechna Doab. Like many of other Jat tribes in the Sialkot region, they claim descent from the mysterious Saroha tribe. There are currently very Saroha Rajputs, but most claim to be Chandravanshi Rajputs. Many Basra also connect themselves with the mythical Rajah Salvahan, who is said to founded the city of Sialkot. According to this tradition, Raja Salvahan has two sons named as Basra and Sarra. From Basra descend the Basra tribe of Jats and from Sarra the Sarai, another well known Jat tribe. Basra is said to have migrated to Phagwara, now located in the Kapurthala district of Indian Punjab. There original settlement was the village of Mehli, located near the town of Phagawara. Incidentally, almost all Basra of the Sialkot / Narowal region claim Mehli to be their village of origin. Melhi is also still home to Basra Jat families who follow the Sikh faith. Some five centuries ago, a famine drove the Basra from Phagwara, and they established their first settlement at the village of Gharial Kalan, south of the town of Pasrur. They then founded the village of Gharial Khurd , due to the unavailability of land in Gharial Kalan. It is unclear when the Basra began converting to Islam, but the majority were Muslim at the time of the arrival of the British in the Punjab 1849. Most Basra are now found mainly near the city of Daska.

In terms of distribution, most Basra are still found in Raya Tehsil of Narowal District, and Daska Tehsil of Sialkot District. There are a second cluster of Basra villages in the Kali Subha region of north eastern Gujranwala. In the district Sheikhupura, they are found in the villagers of Bule Chak, Akbarian-Bhagian, Hamidpur and Gundowal. Outside their historic area, the Basra Jats have settled in the Canal Colony districts of Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh, where there are now several Basra villages.

Sarai

The other tribe I am going to look are the Sarai. They are a Jat tribe, whose homeland is the upper Rechna Doaba, including Hafizabad, Sialkot and Narowal districts The Sarai find along the Sutlej and Beas, all have traditions of migrating from the Rechna. They were until the arrival of the British, a largely pastoralist tribe.

 

The Sarai are closely connected with the Basra tribe, according to some traditions, both tribes have a common ancestor. However, most Sarai claim to be clan or at least by origin Bhatti Rajput. In each of the origin story, there ancestor is called Sarai. In Hafizabad, Sarai is said to have come originally from Jaisalmer, and was a Bhatti Rajput chieftain.  According to the 19th Century orientalist, James Tod makes Sahrai is the title of a clan of Panwar Rijputs who founded a, dynasty at Aror in Sindh on the eastern bank of the Indus and ” gave their name Sehl or Sehr as a titular appellation to the country and its prince, and its inhabitants the Sehrais.” However, almost all Sarai traditions make their ancestor a Bhatti, and not Panwar. Although in the Gujranwala Bar, the uplands located between Ravi and Chenab, the Sarai are now quite distinct from the Bhattis. In Gurdaspur, in census of 1881, many Sarai returned as their tribe Sindhu, Sarai simply being a clan of the Sandhus. However, in other parts of Punjab, the Sarai are quite distinct from the Sandhus. According to the British ethnologist Rose. The Sarai may however be an offshoot of the Sandhu and they certainly do not intermarry with that tribe. But it in the Rechna, where majority of the tribe are found, there close connection is with Basra and not the Sandhu.

Distribution of Sarai Jats According to the 1901 Census

District / State Hindu Sikh Muslim Total
Amritsar 136 2,610 171 2,917
Ludhiana 636 2,014 39 2,689
Sialkot 642 306 1,358 2,306
Gurdaspur 1,047 987 226 2,260
Gujranwala 581 451 1,166 2,198
Patiala State 1,273 218 258 1,749
Faridkot State   1,577 33 1,610
Jalandhar 961 327 173 1,461
Nabha State 379 1,062   1,441
Hisar 77 1,300 17 1,394
Lahore 31 452 602 1,085
Chenab Colony 55 375 417 847
Gujrat 119   661 780
Ambala 338 164 17 519
Montgomery   75 367 442
Rohtak 421   10 431
Hoshiarpur 189 56 34 279
Mianwali     150 150
Malerkotla State 105     105
Other Districts/ States       339
Total

 

7,096 12,160 5,746 25,002

 

 

At the beginning of the 20th Century, the Sarai were found in two clusters. Those of Rechna Doab, had spread across the Ravi into Lahore, Amritsar, Montgomery and Faridkot State, and across the Chenab into Gujrat,  together these Sarai accounted over half the population, and had a slight Sikh majority. A second cluster of Sarai were found along the Sutlej, and across in the Malwa, which included the largely Sikh Sarai of the Hisar, made remining half the tribe. These Sarais all have traditions of migration from Rechna Doaba. Sarai were one of the earlier Jat clans to start converting to Sikhism, and the majority were Sikh at the start of the 20th Century. But in the Rechna Doaba, the Sarai were evenly divided between Muslims and Sikh.  On the Hindu Sarai, other then those of Rohtak, the rest of the Sarai were Sultani, followers of the Sufi saint Sakhi Sarwar. Most of these were in the process of converting to Sikhism. My post on the Bharai caste give somes background on the Sultani sect. The Sultani sect is practically dead now.

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1901 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my posts Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1891 Census of India/ and Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 58,936 Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Cheema 39,358 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Bajwa 27,609 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Jallandhar and Patiala State
Chandhar/ Chadhar 27,422 Montgomery, Amritsar, Firuzpur, Lahore, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali, Multan, Jhelum, Shahpur and Chenab Colony
Sandhu 25,786 Hissar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang and Multan
Tarar 25,606 Lahore, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Jhelum and Chenab Colony
Gill 19,894 Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Virk 19,703 Gujranwala, Chenab Colony, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Ghumman 16,893 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Hanjra 15,892 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bains 14,398 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Shahpur, Chenab Colony, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhutta 14,208 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Multan and Chenab Colony
Goraya 14,076 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bhatti 13,682 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Langrial 12,960 Sialkot, Gujrat and Multan
Dhillon 12.913 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot Mianwali, and Chenab Colony
Sipra 12,558 Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Heer 11,839 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Soomra / Samra 11,509 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur
Chatha 11,483 Patiala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Sahi 11,478 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujrat, Jhelum and Sialkot
Sidhu 11,322 Hissar, Jallandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Parhar 11,099 Shahpur, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Thaheem 11,023 Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kahlon 10,809 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Langah 10,808 Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Harral 10,599 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Jhang, and Chenab Colony
Chachar 10,079 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Randhawa 9,617 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Chhina 8,492 Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Rawalpindi, Mianwali, Chenab Colony and Dera Ghazi Khan
Panwar or Puar 7,900 Bahawalpur and Firuzpur
Chelar 7,529 Bahawalpur
Babbar 6,657 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Kang 6,580 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Chenab Colony
Sandhel 6,215 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Bahawalpur
Maan 5,939 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Aulakh 5,838 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Amritsar, and Jallandhar
Sarai 5,746 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala and Jallandhar
Janjua 5,394 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Jodhra 5,157 Attock
Mangat 5000 Patiala, Ludhiana, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Autrah 4,962 Multan, Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Ghallu 4.906 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Buttar 4,923 Dera Ghazi Khan, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Dhariwal 4,884 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chahal 4,466 Ambala, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Sahu 4,294 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Dosanjh 4,198 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Sial 4,169 Rawalpindi and Mianwali
Jakhar 4,165 Hissar, Firuzpur, Bahawalpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, and Multan
Lak 3,971 Shahpur, Jhang, Chenab Colony, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhullar 3,905 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Lahore
Naij 3,894 Bahawalpur
Bohar 3,833 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Khaki 3,801 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Khokhar 3,735 Gujranwala
Malana 3,609 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dahya 3,602 Ambala, Bahawalpur, Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Mohana 3,591 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deo / Dev 3,549 Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Lodike 3,269 Gujranwala
Malak 3,264 Bahawalpur
Atwal 3,200 Jalandhar and Amritsar
Lali 3,137 Shahpur and Jhang
Samma 3,084 Bahawalpur
Kharal 3,046 Gujranwala
Kalru 2,956 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Kanyal 2,944 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Khera or Khaira 2,942 Lahore, Amritsar and Sialkot
Sahotra 2,805 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Maitla 2,765 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Phor 2,738 Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Lakaul 2,675 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhotar 2,545 Gujranwala and Gujrat
Gondal 2,508 Jhelum, Rawalpindi and Chenab Colony
Bassi 2,449 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sohal 2,383 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Sangi 2,338 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Kapurthala
Naul 2,311 Jhang
Aura 2,329 Rawalpindi
Kalasra 2,284 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Bahiniwal / Wahiniwal 2,227 Montgomery, Hissar, Rohtak and Firuzpur
Daha 2,222 Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Dhamial 2,209 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Johal 2,199 Amritsar, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Nonari 2,086 Multan, Muzaffargarh, Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Channar 1,959 Multan and Bahawalpur
Lang 1,873 Multan
Mahil 1,861 Ambala, Hoshiarpur and Amritsar
Nanwai 1,833 Bahawalpur
Uttera 1,817 Multan and Bahawalpur
Kalial 1,791 Rawalpindi
Sudhan 1,765 Rawalpindi
Pannun 1,752 Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chhajra 1,648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Barra 1,597 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhachar 1,588 Mianwali
Jakhlan 1,584 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalwar 1,582 Bahawalpur
Khatreel 1,578 Rawalpindi
Rehan 1,573 Jhang and Shahpur
Hans 1,542 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Montgomery
Waseer 1,513 Chenab Colony
Jhammat 1,508 Mianwali and Jhelum
Turk 1,499 Mianwali
Kohawer 1,487 Mianwali
Kahka 1,453 Bahawalpur
Gandhi 1,452 Mianwali
Bal 1,439 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lahore, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Marral or Marhal 1,434 Karnal, Patiala and Jhang
Sahmal 1,417 Jhang and Chenab Colony
Tulla 1,403 Sargodha
Asar 1,400 Mianwali
Sanda 1,398 Bahawalpur and Mianwali
Gilotar 1,394 Jhang
Dumra 1,357 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Turkhel 1,344 Mianwali
Sekhon 1,335 Gujranwala
Kahu 1,331 Chenab Colony
Dahar / Dahiri 1,327 Bahawalpur
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur
Lohanch 1,275 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Wagha 1,273 Chenab Colony
Rawn 1,213 Multan
Bhidwal 1,207 Mianwali
Hanbi 1,207 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhangu 1,186 Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Chenab Colony
Khandoa 1,168 Mianwali
Chaudhari 1,162 Bahawalpur
Ser 1,144 Mianwali
Uttra 1,145 Mianwali
Kalyar 1,123 Multan
Rawn 1,212 Multan
Talokar 1,096 Mianwali
Jhawari 1,092 Shahpur
Mahe 1,050 Multan
Ganja 1,047 Bahawalpur
Tonwar / Tomar 1,038 Bahawalpur
Dhindsa 1,032 Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Kachela 1,010 Multan
Samtia 1,007 Mianwali
Joiya 993 Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur
Panjootha 966 Shahpur
Grewal 965 Ludhiana
Dhudhi 965 Mianwali
Dhandla 929 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhaya 923 Bahawalpur
Kajla 922 Dera Ghazi Khan
Hidan 915 Jhang
Dab 908 Jhang
Bar 899 Chenab Colony
Minhas 824 Jhelum
Dakah 823 Bahawalpur
Gorchhar 807 Mianwali
Shajra 796 Multan and Bahawlpur
Bhumla 793 Mianwali
Lar 778 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Mahaar 773 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Kanera 765 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahla 756 Chenab Colony
Kalhora 725 Bahawalpur
Panuhan 723 Multan
Jora 718 Shahpur
Jappa 706 Jhang
Jatal 703 Rawalpindi
Kolar 661 Bahawalpur
Burana 657 Shahpur
Khichi 651 Bahawalpur
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Baghial 647 Rawalpindi
Dhandhu 643 Bahawalpur
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur
Dhamtal 635 Rawalpindi
Manela 628 Bahawalpur
Kanju 626 Multan
Raad 618 Multan
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Butta 610 Chenab Colony
Rajoke 607 Chenab Colony
Mial or Miyal 599 Rawalpindi
Maghial 596 Rawalpindi
Bhakral 585 Jhelum
Pawania 581 Karnal, Hissar and Firuzpur
Lodhra 580 Multan
Pawania 576 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bedha 572 Mianwali
Masson 563 Bahawalpur
Nissowana 560 Shahpur and Jhang
Ghatwala or Malik 556 Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Marath 549 Shahpur
Sanghera 544 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Basra 540 Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Thathaal 534 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Murali 526 Jhang
Khal 512 Bahawalpur
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur
Dharal 499 Mianwali
Burara 498 Bahawalpur
Kohadar 496 Bahawalpur
Badhan 494 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Magrial 486 Rawalpindi
Chan 479 Muzaffargarh
Bhutt 475 Bahawalpur
Makwal 473 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Sutera 468 Bahawalpur
Sehwag 462 Karnal and Rohtak
Dasa 459 Bahawalpur
Nain 456 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Jaam 448 Bahawalpur
Sagoo 445 Shahpur (Sargodha)
Rak 435 Multan
Khalne 412 Bahawalpur
Wattu 411 Chenab Colony
Sandi 410 Mianwali
Jhar 402 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deshwal / Deswal 400 Hissar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Khar 389 Muzaffargarh
Jaj 382 Chenab Colony
Noon 377 Multan
Dhal 374 Shahpur
Mohal 373 Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Budhwana 366 Mianwali
Rathi 363 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Chauhan 361 Lahore and Amritsar
Gahora 352 Bahawalpur
Gaun 349 Multan
Manais 332 Montgomery
Sahgra 331 Multan
Unnar 329 Bahawalpur
Toor 329 Patiala State
Gangal 325 Rawalpindi
Kathia 320 Montgomery
Matyal 314 Rawalpindi
Athangal 308 Multan
Sarah 300 Firuzpur,
Dona 290 Multan
Kont 288 Bahawalpur
Siroha 281 Rohtak
Mahota 277 Multan
Bucha 275 Multan
Bhagiara 270 Rawalpindi
Gawanis 262 Chenab Colony
Wawana 258 Mianwali
Kalasan 252 Jhang
Jhak 246 Bahawalpur
Hurgan 236 Shahpur
Chauhan-Hamshira 233 Bahawalpur
Tama 231 Jhelum
Hundal 230 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Mangral 226 Rawalpindi
Hattial 222 Rawalpindi
Suddle 221 Multan
Khehi 219 Bahawalpur
Kudhan 216 Jhang
Kassar 216 Jhelum
Rawana 215 Mianwali
Salhal 215 Rawalpindi
Mangon 204 Jhang
Kasra 204 Jhang
Bhindar 194 Gujranwala
Harrial 194 Rawalpindi
Nehon 184 Bahawalpur
Atar Khel 181 Mianwali
Waghora 173 Mianwali
Godara 170 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Phira 170 Rawalpindi
Pala Khel 169 Mianwali
Balani 167 Chenab Colony
Pandah 165 Multan
Des 158 Mianwali
Markhand 155 Bahawalpur
Hannial 155 Rawalpindi
Mundra 150 Rawalpindi
Targar 150 Jhang
Matmal 149 Jhang
Dagur 148 Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Kalu Khel 147 Mianwali
Lidhar 141 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Gallat 138 Rohtak
Phal 135 Rawalpindi
Walana 132 Rawalpindi
Sian 131 Chenab Colony
Birkan 130 Mianwali
Chal 123 Multan
Sangah 123 Bahawalpur
Tatla 117 Chenab Colony
Sahrawat 108 Karnal, Rohtak and Gurgaon
Hasnana 104 Jhang
Khalis 102 Rawalpindi
Narwal 101 Karnal
Dalal 97 Hissar, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Bandecha 90 Lahore
Chandhran 76 Multan
Kookara 55 Jhang
Ahlawat 48 Rohtak
Baidwan 47 Ambala
Rohal 44 Karnal and Rohtak
Dhankar 42 Delhi and Rohtak
Sheoran 37 Hissar and Karnal
Salakhlan 25 Rohtak
Gulia 17 Rohtak and Delhi
Sethi 14 Ludhiana
Boparai 13 Ludhiana
Aujla Malerkotla 11
Kadian 11 Karnal

 

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1911 Census of India

Below is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population according to the 1911 Census of Punjab. I would also the reader to look at my post Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans, and their present distribution. I would also ask the reader to look at my post on the Muslim Rajput Clans of Punjab according to the 1911 Census.

Prior to 1947, Punjab consisted of the following territories:

Punjab (British India): British Territory and Princely States
Division Districts in British Territory / Princely States
Delhi Division
Jullundur Division
Lahore Division
Rawalpindi Division
Multan Division
Total area, British Territory 97,209 square miles
Native States
Total area, Native States 36,532 square miles
Total area, Punjab 133,741 square miles

Source Wikipedia

Punjab 1909.jpg

Map of British Punjab: Source Wikipedia

Tribe Population Distribution
Gondal
68,850 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Jhang, and Rawalpindi
Warriach 67,191 Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Shahpur, Jhelum, Lyallpur, and Multan
Sidhu 62,665 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Faridkot, Patiala, Nabha, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Lyallpur, Montgomery, and Multan
Sandhu 54,649 Karnal, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Patiala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Shahpur, and Rawalpindi
Bhatti 41,529 Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Shahpur, Gujrat, Jhelum, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Montgomery, Multan and Bahawalpur
Cheema 37,076 Nabha, Jullundur, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Firozpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, and Lyallpur
Khokhar 33,032 Hisar, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Jhang, Lyallpur, Muzaffargarh, and  Bahawalpur
Virk 26,028 Nabha, Patiala, Jalandhar, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, Montgomery, Lyallpur and Multan
Gill 25,146 Nabha, Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Lyallpur, Montgomery, and Multan
Kharal 24,702 Hisar, Jalandhar, Faridkot, Firozpur, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Lyallpur, Multan and Bahawalpur
Bajwa 23,501 Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur and Lyallpur
Tarar 22,351 Hoshiarpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur and Lyallpur
Sial 21,251 Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur, Faridkot, Firozpur, Lahore, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Rawalpindi, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali and Bahawalpur
Awan 21,098 Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Jhang, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Chadhar/Chandher 19,396 Firozpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, Jhang, Lyallpur, Multan, and Bahawalpur
Chhina 19,135 Ludhiana, Kapurthala, Firozpur, Faridkot, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur, Lyallpur, Jhang, Multan, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Ranjha 18,411 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Attock, and Shahpur
Bhutta 16,772 Faridkot, Firozpur, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Parhar 15,392 Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargah, Jhang, and Multan
Joiya 15,374 Hisar, Firozpur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Jhang, Lyallpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Ghumman 13,826 Patiala, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Lyallpur and Montgomery
Mahaar 12,945 Hisar, Patiala, Nabha, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Montgomery, Multan and Bahawalpur
Hanjra 12,844 Hisar, Patiala, Faridkot, Firozpur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Jhang, Montgomery, Muzaffargarh and Multan
Thaheem 11,974 Firozpur, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Jhang Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Kahlon 11,942 Firozpur, Faridkot, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot and Gujranwala
Chachar 11,783 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Jhelum, Shahpur,Montgomery, Lyallpur, Jhang, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Dhillon 11,561 Hisar, Jind, Ambala, Nabha, Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lyallpur, and Montgomery
Bains /Waince 11,487 Karnal, Ambala, Jind, Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Lyallpur, Muzaffargarh, and Montgomery
Jora 10,166 Hisar, Karnal, Firozpur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum,  Shahpur, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Multan
Khichi 10,067 Hisar, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali Jhang, Montgomery, Lyallpur, Multan and Bahawalpur
Noon 9,984 Gujranwala, Jhelum, Shahpur, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Harral 9,553 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Jhang, Lyallpur and Multan
Panwar or Puar 9,367 Jind, Patiala, Amritsar, Firozpur,  Lahore, Sialkot, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jhang, Lyallpur, Montgomery, Muzaffargarh, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, and Bahawalpur
Randhawa 9,261 Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Faridkot, Firozpur, Amritsar, Gurdaspur,  Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lyallpur, and Multan
Lak 9,129 Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Lyallpur, Multan and Bahawalpur
Goraya 8,707 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur and Lyallpur
Nonari 8,236 Firozpur, Montgomery, Jhang, Lyallpur, Muzaffargarh, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Chauhan 8,213 Ambala, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and  Bahawalpur
Langah 8,170 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Aujla 8,153 Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot and Lyallpur
Sahi 7,947 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Lyallpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Soomra 7,742 Shahpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan and Bahawalpur
Chande / Chand 7,694 Hisar, Patiala, Firozpur, Lahore and Sialkot
Thathaal 7,550 Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Sialkot, Jhelum, Shahpur and Rawalpindi
Malana 7,237 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Dhudhi 7,193 Firozpur, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Montgomery, Muzaffargarh, and Bahawalpur
Chahal 6,914 Hisar, Karnal, Jind, Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur, Montgomery and Lyallpur
Bulla 6,691 Multan and Bahawalpur
Babbar 6,657 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Bandar / Wandar 6,465 Hisar, Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Firuzpur, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali, Montgomery, Multan and Muzaffargarh
Dhamial 6,232 Shahpur, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Jhammat 6,206 Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Lyallpur, Multan and Bahawalpur
Daha 6,041 Montgomery, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Heer 6,013 Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jullundur, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Jhang and Dera Ghazi Khan
Chatha 5,963 Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Lyallpur and Multan
Sipra 5,886 Jalandhar, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Shahpur, Jhelum, Lyallpur, Jhang, Muzaffargarh,  and Multan
Mekan 5,435 Firozpur, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur, Multan and Muzaffargarh
Targar 5,359 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Ghallu 5,313 Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Bohar 5,308 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Maan 5,261 Patiala, Jind, Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Jullundur, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, and Lyallpur
Bab 5,257 Dera Ghazi Khan
Ghatwala also known as Malik 5,144 Hisar, Delhi, Karnal, Rohtak, Jind State, and Firozpur
Bassi 5,090 Ambala, Kapurthala, Jalandhar, Lahore and Lyallpur
Langrial 4,489 Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur,  Rawalpindi, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Mahra 4,810 Lahore, Sialkot, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Bangial 4,798 Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Sandhila 4,566 Shahpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Maitla 4,497 Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Jhelum, Shahpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Multan, Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Lali 4,852 Hoshiarpur,Sialkot, Gujrat,  Shahpur, Jhelum, Jhang, and Montgomery
Aulakh 4,486 Nabha, Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Montgomery and  Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhariwal 4,449 Jind, Patiala, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Lyallpur and Montgomery
Basra 4,417 Hisar, Faridkot, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Gujrat
Dahar or Dahiri 4,391 Ludhiana, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Montgomery, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Naich 4,379 Mianwali, Jhang, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Bhullar 4,358 Hisar, Jind, Nabha, Patiala, Ambala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Multan, and Lyallpur
Manjotha 4,348 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Chaughata 4,201 Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Jakhar 4,102 Hisar, Karnal, Jind, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur, Multan, Montgomery, Mianwali,  Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Malak 4,042 Bahawalpur
Lang 4,039 Firozpur, Shahpur, Montgomery, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Hans 4,019 Hisar, Nabha, Patiala, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Gujranwala, Shahpur,  Muzaffargarh, Montgomery, Multan and Bahawalpur
Khera or Khaira 3,958 Jullundur, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Faridkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Lyallpur, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Kang 3,887 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Jullundur, Ludhiana, Kapurthala, Firozpur, Faridkot, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, and Lyallpur
Sahu 3,864 Shahpur, Montgomery, Lyallpur, Jhang, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Atwal 3,850 Ambala, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lyallpur, Multan and Bahawalpur
Maij 3,786 Bahawalpur
Mangat 3,748 Ambala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Lyallpur and Montgomery
Sangi 3,697 Ambala, Patiala, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Kapurthala, Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Joota 3,664 Hisar, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Lyallpur, Jhang, Muzaffargarh and Multan
Gujar 3,653 Hisar, Firozpur, Shahpur, Montgomery, Lyallpur, Jhang, Multan and  Muzaffargarh
Batth 3,550 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Lahore, Amritsar, Siakot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum and Lyallpur
Mahil 3,540 Hisar, Gurgaon, Jind, Ambala, Kalsia, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Firozpur, Sialkot, Lahore, Montgomery and Lyallpur
Kanyal 3,872 Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur and Mianwali
Nahra 3,484 Jind, Hisar, Jhelum, Shahpur, Mianwali, Jhang and Lyallpur
Punia 3,442 Hisar, Karnal, Ambala, Jind, Patiala, Malerkotla, Ludhiana, Lyallpur and Multan
Naul 3,372 Gujranwala, Montgomery, Lyallpur, Jhang and Multan
Kalyal 3,168 Shahpur, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Khak 3,161 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Bilar 3,147 Multan
Buttar 3,067 Patiala, Faridkot, Firozpur, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Attock, Mianwali, and Dera Ghazi Khan
Lurka 3,038 Gujranwala, Lyallpur, Jhang and Multan
Sahotra 3,035 Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhang, Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Mangat 2,962 Patiala, Ambala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Montgomery and Lyallpur
Sujal 2,954 Shahpur, Mianwali and Bahawalpur
Janjua 2,876 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Lyallpur and Muzaffargarh
Badhan 2,856 Karnal,  Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Muzaffargarh and Multan
Rehan 2,847 Lahore, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, Jhang and Multan
Sarai 2,827 Jullundur, Ludhiana, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Minhas 2,825 Firozpur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Shahpur and Lyallpur
Jammun 2,784 Faridkot, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Mianwali, Multan, Muzaffargarh, Montgomery, and Bahawalpur
Lidhar 2,774 Hoshiarpur, Jullundur, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Faridkot, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Multan and Lyallpur
Lakaul 2,675 Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Lodike 2,675 Gujranwala
Aheer 2,647 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Multan and Lyallpur
Raan / Rawn 2,616 Firozpur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Lyallpur, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Lodhra 2,571 Jalandhar, Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur, Mianwali, Multan, Muzafargarh and Bahawalpur
Kachela 2,517 Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan and Mianwali
Wehi 2,509 Multan
Arar 2,478 Shahpur, Jhelum, Montgomery, Mianwali and Jhang
Dosanjh 2,473 Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Firozpur and Kapurthala
Khakhi 2,418 Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Wahla 2,416 Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, and Lyallpur
Kallu 2,403 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Lahore, Mianwali, Jhang, and Muzaffargrh
Uttera 2,392 Shahpur, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Jajularu 2,379 Multan
Asar 2,352 Shahpur, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Multan
Makwal 2,309 Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, and Bahawalpur
Talokar 2,307 Jhelum, Mianwali, Shahpur, and Jhang
Jangal 2,298 Jhelum, Shahpur, Jhang, and Muzaffargarh
Dhaku 2,295 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Montgomery, and Bahawalpur
Jhandir 2,294 Ambala, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, and Montgomery
Kalasra 2,275 Firozpur, Muzaffargarh, and Mianwali
Lar 2,238 Karnal, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, Montgomery, and Bahawalpur
Waseer 2,266 Firozpur, Lahore, Montgomery, Lyallpur, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Auler Khel 2,244 Mianwali
Rajoke 2,243 Jhang, Lyallpur
Dhal 2,210 Lahore, Shahpur, Mianwali and Jhang
Arain 2,192 Multan
Uttra 2,162 Shahpur, Jhang and Muzaffargarh
Bhakral 2,147 Jhelum
Pannun 2,138 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Multan and Lyallpur
Chapal 2,120 Jalandhar and Bahawalpur
Marath 2,101 Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, and Lyallpur
Lohan 2,085 Hisar, Karnal, Rohtak, Ludhiana, Sialkot, Gujrat and Lyallpur
Gadri 2,071 Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Gadra 2,071 Hisar, Rohtak, Jind State and Patiala State
Lona 2,062 Jhang and Lyallpur
Khatarmal 2,040 Gujrat and Jhelum
Sambar 2,030 Amritsar and Dera Ghazi Khan
Sohal 2,005 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatril 2,004 Rawalpindi
Ves 1,987 Amritsar, Shahpur, Jhelum, and Jhang
Baidwan 1,976 Hissar, Karnal, Ambala and Patiala
Deo 1,961 Jind, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot, and Gujrat
Nagyal 1,933 Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Gujrat and Lyallpur
Barra 1,927 Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Muzaffargarh, Jhang and Dera Ghazi Khan
Aulara 1,915 Mianwali
Jandi 1,912 Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, and Gujrat
Chattar 1,911 Hoshiarpur, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Shahpur and Jhelum
Shajra 1,972 Lahore, Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Khar 1,853 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur 
Nanwa 1,833 Bahawalpur
Bhasa 1,829 Multan
Bhangu 1,827 Patiala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujrat and Jhang
Adohana 1,827 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Barar, Sidhu-Barar 1,815 Firozpur, Gurdaspur, Mianwali, and Dera Ghazi Khan
Raya 1,790 Jhelum
Raad 1,780 Gujrat, Muzaffargarh, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Boparai 1,779 Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Lahore, Sialkot and Gujranwala
Nain 1,770 Hisar, Patiala, Karnal, Delhi and Rohtak
Natt 1,731 Patiala, Gurdaspur, Kapurthala, Gujranwala, Sialkot, and Gujrat
Bhachar 1,719 Mianwali
Marral 1,705 Jhang, and Bahawalpur
Changar 1,704 Lyallpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dakhna 1,700 Dera Ghazi Khan, Multan, and Bahawalpur
Wattu 1,695 Gurdaspur, Firozpur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Shahpur, Jhang and Multan
Tonwar / Tomar 1,691 Bahawalpur
Kalsan 1,690 Jhang, Lyallpur and Montgomery
Gangal 1,681 Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhelum, and Rawalpindi
Panwat 1,676 Bahawalpur
Kamboh 1,667 Mianwali, Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Nagra 1,657 Gurdaspur, Sialkot and Gujrat
Phogat 1,656 Patiala State, Jind State, Hisar, Rohtak and Karnal
Malhi 1,655 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, and Gujranwala
Malil 1,633 Montgomery
Larsan 1,609 Multan
Padda 1,575 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, and Gujrat
Jajalani 1,571 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sandrana 1,553 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Gujrat and Multan
Bhamb 1,552 Shahpur and Mianwali
Kalair 1,530 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, and Jhelum,
Grewal 1,518 Ambala, Jalandhar and Ludhiana and Gujranwala
Chhajra 1,507 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Gilotar 1,497 Gujranwala, Shahpur and Jhang
Kalru 1,488 Muzaffargarh
Mahun 1,471 Jhang
Thind 1,461 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Montgomery
Jaam 1,444 Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Multan, Montgomery, and Bahawalpur
Kanjial 1,433 Gujrat
Sandal 1,413 Multan, Jhang, Lyallpur, and Montgomery
Kianth 1,414 Ambala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Lyallpur, and Montgomery
Sandi 1,391 Shahpur, Multan, Muzaffargarh, and Mianwali
Dahya 1,391 Bahawalpur
Bole 1,349 Hisar, Karnal, Patiala Jalandhar, Kapurthala,  and Gurdaspur
Kundi 1,331 Mianwali
Angra 1,338 Shahpur, Mianwali, Jhang and Muzaffargarh
Bhakkar 1,327 Hisar, Ambala, Kapurthala, Shahpur and Jhelum
Wasli 1,327 Firozpur, Lyallpur and Multan
Tulla 1,311 Shahpur
Kalwar 1,271 Bahawalpur
Khoti 1,268 Jhelum, Gujrat and Shahpur
Bhidwal 1,295 Mianwali
Dawana 1,290 Multan
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur
Bahiniwal 1,268 Jind, Hisar, Karnal and Rohtak
Parohe 1,253 Multan
Nourangi 1,247 Multan
Deval / Deol 1,226 Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Amritsar and Lahore
Sagoo 1,215 Shahpur, Gujrat, Mianwali and Multan
Chani 1,204 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Sohi 1,198 Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Patiala and Gurdaspur
Bagwar 1,179 Multan
Ghagar 1,177 Multan
Mahla 1,160 Hisar, Firozpur, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Bahawalpur
Khinger 1,152 Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana and Jhelum
Matyal 1,147 Jhelum
Sansi 1,140 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore and Lyallpur
Tatri 4,448 Gujrat, Shahpur and Jhang
Johal 1,115 Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Firozpur and Lyallpur
Kanera 1,114 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, and Muzaffargarh
Mahi 1,099 Patiala, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Multan, Lyallpur and Jhang
Jhawari 1,092 Shahpur
Sadraj 1,091 Multan
Bar 1,084 Jhang and Lyallpur
Dhar 1,074 Bahawalpur
Bara 1,073 Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Jhang
Samma 1,236 Firozpur, Multan and Bahawalpur
Kalia 1,059 Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Aishiani 1,058 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khat 1,055 Shahpur
Gorchhi 1,054 Mianwali
Gauja 1,047 Bahawalpur
Kadhar / Kadher 1,045 Jhang
Kudhan 1,045 Jhang
Pansota 1,041 Hoshiarpur and Lyallpur
Dara 1,040 Multan
Uppal 1,037 Nabha, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur, and Lyallpur
Marhal also sometimes called Mandal 1,037 Patiala, Karnal and Lyallpur
Kalhora 1,031 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Panghal 1,027 Hisar, Karnal, Gurgaon and Rohtak
Gujjral 1,020 Gujrat and Jhelum
Thabal 1,019 Jhang
Banas 1,017 Hisar, Delhi, Jalandhar and Firozpur
Sahmal 994 Jhang
Lakhiwal 994 Jind and Patiala
Chhaj 981 Muzaffargarh, Lyallpur, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Duran 977 Bahawalpur
Chachakar 974 Multan
Sadhari 974 Multan
Bandhel 968 Patiala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar, Amritsar, and Gurdaspur
Shakhani 961 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chozan 958 Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Maru 956 Jhang
Dhandla 949 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chimar 947 Bahawalpur
Samitah 943 Bahawalpur
Kamoka 943 Lyallpur and Jhang
Burana 935 Shahpur
Maho 934 Multan and Montgomery
Saand / Saund 933 Mianwali and Bahawalpur
Siana 933 Multan
Chanal 919 Multan
Hidan 914 Jhang
Katwal 912 Bahawalpur
Mandahar 909 Patiala, and Ludhiana
Dakha 908 Patiala, Rohtak, and Karnal
Suddle 896 Multan, and Bahawalpur
Batwani 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Samdana 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kakrial 894 Bahawalpur
Pumma 893 Mianwali
Hatiar 881 Gujrat Sialkot, Shahpur and Jhelum
Samra 880 Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, and Gujranwala
Phor 867 Karnal, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Firozpur, Shahpur, Mianwali, Montgomery and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalera 855 Shahpur and Mianwali
Dhandu 844 Bahawalpur
Autrah 843 Muzaffargarh
Domra 822 Dera Ghazi Khan
Pattiwala 816 Multan
Awrah 814 Jhang
Sapral 807 Montgomery and Lyallpur
Basar 807 Multan
Baghoor 807 Shahpur
Phaphra 802 Jhelum
Sattar 801 Jhang
Gandhu 795 Nabha, Patiala, Karnal, Ambala and Hoshiarpur
Koral 794 Bahawalpur
Darakhe 785 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahiniwal 782 Shahpur, Jhang and Lyallpur (Faisalabad)
Unu 777 Mianwali
Chavan 775 Multan
Hanbi 769 Dera Ghazi Khan
Langra 766 Multan
Kanwan 760 Amritsar, Shahpur, Jhang, and Lyallpur
Sailigar 757 Multan
Mahla 755 Hisar, Jind, Ludhiana, Gujranwala, Jhelum, and Muzaffargarh
Parkar 753 Multan
Bandechha 750 Amritsar, Gujranwala and Lyallpur
Tama 746 Jhelum and Gujrat
Dahral 738 Shahpur
Khanda 734 Jhelum
Hujjan 733 Dera Ghazi Khan
Atral 733 Bahawalpur
Godara 733 Patiala, Jind, Hisar and Lyallpur
Bhatia 733 Bahawalpur
Malhan 732 Dera Ghazi Khan
Hundal 725 Amritsar, Attock, Lyallpur and Montgomery 
Khaloti 720 Dera Ghazi Khan
Otrai 718 Dera Ghazi Khan
Auntal 716 Karnal, Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Kalyar 715 Gujrat, Shahpur and Jhang
Bal 714 Karnal, Ambala, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, and Gujranwala
Rai 714 Ambala, Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala,
Ludhiana, Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, and Gujranwala
Jatal 710 Jhelum
Ghogha 710 Jhelum
Aujhanra 705 Sialkot
Hansi 691 Mianwali
Dangar 689 Bahawalpur
Rongia 689 Multan
Jhalli 686 Patiala, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, and Lyallpur
Purewal 675 Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Shaikha 674 Multan
Mahran 673 Multan
Mander 664 Patiala, Rohtak, Kapurthala Firozpur and Lyallpur
Mohana 663 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makkal 662 Mianwali
Asran 662 Mianwali
Mangil 656 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sangra 653 Mianwali
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Meo 641 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhol 638 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhadro 638 Montgomery and Multan
Kaloke 638 Lyallpur
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur
Ganda 637 Rawalpindi
Ghani 628 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manela 628 Bahawalpur
Dhindsa 627 Jind, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala and Gujrat
Tarka 621 Patiala, Karnal, Rohtak, and Ambala
Jandral 618 Jhelum
Ruk 618 Multan
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aura 610 Rawalpindi
Chandram 608 Multan
Kalhar 607 Mianwali
Bagar 623 Multan and Patiala
Samachi 599 Multan
Lohchab 598 Hisar, Karnal, and Firozpur
Panjootha 596 Gujrat and Shahpur
Abra / Abro 592 Gujrat, Shahpur, Jhang, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Ghorhawal 591 Mianwali
Bhander 589 Shahpur
Chahura 587 Mianwali
Bagril 586 Gujrat
Athar 581 Bahawalpur
Pukhowara 581 Multan
Hariar 579 Jhelum
Lapra 579 Multan
Brakha 579 Shahpur
Charal 578 Multan
Rayar 578 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Serwal 572 Jhelum
Kajla 558 Hisar, Firozpur, Sialkot and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kande 557 Bahawalpur
Kabru 554 Dera Ghazi Khan
Jarola 550 Shahpur
Samri 549 Multan
Dohan 549 Hisar, Rohtak and Gujrat
Hindan 541 Rawalpindi
Kathal 538 Bahawalpur
Masson 537 Bahawalpur
Jauson 531 Lyallpur
Sanghera 525 Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bir 524 Multan
Samtia 524 Mianwali
Dhamtal 520 Rawalpindi
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur
Sekhon 508 Firozpur, Lahore, Amritsar and Gujranwala
Bhawan 508 Shahpur
Deshwal 507 Hisar, Karnal and Rohtak
Chawali 506 Bahawalpur
Khinge 506 Lyallpur
Nissowana 505 Shahpur
Adhian 499 Jhang, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kohawer 496 Mianwali
Gulia 473 Delhi, Patiala, Hoshiarpur and Sialkot
Billan 458 Patiala, Ambala and Hoshiarpur
Bangar 458 Hisar, Karnal and and Hoshiarpur
Bans 432 Patiala
Lohanch 420 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Chuna 415 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Khor / Khod 400 Hisar
Ghangas 363 Hisar and Jind
Dagur 363 Hisar, Gurgaon and Rohtak
Shergill 355 Patiala, Ludhiana, Gujranwala and Gujrat
Barang 348 Hisar, Jind, Ambala, Patiala, and Hoshiarpur
Dullat 328 Hisar, Patiala, Jind State, and Karnal
Bhalan 321 Karnal, Patiala, and Hoshiarpur
Dhawe 304 Patiala, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Ghahi 301 Multan
Hattar 285 Jhelum and Shapur
Banon 285 Gujranwala
Turkhel 255 Mianwali
Bhalotia 242 Ludhiana
Sehwag / Sohag 225 Hisar, Jind and Patiala
Jassar 225 Patiala, Hoshiarpur and Ludhiana
Mami 223 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Janjhar 223 Patiala
Tiwana 216 Patiala
Pawania 207 Hisar, Karnal and Patiala
Balagan 199 Gujrat and Sialkot
Basati 198 Patiala and Ambala
Narwal 191 Hisar and Firozpur
Dhandhe 187 Firozpur, Ludhiana and Patiala
Khandi 181 Hisar and Jind
Jatana 176 Hisar, Karnal and Patiala
Sudhan 175 Rawalpindi
Sheoran 174 Hisar and Gurgaon
Dabdal 173 Hisar and Karnal
Arwal 166 Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Jawanda 163 Patiala and Nabha
Rathi / Rathee 163 Hisar and Rohtak
Jawana 163 Patiala
Agrawal 160 Hisar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Firozpur
Kadian 153 Delhi, Karnal and Ambala
Baghial 149 Rawalpindi
Nagyana 144 Shahpur
Lahar 129 Hisar and Firozpur
Maalta 121 Multan
Bore 120 Gurgaon and Patiala
Raparia 119 Patiala and Hisar
Achlana 118 Muzaffargarh
Mandi 114 Jalandhar, Ludhiana and Patiala
Sunar 107 Rohtak
Khatri 105 Delhi, Karnal and Rohtak
Narwan 100 Hisar, Karnal and Patiala
Kali Rauni 95 Patiala
Gailan 91 Hisar and Jalandhar
Awal 80 Jalandhar annd Faridkot
Maghial 72 Rawalpindi
Ahlawat 70 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Saran 67 Rohtak
Lamba 65 Patiala
Sodhi 65 Patiala
Bachal 63 Ambala
Sawaich 60 Hisar
Sarwara 58 Patiala
Hari 49 Patiala
Gurne 48 Patiala
Boria 46 Rawalpindi
Dhankhar 45 Patiala
Baliyan 43 Rohtak
Rattiwal 37 Patiala
Dandiwal 34 Hisar
Bator 33 Patiala
Dalal 33 Rohtak
Chanhan 26 Hisar
Mial 25 Rawalpindi
Jaglan 25 Hisar
Kandoe 24 Patiala
Maindal 22 Patiala
Sarao 17 Patiala
Sinhmar 14 Jind

List and Population of Jat clans of the Rawalpindi Division According 1901 Census of India

Below is a list of Muslim Jat clans and their population in the Rawalpindi Division of Punjab, drawn up for 1901 Census of India. Please also read my introduction for the 1911 Census on the Jat clans to give you some background. Almost all the population that professed to be Jat were Muslim, with exception of Kharian Tehsil of Gujrat District, which was home several Hindu Wariach Jats.

Rawalpindi District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 46,061, of which 43,853 (95%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aura 1,660
Badhan 246
Baghial 647
Bains 1,388
Bhagiara 270
Chatha 130
Chhina 653
Dhamial 2,203
Dhamtal 695
Gangal 325
Gill 373
Gondal 958
Hanial 155
Harial 194
Hattial 222
Heer 428
Hindan 489
Jatal 395
Jodhra 5,157
Kalial 1,791
Kanial 954
Kassar 105
Khalis 102
Khatril 1,578
Khor 389
Langrial 120
Lodhra 134
Magial 596
Magrial 486
Mangral 226
Matyal 314
Mial 599
Mundra 150
Phira 164
Phul 135
Salhal 215
Sandhu 99
Sangal 427
Sial 618
Sudhan 1,765
Tama 231
Thathaal 534
Walana 112
Wariach 347

Jhelum District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 73,364, of which 72,763 (99%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Badhan 248
Bains 962
Bhakral 585
Bhatti 2,053
Bhutta 678
Chadhar 121
Chauhan 224
Dhudhi 352
Gondal 879
Harral 460
Heer 243
Janjua 120
Jhammat 929
Kanial 1,990
Kassar 111
Langah 482
Mahil 320
Minhas 824
Ranjha 236
Sahi 445
Sial 126
Tarar 758
Thaheem 139
Wariach 388

Gujrat District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 198,075, of which 192,000 (97%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

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Tribe Total
Bains 478
Bajwa 532
Bhullar 106
Bhutta 373
Chatha 812
Cheema 2,923
Chhina 287
Dhariwal 388
Dhillon 568
Dhotar 1,513
Ghumman 739
Gill 503
Goraya 148
Harral 158
Heer 1,654
Hanjra 2,338
Jakhar 235
Kang 1,183
Langrial 3,702
Mangat 1,031
Marral 168
Pannun 242
Randhawa 298
Sahi 4,498
Sandhu 228
Sarai 661
Sidhu 2,157
Sipra 1,259
Sohal 374
Tarar 14,531
Virk 775
Wariach 37,805

Shahpur District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 63,876, of which 63,649 (99%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aulakh 103
Bains 613
Bhachar 166
Bhatti 3,864
Bhutta 1,298
Burana 657
Chadhar 3,303
Chhina 538
Hanjra 528
Harral 1,849
Heer 553
Hurgan 236
Jhawari 1,092
Jora 718
Lak 2,197
Lali 531
Lala 357
Langah 604
Mahil 181
Mangat 226
Marath 548
Nissowana 518
Panjootha 966
Rehan 1,567
Sahi 164
Sidhu 100
Sipra 1,382
Tarar 1,223
Thaheem 288
Tulla 1,403
Virk 318
Wariach 445

Mianwali District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 137,665, all of whom were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Asar 1,377
Atar Khel 181
Atra 652
Aulakh 1,887
Aura 232
Autrah 1,075
Bains 353
Bedha 472
Bhachar 1.422
Bhadwal 1,207
Bhatti 1,880
Bhullar 483
Bhumla 793
Bhutta 778
Birkan 130
Budhwana 366
Chadhar 1,226
Chandhar 235
Chhajra 367
Chhina 1,580
Dab 103
Deo 915
Des 158
Dhandla 286
Dharal 419
Dhariwal 184
Dhillon 949
Dhudhi 335
Dumra 585
Gandhi 1,288
Ghallu 818
Gill 190
Goraya 365
Gorchar 807
Hanbi 336
Hans 498
Harral 347
Heer 603
Janjua 573
Jatal 164
Jakhar 1,229
Jhammat 507
Joiya 670
Kahlon 442
Kalasra 918
Kallu 1,301
Kallu Khel 147
Khandoa 1,278
Khera 176
Kohawer 1,020
Lak 452
Langah 704
Langrial 222
Lohanch 676
Mallana 454
Naul 229
Pala Khel 169
Rawana 215
Saggu 434
Sahgra 321
Sahi 963
Samtia 1,007
Saandh 948
Sandhila 701
Saandi 410
Sarai 150
Sawag 460
Srb 1,144
Sial 2,945
Sohal 435
Soomra 930
Talokar 1,096
Thaheem 352
Turkhel 1,344
Turk 1,499
Waghora 173
Wawana 258

Hattar, Lak, Nagyana and Tatri tribes

In this post, I shall look at three clans that are found in uplands of the Chenab and Jhelum Doaba (land in between). All four clans, namely the Hattar, Lak, Nagyana and Tatri were once semi-nomadic pastoralists, that inhabited the Kirana Bar or at least the Jech Doab, the land between Jhelum and Chenab river. Kirana Bar is a portion of the Chej Doáb, it takes its name from the Kirana Hills found here. This region is now divided between the Sargodha and Jhang districts. Bar stands for an area of jungle as it was before colonisation by the British Government. This area starts from the northwest of Hissár country near the bank of river Chenab with an abrupt high ridge and this high bank of bar dies away a little distance east of the boundary of between the Chiniot and Jhang tehsils, opposite the village of Kot Mohla. The lands of the Kirana Bár to the east and south of the hills are of superb quality. After slight showers of rain, the whole country is carpeted with grass. This meant that pastoralism was the best form of lifestyles. The Lak and Nagyana had huge herds of cattle. Like the Thal tribes discussed in earlier posts, the Kirana nomads were practically independent until the coming of the Sikhs. Other then the Baloch of Sahiwal (in Sargodha), the region did not know any princely authority. Real change came with the British, who began last scale colonization, bringing in settlers from central Punjab. The Tatri were the first two be settled, followed by the Lak and Nagyana. The Nagyana difers from the other Bar Jats in that they have always been seen as sacred, with many pirs coming from the tribe.

Hattar

I shall start of by looking at the Hattar, a tribe found through out north-west Punjab. Before I start, as far as I know the Hattar have no connection with the Khattar tribe. According to their owntraditions, the tribe claims descent from a Bhatti Rajput nobleman named Rana Rajwadhan. The Rana lived in Ghazni, in what is now Afghanistan and then moved to Delhi in India. After sometime, he moved to Bhatner (now known as Hanumangarh) in what is now northern Rajasthan. In the 13th Century, the Rana and his family are said to have moved to Chanb Kalyar, in what is now the Lodhran District, in Punjab. The ruler of the area was a Raja Bhutta. The Raja wanted to marry the daughter of Rajwadhan, who refused. As a result a battle took place, and the Raja was slain. The tract was then divided between Rajwadhan, and his five sons, Kalyar, Utera, Kanju, Noon and Hattar. All these are names of fairly well known tribes of south Punjab, and have much in common with tribes referred to my first post, such as the Aheer, being largely nomadic and pastoral.

Coming now back to the Hattars, the descendents of Hattar are said to have converted to Islam and left the Multan region, and moved to northwest Punjab, where they are a now found as a Rajput tribe. Therefore, they are a clan of Bhatti Rajputs, although some Hattar groups in Sargodha refer to themselves as Jats. The Hattar are now found in the districts of Sargodha, Khushab, Jhelum, Gujrat, Chakwal, and Attock. Starting off with Attock, the Hattar are found in a single village by the name of Hattar., while in neighbouring Chakwal, their villages include Hattar, Dhudial, Fim Kasar, Jhallay, Jethal and Assami Hattar, while in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil, their main villages are Dhok Hattar and Hattar. And finally in Gujrat District, Hattar is their main village. It is however Sargodha District and in particular in Bhalwal Tehsil, that the bulk of the Hattars are found. Important villages iin that tehsil include Chak numbers 15 and 16NB, Jalpana and Pindi Hattar, while in Shahpur Tehsil of Sargodha, their villages are Deowal, Ghurtala, Kakewala, Khurshid and Rawal. Across the Jhelum in Khushab, they are found in Pillow Waince.

Lak
The Lak claim descent from the Parmara (Panwar) Rajputs, and were originally found alongs the banks of the Chenab river, but were ousted by the Sikhs in the 18th Century from this region. Their ancestor was Lak, who like most Panwar Rajputs is said to have left Malwa in central India, arrived in Punjab, and converted to Islam. They are now found mainly in Sargodha District, with few communities in Faisalabad, Mandi Bahauddin Sahiwal and Multan Districts. Most Lak villages are located between Malakwal and Sargodha, with Burj Ghulam Rasool, Mari Lak, Sakesar and Mitha Lak being the most important. In neighbouring Mandi Bahauddin district, they are found in the villages of Bosaal Masoor, Lak, Thakkar Kalan, and Pind Makko. In neighbouring Jhelum District, they are found in the village of Pir Khara, while in Khushab District they are found in Khaliqabad.

Nagyana

Lastly, I look at the Nagyana, who are closely affiliated with the Lak, which I have looked at in an another post. Although they claim Arab descent from a Nag, hence Nag aana, the sons of Nag, this name does suggest that they may be of Hindu descent. Interestingly, in the Pothohar region, the Nagyal are also literally the children of Nag, but these Nag descendants claim to be Minhas Rajputs. The tribe is extremely localized, found in villages, such as Dharema and Masar,  near the town of Shahpur in Sargodha District. Historically they had a sacred status among their neighbours the Harrals and Laks, providing many pirs or holymen.

Tatri

The Tatri are Jats, which customs similar to the tribes already described. They claim descent from Tatri, who is said to be a Bhatti Rajput. As with the traditions of many other Jat clans in Sargodha region, by marrying into the Jat community, they too became Jat. In Bhalwal, the Tatri occupied seven villages, maintaining their independence until the arrival of the Sikh. In Bhalwal, they are still found mainly in Lariala, Nothain, Jahanewala, Dhakwan, and Tatrian. Outside Bhalwal, a few Tatri are also found in Mandi Bahauddin District such in village Sanda.

 

Kahut, Kassar and Mair Minhas tribes of the Chakwal Dhani

In this post I shall look at three tribes that are found in the Dhani region of Chakwal. The Dhani is a large plain, the centre of which now stands the city of Chakwal. These three tribes, namely, the Kassar, Kahut and Mair-Minhas are intimately connected with the history of the Dhani.
The area of Dhanni for a long time in history was an uninhabited. Although the powerful tribes like Ghakkars and Janjuas ruled the adjoining territories in Potohar, the Kahoon valley and the ancient Thirchak Mahal, Dhanni remained a hunting ground for the various local rulers. As the tradition goes, in the year 1190 C.E, Raja Bhagir Dev, a Jamwal prince, while on a hunting expedition fell in love with a Muslim woman belonging to a tribe of wandering Gujjar grazers. In order to marry her, he converted to Islam and consequently was asked by his father to stay away from Jammu and settle in this tract along with his men. Raja Bhagir Dev was named Muhammed Mair after his conversion to Islam and his descendants as Mair-Minhas Rajputs. The Mairs preferred pastoral rather than agricultural pursuits for the next few centuries; but remained confined to this area. When around 1525 C.E, the Mughal King Babur stopped by in this area on his way to Kashmir, his army was ambushed by the hostile tribes from the adjoining areas. Babar decided not to confront the Mair, but instead invited Raja Sidhar and offered him two thirds of the land of Dhanni, if he provided labour to help the Kassar tribesmen to drain the water from the great lake which then covered all the eastern part of the tehsil, up to the ridge followed by the Bhon-Dhudial road. Raja Sidhar, chief of the Mair-Minhas Rajputs and Gharka Kassar, chief of the Kassars, a Mughal sub-tribe took up the job along with their respective tribesmen. They drained the lake water by cutting through Ghori- Gala, by which the Bunha stream now flows. Subsequently, they proceeded to divide up the country. The Emperor also awarded them the title of Chaudhry, and administration of the newly formed Taluka, which ever since has been called Dhan Chaurasia or Maluki Dhanâ Chaudhry. Sidhar, settled villages named after his sons Chaku, Murid and Karhan and as Chaku Khan became the chief, he decided to settle in Chakwal, the village named after him and make it the administrative centre of the Taluka. Whereas, Kassar chiefs founded the villages of Bal-Kassar and Dhudial. Latter, the Kahuts, a tribe of Qureshi Arabs also arrived, completing the picture.

Before I giver a more detailed description of the three tribes, just a note about the Dhani country or Chakwal Tehsil as it known as now, other then the three tribes referred to, it also home to several Jat clans such as the Bhutta, Gondal, Hurgan, Jethal, Lilla and Phaphra, who now make up a third of the population of the Dhani. Therefore the Dhani is no longer the exclusive patrimony of these three tribes.

Kahut

I will start off by looking at Kahut sometimes pronounced as Koot (especially in Sargodha), Kut or Kahout. Like most Punjabi tribes, there are several traditions as to their origin.

Most Kahut now claim to be Qureshi Arabs, whose ancestors settled in the Dhani after the arrival of the Mair. It is believed that when the ancestors of the Kahut first arrived in this area they had to fight with the locals to find a place to settle. This war is said to have taken place at the location of the village of Janga in Chakwal District, which is derived from ‘Jang Gah’, meaning place of war. About the year A.D.1359 their ancestor Said Nawab Ali, nicknamed Kahut, migrated to Delhi, and on the way defeated a pagan king of Sialkot, named Sain Pal. On reaching Delhi they paid their respect to the Delhi Sultan who ordered them to hold the Dhanni and the Salt Range on his behalf. They accordingly retraced their steps and settled at the foot of the Salt Range. Once settled, they began to tax the Janjua and the Gujar graziers and remitting it to Delhi. Their first settlement in the Dhani was at a site near village Waryamal. The eastern part of Dhanni was then a lake, which on coming of Mughal Emperor Babur was drained at his command; the Kahuts taking part in the work and colonising the land. Chaudhry Sahnsar, 8th in descent from Kahut was their ancestor at the time of the drainage of the lake. During the Mughal period (around 15th Century), the Kahut rose to prominence until there power was destroyed by the Sikhs in 18th Century. The southern part of Chakwal tehsil where Kahuts predominate is still known as the Kahutani, a reflexion of their past dominance. Sometime during the Sikh period, groups of Kahut immigrated to Sargodha and Mandi Bahauddin. In the local Shahpuri dialect of Saegodha, they are referred to as Koot, and like most other tribes of the area, they consider themselves and are also considered by all other people as Jats and have intermarried with all the tribes of the area.

However, according to the 19th Century British ethnographer Sir Denzil Ibbetson, the Kahuts are probably of Rajput origin and have come from Jammu hills to Chakwal area. The only evidence of such a migration is are the “Kahuta” hills of the Rawalpindi district are supposed to have derived their name from the tribe, but no record of remains of them in that tract. Other then reference to the Kahuta hills, there seems little connection with Jammu. The Mair, who are their neighbours, have maintained a strong tradition of Jammu migration, so if the Kahut were of Jammu origin, they have at least some tradition.

The most important Kahut family is settled in the village of Kariala in Chakwal. Other Kahut villages include Bhalla, Bhawan, Bhuchal Kalan, Chakora, Dhok Tallian, Dullah, Hasola, Langah, Domali, Musa Kahoot, Kahut, Kassowal, Nikka Kahut, Tatral, Thirpal, Thoha Bahader, Janga, Sadwal, Waryamal and Warwal

In Mandi Bahauddin District, they are found in villages in Union Council Ahla Haryah, and Bhikhi. While in Sargodha, their villages include Pindi Kootan near Bhera, and Kahut in the Sahiwal Tehsil

There is also cluster of Kahut villages in Union Council Khaur of Attock district

Kassar

The next Dhani tribe I will look are the Kassar,which holds lands in the northern part of Dhani, called ‘Babial and Chaupeda’, with the Kahut and Mair located to the east.

According to some tribal traditions, the Kassar came originally from Jammu along with the Mair-Minhas tribe and had been settled in the Dhani during the rule of the Mughal Emperor, Zaheerudin Babur. According to this tradition, their ancestor came from Kashgar and settled in Khalana (near Muzafarabad); they then migrated to Poonch, and eventually accompanied to the Mair when they arrived in the Dhanni country.
However, like most Punjab tribes the above is not their only origin myth, with several other linking them directly to the Mughal dunasty. One such tradition traces their lineage to the Mughal Emperor Babur, with ancestor Kassar (who was said to be a Barlas Mughal) as a distant cousin of Babur. In this origin myth, the Kassar are said to have come with Babur’s army as his fellow tribesmen and were settled in Dhani along with the Mairs and Kahuts by the Emperor himself. According to the 1931 census of India, their male population was approximately 4000. The customs of the Kassar are very similar to the Mair and Kahut, with whom the tribe intermarries. Unlike other Mughals, but like neighbouring Jars such as the Gondal, they use the title Chaudhary. Most Kassar are Sunni, with a Shia minority.

Apart from Chakwal, they are also settled in Attock, Sargodha, Mandi Bahauddin, Gujrat, Khushab, Jhelum, and Rawalpindi districts.

Important Kassar villages in Chakwal include Fim Kassar, Farid Kassar, Balkassar, Balokassar, Sarkal Kassar, Bhagwal, Karsal, Saral, Miswall, Doray, Chauli, Mangwal, Dingi, Munwall, Bikhari Kalan, Kuthiala Sheikhan Bikhari Khurd, Pind Haraj, Dhok Peeli, Dhudial, Tattral, Latifal, Dhalal, Hastal, Maari, Thoha Bahadur, and Lakhwal.

Further south in Sargodha District, there are several Kassar villages in Kot Momin Union Council such as Chak 10sb, 20sb, 9sb, 67sb, 65sb and 66sb. These Kassar originate in the Dhani and moved to Kot Momin in the 19th Century, where the British built canals to improve agriculture and settled Kassar from Chakwal.

Outside these two clusters, important Kassar villages include Kasra in Attock District and Turkwal is situated in Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi.

Clans

Important Kassar clans include the Balkassar, Bhagwal, Chawli, Dullah, Haraj, Karsal, Mangwal, Mehrou

Mair-Minhas of Chakwal

Looking now at the Mair Minhas, the tribe takes its name from Raja Mair, a Jamwal Rajput ruler of Jammu. According to tribal legends, Raja Mair (whose name before his conversion was Raja Bhagir Dev) was son of the Raja of Jammu and had come to the Dhanni area (present day Chakwal) for hunting. He fell in love with a local Muslim Gujjar woman, converted to Islam and married her.
The city of Chakwal is named after their Mair chief, Chaku Khan whose father, Raja Sidhar ruled the area at the time of Mughal ruler Babar]s invasion of India. The Mughal emperor Zaheerudin Babur conferred upon Raja Sidhar, the title of chaudhry and made him the taluqdar (area administrator) over eighty four villages of the Dhani country. The Mair-Minhas tribe rose to further prominence during the short rule of Sher Shah Suri who handed them the control over the adjoining territories, as far as Swan River in Potohar and Kahoon in the South.
However, after the Mughal King [[Humayun]] returned to India with the help of the Persians, he handed over the entire Potohar including Dhani to the Gakhar, who had helped him escape from India during Sher Shah’s revolt.
The Mair-Minhas tribe again rose to power after collapse of Mughal authority as a result of the death of Aurangzeb. They had supported his son Moazzam in his quest for power and in return he re-appointed their chief Gadabeg Khan as the Taluqdar and chaudhry of the ‘Dhan Chaurasi’. Their rule over Dhani continued during the Sikh era as one of their chiefs Chaudhry Ghulam Mehdi had invited Sirdar Maha Singh to this side of river Jhellum. Also, their Dogra cousins Raja Gulab Singh and Dhian Singh were very powerful in the Lahore Durbar, so the influence of Chakwal Chaudhrials during the Sikh era was considerable and they were considered one of the biggest Muslim land holders of the era.
In the Second Anglo-Sikh War at Chaillianwala in 1849, the Chakwal Chaudhrials were among the very few Muslim feudal families who supported the Sikhs. Consequently, after the defeat of the Sikhs all Jagirs and titles of the ‘Chakwal Chaudhrials’ were confiscated. Due to their general good conduct in the mutiny of 1857, some of their rights were restored and small Jagirs were granted to their chiefs in Chakwal. Chief of the tribe Jehan Khan and later his son Aurangzeb Khan were conferred an ‘inam’ of Rs.312/- per annum and the title of “Raja Sahib” as a mark of hereditary distinction. The Chaudhrials of Kot Chaudhrian were able to get more concessions with the aid of Maharaja Gulab Singh and almost half of their original lands were regained.

According to the census of 1931, their male population was 7800. The ‘Chaudhrials’ or the Talukdars reside in the following villages: Kot Sarfraz Khan, Kot Choudrai|, Behkri, Dhudial, Badsahan, Bhoun, Mohra Kudlathi, Murid, Punjain Shariff, Sarkal-Mair, Udhwal, Oudherwal, Dhaab Kalaan Mohra Sheikhan, Mohra Korechisham, Kotha Abdal, Chatal, Sutwal, Karhan, Chak Malook, Chak Norang and Bhagwal.

Langrial, Lodhra and Manais tribes

In this post, I shall look at the tribes that are found mainly in the Neeli Bar, that is the area between the Ravi and Sultlej. The region now covers what is Pakpattan, Vehari and Lodhran districts. Among the three, the Langrial have spread fair widely, and are found as far north as Rawalpindi. While the Manais and Lodhra are fairly localized, and interestingly both are of Minhas Rajput ancestry.

Langrial

The next tribe I will look at are the Langrial, a tribe of both Jat and Rajput status. What can be said with some certainty that origin of the Langrial can be said to create confusion. More then any of the tribes looked at the Langrial have several and often conflicting theories about their origin. Unlike the Bar tribes like the Naul and Nonari, the Langrial are fairly widespread, stretching from Vehari is south Punjab to Attock. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Langrial have a number of different traditions as to their origin, depending on the region it inhabits.

Let’s start off with the Multan Langrial, who claim descent from a Brahmin of Bikaner, by name of Charan, who was converted by to Islam by a Sultan Soomra, and adopted the name Abdullah. His descendent Ghias-ud-Din settled in the Pothohar region, from where, one of the Langrials, named Shah Jam Meer son of Sultan Ghias-ud-Din became king of Kashmir, and his descendents still reside there. However, there is no record in history of Langrial rule over Kashmir, there are however settlement of Langrial in Bhimber district situated on the foothills of the Pir Panjal Mountains, so it perfectly possible the tribe began in this region. Groups of Langrial are then said to have moved to Jhang and took some country from the Sial, who eventually expelled the Langrial, forcing them to settle in Multan.

According to another tradition, also prevalent in Multan, they are Quraishi Arab, who held sway over Thatta in Sindh under one Ghiasudin, who from the lavishness of his public kitchen (langar in Sindhi and Seraiki) acquired the nickname Langrial. Ghiasudin was said to be a contemporary of Mohammed of Ghor, the 12th Century Muslim conqueror of North India. Ghiasudin accompanied the Sultan to Delhi with him. The Langrial are then said to have travelled to Kashmir, then to Shahpur in Punjab, and eventually Goryala, near Jhang . From there they went to Kamalia, but were forced to migrate to Kamannd, and ousted the Hans tribe ( I hope to look at this tribe in a latter post) who held this country. Interestingly, before traditions refer to a Ghiasudin, and also reference to the originally settlement being Rawalpindi.

While in Sialkot, the Langrial claim descent through Rai Daram, a Dogra from the Chibhal country. Jasu, 15th in descent from the Rai Daram converted to Islam , and left the Chibhal region and settled in Sialkot in the time of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. His descendants than contracted marriages with neighbouring Jat tribes, and as such became Jats. A final tradition gives the Langrial Mughal ancestry, who acquired the name Langrial from their ancestor the Barlas warlord Tamerlane, who is known in Farsi as Taimur-e- Lang. When a descendant of Tamerlane, Babar conquered India, a good many Barlas (see my note of the Phaphras) settled in India. After the collapse of Mughal authority in Punjab, and the rise of the Sikhs in the 18th, some Barlas families tried to conceal their identity by calling themselves themselves as Lang-Ayal (meaning “the family of Ameer Taimur Lang”) , the word Lang-Ayal later evolved into Langrial with the passage of time. However, this last traditions seems to be least convincing, as we find little evidence of the prosecution of the Mughals in the 18th Century. A final tradition, restricted to the Langrial of Attock District makes them a clan of the Jodhra tribe.

To conclude, as I have already mentioned in earlier posts, the word aal is common patronymic in the Pothohar region, therefore it is like that Langrial are of Chibhali origin, having left their home in Rawalpindi sometime in the 15th Century, eventually settling along the Sutlej in what is now Vehari, Khanewal and Multan districts. Interestingly, there are still a good many Langrial villages in North-West Punjab. For example, in Rawalpindi District, the Langrial consider themselves Rajputs. They occupy several villages near the town in Kallar Syedan Tehsil) including Daryal, Phalina, Choa Saidan, Mohra Bani Wala and Mohra Hiran, and near the town of Mandrah (Gujarkhan Tehsil), such as Makh, Bagh Faqiran, and Darkali Kalan. In Attock District, the village of Langrial, and hamlets nearby are held by the Langrial. Further east in Gujrat and Sialkot districts, the Langrial are a Jat clan, and many are found in village Langrial, and other villages nearby such as Kakrali. That village was site of an important zail during the period of British rule. In total there are 13 Langrial villages in Gujrat District. While in Khushab District they are found in Kaluwala.

 

In neighbouring Bhimber district of Azad Kashmir, they are found mainly in the village of Pindi Jhunjah and consider themselves to be Jat.

In south Punjab, they are found in Vehari, Khanewal, Multan and Muzaffargarh districts. In Muzaffargarh, they are find in two villages Mauza Langrial and Mauza Langarwah and its vicinity there are also Langrials. In Mianwali District, they are found in Pacca Sandanwala.

Langrial Population According to the 1901 Census of India

District Population
Gujrat 4,063
Multan 3,174
Sialkot 595
Other Districts 761
Total Population 8,593

Lodhra

The next two tribes I will look at both have traditions of Minhas Rajput descent. Starting with the Lodhra, the tribe claims descent from Lodhra, a son of Sukhram Dev, a Manhas, Rajpoot whose home was the Jammu region. Lodhra is said to have come to what is now Lodhran District in the 17th Century, and founded the town of Lodhran. The tribe converted to Islam in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. They were effective rulers of what is now Lodhran District until the rise of the Sikhs in the early 19th Century. They are a very localized tribe, almost all of whom are found in Lodhra District in villages such as Jageer Hoora.

Manais

The Manais, sometimes written as Manes, are a tribe of Jat status, found mainly now in Vehari District. Most Manais are Muslims, although a few are Sikhs. Like most Punjabi tribes, there are several traditions as to the origin of the tribe. According to one such tradition, their ancestor Manais was a descendant of Raja Salavahan of Sialkot, who appears in the ancestry of several Punjabi tribes. Salvahan was said to be a Bhatti, which make the Manais a branch of the Bhatti. However, other traditions make Manais out to be a Minhas Rajput, who left Sialkot, and arrived in the Neeli Bar. Here Manais was converted to Islam by Baba Farid of Pakpattan. Interestingly, unlike other Neeli Bar tribes, sections of Manais remained Hindu, and eventually becoming Sikh. The Minhas tradition is much stronger, and the Lodhra already referred to in this post, also have traditions that connect them with the Manais. The Manais tribe is further divided into four branches or pattis of Manes: Maujo, Malko, Kalso and Kirto, who take their name from sons of Manais

 

Manais territory extends from the Deg River in the vicinity of the city of Sheikhupura, to along the banks of the Sultlej in Vehari District. Their most important settlement is Tibba Sultanpur in Vehari District. Other villages include Dehmunwala, Chaind, Bucheki,Baddhe, Alpae, and Jodhke.

Jhammat, Mekan, Talokar and Tulla tribes

In this post, I shall look at four tribes, whose home is the Chaj Doab, the land between the Chenab and Jhelum rivers, who are all of Jat status. They are all Bar nomads, practising pastoralism, until the arrival of the British in the 19th Century. My post on the Chadhar looks into some detail on the customs and traditions of the Bar nomads. In terms of origin, the Jhammat , Mekan and Talokar are Panwar Rajputs, with traditions of migration from Malwa in central India. Finally, the Tulla are essentialy a clan of the Gondals, but are now practically independent of the parent tribe.

 

Jhammat

I shall start off with the Jhammat, who are found throughout on the edges of Thal, with large concentrations in Bhakkar, Sargodha and Khushab districts. They are in essence Jhammat a tribe of the Bar, living a nomadic existence. Scattered settlements of the Jhammat are now found in an area extending from Jhelum District in the north to Bahawalpur District. Like their neighbours the Mekan, the Jhammat are by origin Panwar Rajputs, with their ancestor Jhammat having left Malwa in what is now Madhya Pradesh in India sometimes in the early 12th Century, arriving in the Punjab, and like their neighbours the Mekan, having converted to Islam at hands of the famous Sufi Baba Farid.

There settlements are now found mainly along the valley of the Jhelum River, with the bulk of the Jhammats found in Chakwal, Jhelum, Sargodha, Khushab and Bhakker districts.

 Villages

Bhakkar District

1) Cheena,

2) Jhammat 

3) Nabuwala

4) Wadhaywala

5) Waheer

Chakwal District

1) Alawal 

2) Sidher

Jhelum District

1) Chak Jalo

2) Chak Mujahid

3) Dewanpur

4) Khai Kotli,

5) Nakodar,

6) Sahow Chak,

7) Peraghaib

8) Pinnanwal

Sargodha District

1) Bunga Jhammat,

2) Bunga Jhammatawala

4)Jhammat Ranjhewala,

5) Jhammat

6) Shaikhwal

7) Verowal

8) Mangowal Kalan

Other Districts

Other Jhammat villages include Jhammat in Attock District, Jhammat Teli in Rawalpindi District, Jhammatabad and Jhammat Nauabad in Gujrat District,  Chak 232 JB in Jhang District and Jhatwan in Sheikhupura.

 

Mekan

Our next tribe, the Meken, sometimes also spelt Maikan or even Meikan, are a tribe of Jat status. They claim descent from the Panwar (Parmar) Rajputs, and spring from the same ancestor as the Dhudhi tribe. The tribe claims to have settled in the Thal, after the end of Arab rule in Sindh, when the Hindu king of Kanauj, a Parmar Rajput took possession of the Thal region, and settled his kinsmen, the Mekan. They then established a state based in the town of Mankera, now in Bhakkar District, which covered much of the Thal, and lasted for five hundred years, until the state was destroyed by invading Baloch. According to one of their traditions, the Mankera state was founded by a Raja Singh, who belonged to the royal house of Kannauj, and said to have accepted Islam during the time of the Sultan of Delhi, Ghias-ud-din Balban, courtesy of Baba Farid Ganj Shakr. Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the Baloch from Makran flocked into the country in and around Mankera, and subsequently ruled this state for the next three hundred years. The Mekans that settled in the Kirana Bar, and became pastoralist, like the other tribes of the Bar. They, occupied a copact territory in the Kirana Bar, lying to the west of Gondal territory, although a smaller number are also in Jhelum and Gujrat districts. There present territory now forms part of Sargodha, Khushab,and Mianwali districts, although as already mentioned, there are smaller broken settlements in Jhelum, Gujrat, and Mandi Bahauddin districts. In Pothohar, in Jhelum / Chakwal region, the Mekan form an important tribal community.

The Mekans form the majority of the population in Kot Bhai.Khan union council of Sargodha. Their villages in Sargodha District include Behak Maken, said to have been first village founded by the Mekans when they moved to the Bar , Abu Wala, Chakrala, Deowal, Gondal (Shahpur Tehsil), Mochiwal, Okhli Mohla, Sultanpur Meknawala, Jalpana, Dera Karam Ali Wala, Chak No 88 N.B,Chak No 142 N.B, Nihang Chak 71 NB Chak 74 NB, Chak 10 N.B,  Chabba Purana, Faiz Sultan Colony in Shahpur Tehsil, Kot Bhai Khan, Kot Pehlwan, Aqal Shah, Kot Kamboh, Wadhi, Kot Shada, Gul Muhammad Wala and Verowal in Bhera Tehsil and Sher Muhamadwala in Bhalwal Tehsil. Accross the Jhelum, Mekan are also found in Mohibpur village in Khushab District.

Outside this core areas, in Jhelum District, there most important villages are Chautala (Jhelum Tehsil) , Chak Mujahid (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil) and Tobah (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil), while in Chakwal District, important Mekan villages include Mangwal, Vero, Lakhwal, Thanil Kamal, Dingi Zer, Dhoke Dhabri (almost evenly divided between Gondal and Mekan), Chak Bhoun, Dhoke Maykan near Thoa Bahdur and Ghugh (which largely a Ghugh Jat villages, but home to several Mekan families). The Mekan Jats in terms of population form the most important Jat clan in Chakwal.

While in Gujrat District, they are found in village Mekan in Kharian Tehsil, and in neighbouring Mandi Bahaudin District, there main villages are Lassouri Kalan, Lassouri Khurd, Mekan and Thatti Bawa.

Talokar

The Talokar are another large an important Jat tribe of the Thal. Like the Jhammats, the Talokar claim to by descent Panwar Rajputs. According to their traditions, they are the related to Sial and Tiwana tribes. Supposedly all three tribes descend from three brothers, Tila, Sila and Taloka. Once again, like the Jhammat, the Talokar traditions state that they accepted Islam at the hands of the famous Sufi Baba Farid Shukar Gunj. The Talokars came from East Punjab in India, and first settled near Bhera in Sargodha District. Their first settlements were the villages were Kalara and Kurrar Talokar. From there, they spread to the east side of the Indus River, founding the villages of Bakharra (Kacha), Ding and Khola (Thal), in Mianwali District. Like the Niazi Pashtuns, who are their neighbours in Mianwali, the Talokar are subdivided in clans, referred to as khels. Important Talokar khels in Mianwali include the Lato Khel,Shahbaz Khel,Baqir Khel,Yaroo Khel, and Rangay Khel

Important Talokar villages include Talokar, Talokar Shumali, Talokar Jannubi and Chak Talokaranwala and a good many other villages near the town of Noor Pur Thal in Khushab District. A small number of Talokar are also found in Bandial village near the border with Mianwali District. In Mianwali itself, there villages include Ding Khola Talokar (New Ding Sharif, Saeed Abad (Sharqi and Gharbi), Lal Khelan wala, Zaman Kelan wala, Hashim Naggar, Tahir Abad, Shahbaz Khelanwala and Khanqah Sirrajia.

Tulla

The last tribe I will look at in this post are the Tulla, who are much more localized then the tribes discussed. They are a classic Chaj Doaba Jat, raising cattle, and leading a nomadic lifestyles until the arrival of the British.

According to their traditions, they are, in fact, a sept of the Gondal Jat tribe. They say, their ancestor being childless vowed that if he had a son he would give his weight in gold and silver to the poor. His son was so weighed and was give the nickname Tula, from the Punjabi word tolna, which, means to weigh. However, the Tulla are now independent of the Gondals, being considered a distinct tribe.
Their villages are found mainly in the Shahpur Tehsil of Sargodha District, such as Jahanabad, Mahmud Tulla and Jalpana. Other important Tulla villages is Miana Kooh in Mandi Bahaudin district.