Basra, Goraya and Nagra tribes

In this post, I intend to look at three tribes, namely the Basra, Goraya and Nagra, who are found mainly in the northern half of the Ravi Chenab (Rechna Doab) Doab, mainly now the districts of Hafizabad, Sialkot, Gujranwala and Narowal. Historically, these tribes also had a presence in Gurdaspur, but like other Punjabi Muslims they had to migrate to Pakistan at the time of partition. All these tribes are Jat clans, and this region of Pakistan perhaps has the clearest boundary between Rajput and Jat. Jats are found all over this region and form the backbone of the agricultural community. They are divided into numerous clans and historically belonged to different religions. It was not uncommon to find in a village a few Jat families practicing Sikhism while others Islam. Along the border with the Jammu and Kashmir state, many Jats had remained Hindu, and many Hindu Nagra Jats are still found in the Jammu Jammu Region. Therefore, we find among the Basra, Goraya and Nagra groups following Islam, Hinduism and Sikhism. The Gazetteer of the Sialkot District (1920, Part A) gave the following description:

profess different religions, but a strong family likeness pervades the whole tribe. The Muhammadan is sometimes said to be less energetic than his Hindu or Sikh brother, but it is very doubtful whether any such distinction exists. The Sikh sometimes indulges a taste for liquor and a certain amount of illicit distilling occurs in the district. All are patient, hardworking cultivators without much enterprise but tenacious of their rights and proud of their position as zamindars or landowners, even if their holding be but an acre or two.

Another interesting factor is that both the Basra and Goraya claim descent from the Saroha Rajputs, a tribe of which little is known. The quote makes reference to the word zamindar, literally landowner, and almost Jats in this region interchangeably describe themselves as zamindar and Jat.

Basra

I start of by looking at the Basra, a clan found mainly in the northern part of the Rechna Doab. Like many of other Jat tribes in the Sialkot region, they claim descent from the mysterious Saroha tribe. There are currently very Saroha Rajputs, but most claim to be Chandravanshi Rajputs. Many Basra also connect themselves with the mythical Rajah Salvahan, who is said to founded the city of Sialkot. According to this tradition, Raja Salvahan has two sons named as Basra and Sarra. From Basra descend the Basra tribe of Jats and from Sarra the Sarai, another well known Jat tribe. Basra is said to have migrated to Phagwara, now located in the Kapurthala district of Indian Punjab. There original settlement was the village of Mehli, located near the town of Phagawara. Incidentally, almost all Basra of the Sialkot / Narowal region claim Mehli to be their village of origin. Melhi is also still home to Basra Jat families who follow the Sikh faith. Some five centuries ago, a famine drove the Basra from Phagwara, and they established their first settlement at the village of Gharial Kalan, south of the town of Pasrur. They then founded the village of Gharial Khurd , due to the unavailability of land in Gharial Kalan. It is unclear when the Basra began converting to Islam, but the majority were Muslim at the time of the arrival of the British in the Punjab 1849. Most Basra are now found mainly near the city of Daska.

In terms of distribution, most Basra are still found in Raya Tehsil of Narowal District, and Daska Tehsil of Sialkot District. There are a second cluster of Basra villages in the Kali Subha region of north eastern Gujranwala. In the district Sheikhupura, they are found in the villagers of Bule Chak, Akbarian-Bhagian, Hamidpur and Gundowal. Outside their historic area, the Basra Jats have settled in the Canal Colony districts of Faisalabad and Toba Tek Singh, where there are now several Basra villages.

Goraya

The next tribe I will look at are the Goraya. There are several origins myths for the Goraya, which is not uncommon among Punjabi tribes. But most agree that sometime in the past they were once pastoral. Like the Basra, the Goraya are said to be descended from the Saroha Rajputs, and to have come to Gujranwala as a nomadic and pastoral. tribe from Sirsa, in what is now Haryana. According to another tradition,t he tribe is descended from a Sombansi Rajput called Goraya whose grandson Mai came from the Lakki Thal, in what is now Bhakkar District. A third tradition is that Rana their founder, came from the Jammu hills during the period of Mughal rule over Punjab (circa 15 -17 AD). Interestingly, the word goraya is also used for the nilgai, a type of a large antelope. Therefore, it is possible that Goraya could have been a nickname for their ancestor. Finally, it is sometimes said that they are a clan of the Dhillon tribe, descended from Budh who had
twenty sons, one of whom was Goraya.

They are now found in Gujranwala, Sialkot, Narowal and Gurdraspur. They own 31 villages in Gujranwala. In Sialkot, there villages are located ibn the north-east of the Pasrur Tehsil.

Nagra

The last tribe I will look at are the Nagra. According to tribal traditions, the clan claim descent from Nagra, who is said to be a Chauhan Rajput, and the tribe also claim a common origin with the Cheema. They are said to have left Delhi during the rule of Alauddin Khilji (rule 1296 to 1316), and settled initially in Jalandhar, and them moved to Pasrur, near Sialkot. The Sikh Nagra consider the Sikh Cheema to be their collaterals, and as such these two clans do not intermarry. After the partition of India in 1947, the Sikh Nagra of Sialkot District moved to India, while the Muslim Nagra undertook a similar migration from Gurdaspur District

Nagra tribal territory stretched from Pasrur in the west to Gurdaspur in the east. Like many Jat clans in this region, they are partly Muslim and partly Sikh. Many Nagras, like other Jat clans were settled in the Canal Colonies of Lyalpur and Montgomery in the 19th and early 20th Century. One such Nagra village in the canal colonies is Chak 351 GB Nagra in Toba Tek Singh District.

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Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1901 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my posts Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1891 Census of India/ and Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 58,936 Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Cheema 39,358 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Bajwa 27,609 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Jallandhar and Patiala State
Chandhar/ Chadhar 27,422 Montgomery, Amritsar, Firuzpur, Lahore, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali, Multan, Jhelum, Shahpur and Chenab Colony
Sandhu 25,786 Hissar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang and Multan
Tarar 25,606 Lahore, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Jhelum and Chenab Colony
Gill 19,894 Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Virk 19,703 Gujranwala, Chenab Colony, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Ghumman 16,893 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Hanjra 15,892 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bains 14,398 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Shahpur, Chenab Colony, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhutta 14,208 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Multan and Chenab Colony
Goraya 14,076 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bhatti 13,682 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Langrial 12,960 Sialkot, Gujrat and Multan
Dhillon 12.913 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot Mianwali, and Chenab Colony
Sipra 12,558 Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Heer 11,839 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Soomra / Samra 11,509 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur
Chatha 11,483 Patiala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Sahi 11,478 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujrat, Jhelum and Sialkot
Sidhu 11,322 Hissar, Jallandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Parhar 11,099 Shahpur, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Thaheem 11,023 Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kahlon 10,809 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Langah 10,808 Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Harral 10,599 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Jhang, and Chenab Colony
Chachar 10,079 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Randhawa 9,617 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Chhina 8,492 Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Rawalpindi, Mianwali, Chenab Colony and Dera Ghazi Khan
Panwar or Puar 7,900 Bahawalpur and Firuzpur
Chelar 7,529 Bahawalpur
Babbar 6,657 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Kang 6,580 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Chenab Colony
Sandhel 6,215 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Bahawalpur
Maan 5,939 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Aulakh 5,838 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Amritsar, and Jallandhar
Sarai 5,746 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala and Jallandhar
Janjua 5,394 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Jodhra 5,157 Attock
Mangat 5000 Patiala, Ludhiana, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Autrah 4,962 Multan, Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Ghallu 4.906 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Buttar 4,923 Dera Ghazi Khan, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Dhariwal 4,884 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chahal 4,466 Ambala, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Sahu 4,294 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Dosanjh 4,198 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Sial 4,169 Rawalpindi and Mianwali
Jakhar 4,165 Hissar, Firuzpur, Bahawalpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, and Multan
Lak 3,971 Shahpur, Jhang, Chenab Colony, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhullar 3,905 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Lahore
Naij 3,894 Bahawalpur
Bohar 3,833 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Khaki 3,801 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Khokhar 3,735 Gujranwala
Malana 3,609 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dahya 3,602 Ambala, Bahawalpur, Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Mohana 3,591 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deo / Dev 3,549 Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Lodike 3,269 Gujranwala
Malak 3,264 Bahawalpur
Atwal 3,200 Jalandhar and Amritsar
Lali 3,137 Shahpur and Jhang
Samma 3,084 Bahawalpur
Kharal 3,046 Gujranwala
Kalru 2,956 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Kanyal 2,944 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Khera or Khaira 2,942 Lahore, Amritsar and Sialkot
Sahotra 2,805 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Maitla 2,765 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Phor 2,738 Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Lakaul 2,675 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhotar 2,545 Gujranwala and Gujrat
Gondal 2,508 Jhelum, Rawalpindi and Chenab Colony
Bassi 2,449 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sohal 2,383 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Sangi 2,338 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Kapurthala
Naul 2,311 Jhang
Aura 2,329 Rawalpindi
Kalasra 2,284 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Bahiniwal / Wahiniwal 2,227 Montgomery, Hissar, Rohtak and Firuzpur
Daha 2,222 Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Dhamial 2,209 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Johal 2,199 Amritsar, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Nonari 2,086 Multan, Muzaffargarh, Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Channar 1,959 Multan and Bahawalpur
Lang 1,873 Multan
Mahil 1,861 Ambala, Hoshiarpur and Amritsar
Nanwai 1,833 Bahawalpur
Uttera 1,817 Multan and Bahawalpur
Kalial 1,791 Rawalpindi
Sudhan 1,765 Rawalpindi
Pannun 1,752 Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chhajra 1,648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Barra 1,597 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhachar 1,588 Mianwali
Jakhlan 1,584 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalwar 1,582 Bahawalpur
Khatreel 1,578 Rawalpindi
Rehan 1,573 Jhang and Shahpur
Hans 1,542 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Montgomery
Waseer 1,513 Chenab Colony
Jhammat 1,508 Mianwali and Jhelum
Turk 1,499 Mianwali
Kohawer 1,487 Mianwali
Kahka 1,453 Bahawalpur
Gandhi 1,452 Mianwali
Bal 1,439 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lahore, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Marral or Marhal 1,434 Karnal, Patiala and Jhang
Sahmal 1,417 Jhang and Chenab Colony
Tulla 1,403 Sargodha
Asar 1,400 Mianwali
Sanda 1,398 Bahawalpur and Mianwali
Gilotar 1,394 Jhang
Dumra 1,357 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Turkhel 1,344 Mianwali
Sekhon 1,335 Gujranwala
Kahu 1,331 Chenab Colony
Dahar / Dahiri 1,327 Bahawalpur
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur
Lohanch 1,275 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Wagha 1,273 Chenab Colony
Rawn 1,213 Multan
Bhidwal 1,207 Mianwali
Hanbi 1,207 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhangu 1,186 Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Chenab Colony
Khandoa 1,168 Mianwali
Chaudhari 1,162 Bahawalpur
Ser 1,144 Mianwali
Uttra 1,145 Mianwali
Kalyar 1,123 Multan
Rawn 1,212 Multan
Talokar 1,096 Mianwali
Jhawari 1,092 Shahpur
Mahe 1,050 Multan
Ganja 1,047 Bahawalpur
Tonwar / Tomar 1,038 Bahawalpur
Dhindsa 1,032 Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Kachela 1,010 Multan
Samtia 1,007 Mianwali
Joiya 993 Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur
Panjootha 966 Shahpur
Grewal 965 Ludhiana
Dhudhi 965 Mianwali
Dhandla 929 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhaya 923 Bahawalpur
Kajla 922 Dera Ghazi Khan
Hidan 915 Jhang
Dab 908 Jhang
Bar 899 Chenab Colony
Minhas 824 Jhelum
Dakah 823 Bahawalpur
Gorchhar 807 Mianwali
Shajra 796 Multan and Bahawlpur
Bhumla 793 Mianwali
Lar 778 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Mahaar 773 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Kanera 765 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahla 756 Chenab Colony
Kalhora 725 Bahawalpur
Panuhan 723 Multan
Jora 718 Shahpur
Jappa 706 Jhang
Jatal 703 Rawalpindi
Kolar 661 Bahawalpur
Burana 657 Shahpur
Khichi 651 Bahawalpur
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Baghial 647 Rawalpindi
Dhandhu 643 Bahawalpur
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur
Dhamtal 635 Rawalpindi
Manela 628 Bahawalpur
Kanju 626 Multan
Raad 618 Multan
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Butta 610 Chenab Colony
Rajoke 607 Chenab Colony
Mial or Miyal 599 Rawalpindi
Maghial 596 Rawalpindi
Bhakral 585 Jhelum
Pawania 581 Karnal, Hissar and Firuzpur
Lodhra 580 Multan
Pawania 576 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bedha 572 Mianwali
Masson 563 Bahawalpur
Nissowana 560 Shahpur and Jhang
Ghatwala or Malik 556 Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Marath 549 Shahpur
Sanghera 544 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Basra 540 Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Thathaal 534 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Murali 526 Jhang
Khal 512 Bahawalpur
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur
Dharal 499 Mianwali
Burara 498 Bahawalpur
Kohadar 496 Bahawalpur
Badhan 494 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Magrial 486 Rawalpindi
Chan 479 Muzaffargarh
Bhutt 475 Bahawalpur
Makwal 473 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Sutera 468 Bahawalpur
Sehwag 462 Karnal and Rohtak
Dasa 459 Bahawalpur
Nain 456 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Jaam 448 Bahawalpur
Sagoo 445 Shahpur (Sargodha)
Rak 435 Multan
Khalne 412 Bahawalpur
Wattu 411 Chenab Colony
Sandi 410 Mianwali
Jhar 402 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deshwal / Deswal 400 Hissar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Khar 389 Muzaffargarh
Jaj 382 Chenab Colony
Noon 377 Multan
Dhal 374 Shahpur
Mohal 373 Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Budhwana 366 Mianwali
Rathi 363 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Chauhan 361 Lahore and Amritsar
Gahora 352 Bahawalpur
Gaun 349 Multan
Manais 332 Montgomery
Sahgra 331 Multan
Unnar 329 Bahawalpur
Toor 329 Patiala State
Gangal 325 Rawalpindi
Kathia 320 Montgomery
Matyal 314 Rawalpindi
Athangal 308 Multan
Sarah 300 Firuzpur,
Dona 290 Multan
Kont 288 Bahawalpur
Siroha 281 Rohtak
Mahota 277 Multan
Bucha 275 Multan
Bhagiara 270 Rawalpindi
Gawanis 262 Chenab Colony
Wawana 258 Mianwali
Kalasan 252 Jhang
Jhak 246 Bahawalpur
Hurgan 236 Shahpur
Chauhan-Hamshira 233 Bahawalpur
Tama 231 Jhelum
Hundal 230 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Mangral 226 Rawalpindi
Hattial 222 Rawalpindi
Suddle 221 Multan
Khehi 219 Bahawalpur
Kudhan 216 Jhang
Kassar 216 Jhelum
Rawana 215 Mianwali
Salhal 215 Rawalpindi
Mangon 204 Jhang
Kasra 204 Jhang
Bhindar 194 Gujranwala
Harrial 194 Rawalpindi
Nehon 184 Bahawalpur
Atar Khel 181 Mianwali
Waghora 173 Mianwali
Godara 170 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Phira 170 Rawalpindi
Pala Khel 169 Mianwali
Balani 167 Chenab Colony
Pandah 165 Multan
Des 158 Mianwali
Markhand 155 Bahawalpur
Hannial 155 Rawalpindi
Mundra 150 Rawalpindi
Targar 150 Jhang
Matmal 149 Jhang
Dagur 148 Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Kalu Khel 147 Mianwali
Lidhar 141 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Gallat 138 Rohtak
Phal 135 Rawalpindi
Walana 132 Rawalpindi
Sian 131 Chenab Colony
Birkan 130 Mianwali
Chal 123 Multan
Sangah 123 Bahawalpur
Tatla 117 Chenab Colony
Sahrawat 108 Karnal, Rohtak and Gurgaon
Hasnana 104 Jhang
Khalis 102 Rawalpindi
Narwal 101 Karnal
Dalal 97 Hissar, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Bandecha 90 Lahore
Chandhran 76 Multan
Kookara 55 Jhang
Ahlawat 48 Rohtak
Baidwan 47 Ambala
Rohal 44 Karnal and Rohtak
Dhankar 42 Delhi and Rohtak
Sheoran 37 Hissar and Karnal
Salakhlan 25 Rohtak
Gulia 17 Rohtak and Delhi
Sethi 14 Ludhiana
Boparai 13 Ludhiana
Aujla Malerkotla 11
Kadian 11 Karnal

 

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1911 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my post Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 66,392 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Gondal 62,320 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Jhelum, Lahore, Sargodha and Rawalpindi
Cheema 37,076 Multam, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bhatti 35,289 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Lahore, Sahiwal / Okara, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khokhar 33,032 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sahiwal, Okara, Lahore and Hissar
Sandhu 32,632 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Gujrat, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargo dha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Kharal 24,702 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara, Lahore, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Gujranwala, Sargodha
Bajwa 23,501 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Gill 22,861 Multan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujtanwala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Tarar 22,351 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jhelum, Sialkot and Sargodha
Sial 21,251 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Lahore and Rawalpindi
Chadhar/Chandher 19,396 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Muzaffargarh, Sialkot, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, and Firuzpur
Bhutta 17,306 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum, Sargodha
Virk 16,153 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, and Jalandhar
Ghumman 13,826 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Hanjra 12,844 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Joiya 12,044 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Firuzpur, Sahiwal /Okara, Lahore, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar
Kahlon 11,942 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Gurdaspur Amritsar, and Jalandhar
Chachar 11,783 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Dhillon 11,561 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Ludhiana,Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Sialkot
Bains /Waince 11,487 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum, Sargodha, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chhina 10,424 Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar,Rawalpindi, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Jalandhar
Thaheem 10,088 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan and Multan
Khichi 10,067 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Sargodha and Multan
Harral 9,553 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Jhelum, Sargodha and Gujranwala
Randhawa 9,261 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Goraya 8,707 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Sargodha, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, and Jalandhar
Panwar or Puar 8,568 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
Nonari 8,236 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Muzaffargarh / Layyah and Multan
Sahi 7,947 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Lahore, Gujrat, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sidhu 7,856 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Langah 7,766 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar and Multan
Soomra 7,742 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Thathaal 7,550 Gujrat, Sialkot, Jhelum, Gurdaspur and Rawalpindi
Ranjha 7,536 Sargodha
Bulla 6,691 Multan
Babbar 6,657 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Noon 6,493 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, and Sargodha – most Noon in Sargodha declared themselves to be Rajput
Awan 6,232 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Lahore
Dhamial 6,232 Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Daha 6,041 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Heer 6,013 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujrat, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chatha 5,963 Multan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Muzaffargarh, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sipra 5,886 Jhang, Faisalabad, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Multan
Lak 5,803 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha
Mekan 5,435 Sargodha
Ghallu 5,313 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali
Bohar 5,308 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Dera Ghazi Khan
Bab 5,257 Dera Ghazi Khan
Parhar 5,118 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargah, Jhang, Bhakkar, Sargodha and Multan
Bassi 5,090 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Maan 4,955 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Hissar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Dhudhi 4,903 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Langrial 4,489 Multan, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Gujrat
Mahra 4,810 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang and Multan
Bangial 4,798 Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Gujrat
Dhariwal 4,449 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Ludhiana, Sialkot Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Naich 4,379 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manjotha 4,348 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mahaar 4,277 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Aulakh 4,245 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Mianwali, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Malak 4,042 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Basra 4,041 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Jhammat 4,030 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum
Chahal 4,024 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Ambala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khera or Khaira 3,958 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Faisalabad, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chauhan 3,910 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Lahore and Patiala State
Kang 3,887 Ambala, Amritsar, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh / Layyah, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Sialkot
Sahu 3,864 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Muzaffargarh
Maij 3,786 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Mallana 3,771 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali
Sandhila 4,566 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Chaughata 3,728 Multan and Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kanyal 3,527 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Kalyal 3,168 Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Bilar 3,147 Multan
Buttar 3,067 Dera Ghazi Khan, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sahotra 3,035 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Targar 3,011 Mianwali
Mangat 2,962 Ambala, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sujal 2,954 Sargodha
Janjua 2,876 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Mianwali / Bhakkar,Muzaffargarh / Layyah, Hoshiarpur and Patiala State – most Janjua declared themselves as Rajputs
Sarai 2,827 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Lang 2,715 Multan
Lakaul 2,675 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Lodike 2,675 Gujranwala
Rawn 2,616 Multan
Hans 2,573 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Khak 3,161 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Bhullar 2,544 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Kachela 2,517 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Wehi 2,509 Multan
Arar 2,478 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Mianwali / Bhakkar
Dosanjh 2,473 Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Atwal 2,430 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khakhi 2,418 Muzaffargarh and Multan
Kallu 2,403 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Uttera 2,392 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan and Lodhran
Jajularu 2,379 Multan
Asar 2,352 Mianwali
Lali 2,324 Jhang, Sargodha
Dhaku 2,295 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Sargodha
Lurka 2,288 Faisalabad
Waseer 2,266 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh and Multan
Auler Khel 2,244 Mianwali
Rajoke 2,243 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Dhal 2,210 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Arain 2,192 Multan
Bhakral 2,147 Jhelum
Chapal 2,120 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jakhar 2,275 Multan, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Mianwali/ Bhakkar, Firuzpur, and Hissar
Lona 2,062 Jhang, Faisalabad
Sambar 2,030 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatril 2,004 Rawalpindi
Sohal 1,985 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Deo 1,961 Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Barra 1,927 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aulara 1,915 Mianwali
Pannun 1,914 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Rehan 1,880 Sargodha
Khar 1,853 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Mianwali, Bhakkar/Layyah
Nanwa 1,833 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Nagyal 1,830 Jhelum
Bhasa 1,829 Multan
Raya 1,790 Jhelum
Bhachar 1,719 Mianwali
Marral 1,705 Jhang,Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Changar 1,704 Faisalabad and Dera Ghazi Khan
Wattu 1,695 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Tonwar / Tomar 1,691 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur almost all the Tonwar declared themselves as Rajput
Kalsan 1,690 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Wahla 1,688 Faisalabad, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Panwat 1,676 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jammun 1,657 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Malil 1,633 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Larsan 1,609 Multan
Jajalani 1,571 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makwal 1,564 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bhamb 1,552 Sargodha
Chhajra 1,507 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Gilotar 1,497 Jhang
Kalru 1,488 Muzaffargarh
Mahun 1,471 Jhang
Jora 1,457 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Dahya 1,391 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Hissar, Ambala – most Dahya declared themselves as Rajputs
Kundi 1,338 Mianwali
Wasli 1,327 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh and Multan
Tulla 1,311 Sargodha
Dahar or Dahiri 1,307 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Dakhna 1,303 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalasra 1,281 Muzaffargarh
Talokar 1,274 Mianwali
Kalwar 1,271 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur most Kalwar registered themselves as a seperate caste
Gujar 1,265 Jhang
Mekan 1,229 Jhelum
Bhidwal 1,295 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Parohe 1,253 Multan
Nourangi 1,247 Multan
Bahiniwal 1,225 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Dawana 1,210 Multan
Chani 1,204 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatarmal 1,184 Jhelum
Bagwar 1,179 Multan
Ghagar 1,177 Multan
Mahla 1,160 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Sangi 1,159 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Matyal 1,147 Jhelum
Khinger 1,146 Jhelum
Tatri 1,122 Sargodha
Johal 1,115 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Aheer 1,101 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha
Jhawari 1,092 Sargodha
Sadraj 1,091 Multan
Bar 1,084 Faisalabad
Dhar 1,074 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Samma 1,072 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kanera 1,071 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali
Aishiani 1,058 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khat 1,055 Sargodha
Gorchhi 1,054 Mianwali
Gangal 1,049 Jhelum
Gauja 1,047 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kudhan 1,045 Jhang
Pansota 1,041 Faisalabad
Dara 1,040 Multan
Kalhora 1,031 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Thabal 1,019 Jhang
Naul 1,630 Jhang and Multan
Sahmal 994 Jhang
Lodhra 985 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Sandi 981 Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Chachakar 974 Multan
Sadhari 974 Multan
Grewal 962 Ludhiana
Shakhani 961 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sandal 960 Multan
Chozan 958 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Maru 956 Jhang
Dhandla 949 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chimar 947 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Samitah 943 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kamoka 943 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Burana 935 Sargodha
Maho 934 Multan
Siana 933 Multan
Chanal 919 Multan
Hidan 914 Jhang
Katwal 912 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Batwani 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Samdana 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kakrial 894 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Pumma 893 Mianwali
Samra 880 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Phor 867 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalera 855 Sargodha
Dhandu 844 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Autrah 843 Muzaffargarh
Domra 822 Dera Ghazi Khan
Pattiwala 816 Multan
Awrah 814 Jhang
Badhan 813 Gujrat, Ambala and Karnal
Ghatwala also known as Malik 808 Karnal and Rohtak
Basar 807 Multan
Baghoor 807 Sargodha
Phaphra 802 Jhelum
Sattar 801 Jhang
Koral 794 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jaam 788 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Gujjral 788 Jhelum
Darakhe 785 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahiniwal 782 Faisalabad
Lar 778 Muzaffargarh
Unu 777 Mianwali
Maitla 776 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chavan 775 Multan
Hanbi 769 Dera Ghazi Khan
Langra 766 Multan
Sailigar 757 Multan
Natt 755 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Parkar 753 Multan
Bandechha 750 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Amritsar
Dahral 738 Sargodha
Khanda 734 Jhelum
Hujjan 733 Dera Ghazi Khan
Atral 733 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bhatia 733 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Hundal 725 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Amritsar
Khaloti 720 Dera Ghazi Khan
Otrai 718 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalyar 715 Sargodha
Sagoo 715 Sargodha
Jatal 710 Jhelum
Ghogha 710 Jhelum
Hatiar 691 Sargodha
Hansi 691 Mianwali
Dangar 689 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Rongia 689 Multan
Kamboh 679 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur, almost all Kamboh registered themselves as a separate caste
Jhandir 679 Sahiwal /Okara / Pakpattan
Kanwan 678 Jhang
Suddle 674 Multan
Shaikha 674 Multan
Mahran 673 Multan
Mohana 663 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makkal 662 Mianwali
Asran 662 Mianwali
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mangil 656 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sangra 653 Mianwali
Khoti 646 Jhelum
Dhol 638 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhadro 638 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Kaloke 638 Rawalpindi
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Ganda 637 Rawalpindi
Ghani 628 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manela 628 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Dhindsa 627 Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bhangu 625 Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Jandral 618 Jhelum
Ruk 618 Multan
Tama 617 Jhelum
Lidhar 614 Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Lahore
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aura 610 Rawalpindi
Chandram 608 Multan
Bagar 602 Multan
Sapral 600 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Kalhar 600 Mianwali
Samachi 599 Multan
Panjootha 596 Sargodha
Ghorhawal 591 Mianwali
Bhander 589 Sargodha
Chahura 587 Mianwali
Bagril 586 Gujrat
Athar 581 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Pukhowara 581 Multan
Hariar 579 Jhelum
Lapra 579 Multan
Brakha 579 Sargodha
Charal 578 Multan
Rayar 578 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Sandrana 577 Sargodha
Serwal 572 Jhelum
Jangal 572 Jhelum
Kajla 558 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kande 557 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kabru 554 Dera Ghazi Khan
Jarola 550 Sargodha
Samri 549 Multan
Marath 548 Sargodha
Joota 544 Jhelum
Saand 544 Mianwali
Hindan 541 Rawalpindi
Kathal 538 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jandi 538 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Masson 537 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jauson 531 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Malhan 529 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalia 525 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bir 524 Multan
Meo 524 Dera Ghazi Khan – the relation of the Meo Jat of Dera Ghazi Khan and the Meo caste in Gurgaon, Alwar and Bharatpur is unclear. The Meo Jat claim an Arab origin
Samtia 524 Mianwali
Sansi 522 Gujranwala and Lahore
Dhamtal 520 Rawalpindi
Chhaj 510 Faisalabad
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Chawali 506 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Khinge 506 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Nissowana 505 Sargodha
Bhawan 503 Sargodha
Barar 501 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mahi 498 Multan
Kohawer 496 Mianwali
Gadri 490 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Minhas 457 Jhelum
Sanghera 418 Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chuna 415 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Mandahar 401 Patiala State
Nagra 366 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Batth 340 Lahore
Deshwal 321 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak/td>
Kalair 312 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Godara 309 Hissar / Patiala State
Ghahi 301 Multan
Bal 298 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Marhal also sometimes called Mandal 280 Patiala State and Karnal – Muslim Nawabs of Karnal belonged to this tribe
Auntal 274 Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Ves 274 Sargodha
Turkhel 255 Mianwali
Panghal 229 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Janjhar 223 Patiala State
Jhalli 219 Patiala State
Tiwana 216 Patiala State – most Tiwana declared themselves as Rajputs
Punia 213 Hissar / Patiala State
Pawania 207 Hissar, Karnal and Patiala State
Billan 205 Patiala State
Malhi 205 Lahore, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Raad 201 Multan
Narwal 191 Hissar
Sudhan 175 Rawalpindi
Mami 166 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Uppal 163 Faisalabad, Lahore, Gujranwala and Patiala State
Nain 162 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Sekhon 155 Lahore
Padda 151 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Jawana 150 Patiala State
Shajra 144 Multan
Rathi 144 Karnal and Hissar
Dhandhe 141 Patiala State
Mahil 134 Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Maalta 121 Multan
Basati 120 Patiala State
Raparia 119 Patiala State / Hissar
Sunar 107 Rohtak
Aujla 107 Jalandhar
Bore 102 Patiala State
Bandar / Wandar 100 Firuzpur, Hissar and Sirsa
Baghial 96 Rawalpindi
Kali Rauni 95 Patiala State
Dohan 83 Hissar
Gandhu 77 Patiala State
Gadra 77 Patiala State
Gulia 71 Patiala State
Ahlawat 70 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bola 70 Hissar and Patiala State
Maghial 69 Rawalpindi
Khatri 68 Sonepat, Karnal and Rohtak
Sodhi 65 Patiala State
Baidwan 61 Karnal and Hissar
Mander 59 Patiala State
Sarwara 58 Patiala State
Phogat 57 Patiala State
Dabdal 51 Hissar
Hari 49 Patiala State
Gurne 48 Patiala State
Boria 46 Rawalpindi
Dhauker 45 Patiala State
Sheoran 43 Hissar
Lahar 43 Patiala State
Sohi 42 Patiala State
Mandi 41 Patiala State
Narwan 41 Patiala State
Narwan 41 Patiala State
Sawaich 40 Hissar
Sangi 38 Firuzpur
Rattiwal 37 Patiala State
Jawanda 34 Patiala State
Dandiwal 34 Hissar
Bator 33 Patiala State
Tarka 30 Patiala State
Rai 29 Firuzpur
Chanhan 26 Hissar
Mial 25 Rawalpindi
Kandoe 24 Patiala State
Sehwag 24 Hissar
Maindal 22 Patiala State
Mahla 22 Hissar
Bagar 21 Patiala State
Gailan 20 Hissar
Phogat 20 Patiala State
Jassar 19 Patiala State
Sarao 13 Patiala State
Dullat 13 Patiala State
Jaglan 11 Hissar
Chande 10 Patiala State
Bandhel 10 Patiala State
Lahar 10 Hissar
Dhawe 10 Patiala State
Dalal 10 Rohtak
Khandi 9 Hissar
Boparai 9 Gurdaspur
Saran 7 Rohtak
Dagur 2 Gurgaon – a few families of Muley Jats

 

List and Population of Jat clans of the Rawalpindi Division According 1901 Census of India

Below is a list of Muslim Jat clans and their population in the Rawalpindi Division of Punjab, drawn up for 1901 Census of India. Please also read my introduction for the 1911 Census on the Jat clans to give you some background. Almost all the population that professed to be Jat were Muslim, with exception of Kharian Tehsil of Gujrat District, which was home several Hindu Wariach Jats.

Rawalpindi District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 46,061, of which 43,853 (95%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aura 1,660
Badhan 246
Baghial 647
Bains 1,388
Bhagiara 270
Chatha 130
Chhina 653
Dhamial 2,203
Dhamtal 695
Gangal 325
Gill 373
Gondal 958
Hanial 155
Harial 194
Hattial 222
Heer 428
Hindan 489
Jatal 395
Jodhra 5,157
Kalial 1,791
Kanial 954
Kassar 105
Khalis 102
Khatril 1,578
Khor 389
Langrial 120
Lodhra 134
Magial 596
Magrial 486
Mangral 226
Matyal 314
Mial 599
Mundra 150
Phira 164
Phul 135
Salhal 215
Sandhu 99
Sangal 427
Sial 618
Sudhan 1,765
Tama 231
Thathaal 534
Walana 112
Wariach 347

Jhelum District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 73,364, of which 72,763 (99%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Badhan 248
Bains 962
Bhakral 585
Bhatti 2,053
Bhutta 678
Chadhar 121
Chauhan 224
Dhudhi 352
Gondal 879
Harral 460
Heer 243
Janjua 120
Jhammat 929
Kanial 1,990
Kassar 111
Langah 482
Mahil 320
Minhas 824
Ranjha 236
Sahi 445
Sial 126
Tarar 758
Thaheem 139
Wariach 388

Gujrat District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 198,075, of which 192,000 (97%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

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Tribe Total
Bains 478
Bajwa 532
Bhullar 106
Bhutta 373
Chatha 812
Cheema 2,923
Chhina 287
Dhariwal 388
Dhillon 568
Dhotar 1,513
Ghumman 739
Gill 503
Goraya 148
Harral 158
Heer 1,654
Hanjra 2,338
Jakhar 235
Kang 1,183
Langrial 3,702
Mangat 1,031
Marral 168
Pannun 242
Randhawa 298
Sahi 4,498
Sandhu 228
Sarai 661
Sidhu 2,157
Sipra 1,259
Sohal 374
Tarar 14,531
Virk 775
Wariach 37,805

Shahpur District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 63,876, of which 63,649 (99%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aulakh 103
Bains 613
Bhachar 166
Bhatti 3,864
Bhutta 1,298
Burana 657
Chadhar 3,303
Chhina 538
Hanjra 528
Harral 1,849
Heer 553
Hurgan 236
Jhawari 1,092
Jora 718
Lak 2,197
Lali 531
Lala 357
Langah 604
Mahil 181
Mangat 226
Marath 548
Nissowana 518
Panjootha 966
Rehan 1,567
Sahi 164
Sidhu 100
Sipra 1,382
Tarar 1,223
Thaheem 288
Tulla 1,403
Virk 318
Wariach 445

Mianwali District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 137,665, all of whom were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Asar 1,377
Atar Khel 181
Atra 652
Aulakh 1,887
Aura 232
Autrah 1,075
Bains 353
Bedha 472
Bhachar 1.422
Bhadwal 1,207
Bhatti 1,880
Bhullar 483
Bhumla 793
Bhutta 778
Birkan 130
Budhwana 366
Chadhar 1,226
Chandhar 235
Chhajra 367
Chhina 1,580
Dab 103
Deo 915
Des 158
Dhandla 286
Dharal 419
Dhariwal 184
Dhillon 949
Dhudhi 335
Dumra 585
Gandhi 1,288
Ghallu 818
Gill 190
Goraya 365
Gorchar 807
Hanbi 336
Hans 498
Harral 347
Heer 603
Janjua 573
Jatal 164
Jakhar 1,229
Jhammat 507
Joiya 670
Kahlon 442
Kalasra 918
Kallu 1,301
Kallu Khel 147
Khandoa 1,278
Khera 176
Kohawer 1,020
Lak 452
Langah 704
Langrial 222
Lohanch 676
Mallana 454
Naul 229
Pala Khel 169
Rawana 215
Saggu 434
Sahgra 321
Sahi 963
Samtia 1,007
Saandh 948
Sandhila 701
Saandi 410
Sarai 150
Sawag 460
Srb 1,144
Sial 2,945
Sohal 435
Soomra 930
Talokar 1,096
Thaheem 352
Turkhel 1,344
Turk 1,499
Waghora 173
Wawana 258

Hattar, Lak, Nagyana and Tatri tribes

In this post, I shall look at three clans that are found in uplands of the Chenab and Jhelum Doaba (land in between). All four clans, namely the Hattar, Lak, Nagyana and Tatri were once semi-nomadic pastoralists, that inhabited the Kirana Bar or at least the Jech Doab, the land between Jhelum and Chenab river. Kirana Bar is a portion of the Chej Doáb, it takes its name from the Kirana Hills found here. This region is now divided between the Sargodha and Jhang districts. Bar stands for an area of jungle as it was before colonisation by the British Government. This area starts from the northwest of Hissár country near the bank of river Chenab with an abrupt high ridge and this high bank of bar dies away a little distance east of the boundary of between the Chiniot and Jhang tehsils, opposite the village of Kot Mohla. The lands of the Kirana Bár to the east and south of the hills are of superb quality. After slight showers of rain, the whole country is carpeted with grass. This meant that pastoralism was the best form of lifestyles. The Lak and Nagyana had huge herds of cattle. Like the Thal tribes discussed in earlier posts, the Kirana nomads were practically independent until the coming of the Sikhs. Other then the Baloch of Sahiwal (in Sargodha), the region did not know any princely authority. Real change came with the British, who began last scale colonization, bringing in settlers from central Punjab. The Tatri were the first two be settled, followed by the Lak and Nagyana. The Nagyana difers from the other Bar Jats in that they have always been seen as sacred, with many pirs coming from the tribe.

Hattar

I shall start of by looking at the Hattar, a tribe found through out north-west Punjab. Before I start, as far as I know the Hattar have no connection with the Khattar tribe. According to their owntraditions, the tribe claims descent from a Bhatti Rajput nobleman named Rana Rajwadhan. The Rana lived in Ghazni, in what is now Afghanistan and then moved to Delhi in India. After sometime, he moved to Bhatner (now known as Hanumangarh) in what is now northern Rajasthan. In the 13th Century, the Rana and his family are said to have moved to Chanb Kalyar, in what is now the Lodhran District, in Punjab. The ruler of the area was a Raja Bhutta. The Raja wanted to marry the daughter of Rajwadhan, who refused. As a result a battle took place, and the Raja was slain. The tract was then divided between Rajwadhan, and his five sons, Kalyar, Utera, Kanju, Noon and Hattar. All these are names of fairly well known tribes of south Punjab, and have much in common with tribes referred to my first post, such as the Aheer, being largely nomadic and pastoral.

Coming now back to the Hattars, the descendents of Hattar are said to have converted to Islam and left the Multan region, and moved to northwest Punjab, where they are a now found as a Rajput tribe. Therefore, they are a clan of Bhatti Rajputs, although some Hattar groups in Sargodha refer to themselves as Jats. The Hattar are now found in the districts of Sargodha, Khushab, Jhelum, Gujrat, Chakwal, and Attock. Starting off with Attock, the Hattar are found in a single village by the name of Hattar., while in neighbouring Chakwal, their villages include Hattar, Dhudial, Fim Kasar, Jhallay, Jethal and Assami Hattar, while in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil, their main villages are Dhok Hattar and Hattar. And finally in Gujrat District, Hattar is their main village. It is however Sargodha District and in particular in Bhalwal Tehsil, that the bulk of the Hattars are found. Important villages iin that tehsil include Chak numbers 15 and 16NB, Jalpana and Pindi Hattar, while in Shahpur Tehsil of Sargodha, their villages are Deowal, Ghurtala, Kakewala, Khurshid and Rawal. Across the Jhelum in Khushab, they are found in Pillow Waince.

Lak
The Lak claim descent from the Parmara (Panwar) Rajputs, and were originally found alongs the banks of the Chenab river, but were ousted by the Sikhs in the 18th Century from this region. Their ancestor was Lak, who like most Panwar Rajputs is said to have left Malwa in central India, arrived in Punjab, and converted to Islam. They are now found mainly in Sargodha District, with few communities in Faisalabad, Mandi Bahauddin Sahiwal and Multan Districts. Most Lak villages are located between Malakwal and Sargodha, with Burj Ghulam Rasool, Mari Lak, Sakesar and Mitha Lak being the most important. In neighbouring Mandi Bahauddin district, they are found in the villages of Bosaal Masoor, Lak, Thakkar Kalan, and Pind Makko. In neighbouring Jhelum District, they are found in the village of Pir Khara, while in Khushab District they are found in Khaliqabad.

Nagyana

Lastly, I look at the Nagyana, who are closely affiliated with the Lak, which I have looked at in an another post. Although they claim Arab descent from a Nag, hence Nag aana, the sons of Nag, this name does suggest that they may be of Hindu descent. Interestingly, in the Pothohar region, the Nagyal are also literally the children of Nag, but these Nag descendants claim to be Minhas Rajputs. The tribe is extremely localized, found in villages, such as Dharema and Masar,  near the town of Shahpur in Sargodha District. Historically they had a sacred status among their neighbours the Harrals and Laks, providing many pirs or holymen.

Tatri

The Tatri are Jats, which customs similar to the tribes already described. They claim descent from Tatri, who is said to be a Bhatti Rajput. As with the traditions of many other Jat clans in Sargodha region, by marrying into the Jat community, they too became Jat. In Bhalwal, the Tatri occupied seven villages, maintaining their independence until the arrival of the Sikh. In Bhalwal, they are still found mainly in Lariala, Nothain, Jahanewala, Dhakwan, and Tatrian. Outside Bhalwal, a few Tatri are also found in Mandi Bahauddin District such in village Sanda.

 

Kahut, Kassar and Mair Minhas tribes of the Chakwal Dhani

In this post I shall look at three tribes that are found in the Dhani region of Chakwal. The Dhani is a large plain, the centre of which now stands the city of Chakwal. These three tribes, namely, the Kassar, Kahut and Mair-Minhas are intimately connected with the history of the Dhani.
The area of Dhanni for a long time in history was an uninhabited. Although the powerful tribes like Ghakkars and Janjuas ruled the adjoining territories in Potohar, the Kahoon valley and the ancient Thirchak Mahal, Dhanni remained a hunting ground for the various local rulers. As the tradition goes, in the year 1190 C.E, Raja Bhagir Dev, a Jamwal prince, while on a hunting expedition fell in love with a Muslim woman belonging to a tribe of wandering Gujjar grazers. In order to marry her, he converted to Islam and consequently was asked by his father to stay away from Jammu and settle in this tract along with his men. Raja Bhagir Dev was named Muhammed Mair after his conversion to Islam and his descendants as Mair-Minhas Rajputs. The Mairs preferred pastoral rather than agricultural pursuits for the next few centuries; but remained confined to this area. When around 1525 C.E, the Mughal King Babur stopped by in this area on his way to Kashmir, his army was ambushed by the hostile tribes from the adjoining areas. Babar decided not to confront the Mair, but instead invited Raja Sidhar and offered him two thirds of the land of Dhanni, if he provided labour to help the Kassar tribesmen to drain the water from the great lake which then covered all the eastern part of the tehsil, up to the ridge followed by the Bhon-Dhudial road. Raja Sidhar, chief of the Mair-Minhas Rajputs and Gharka Kassar, chief of the Kassars, a Mughal sub-tribe took up the job along with their respective tribesmen. They drained the lake water by cutting through Ghori- Gala, by which the Bunha stream now flows. Subsequently, they proceeded to divide up the country. The Emperor also awarded them the title of Chaudhry, and administration of the newly formed Taluka, which ever since has been called Dhan Chaurasia or Maluki Dhanâ Chaudhry. Sidhar, settled villages named after his sons Chaku, Murid and Karhan and as Chaku Khan became the chief, he decided to settle in Chakwal, the village named after him and make it the administrative centre of the Taluka. Whereas, Kassar chiefs founded the villages of Bal-Kassar and Dhudial. Latter, the Kahuts, a tribe of Qureshi Arabs also arrived, completing the picture.

Before I giver a more detailed description of the three tribes, just a note about the Dhani country or Chakwal Tehsil as it known as now, other then the three tribes referred to, it also home to several Jat clans such as the Bhutta, Gondal, Hurgan, Jethal, Lilla and Phaphra, who now make up a third of the population of the Dhani. Therefore the Dhani is no longer the exclusive patrimony of these three tribes.

Kahut

I will start off by looking at Kahut sometimes pronounced as Koot (especially in Sargodha), Kut or Kahout. Like most Punjabi tribes, there are several traditions as to their origin.

Most Kahut now claim to be Qureshi Arabs, whose ancestors settled in the Dhani after the arrival of the Mair. It is believed that when the ancestors of the Kahut first arrived in this area they had to fight with the locals to find a place to settle. This war is said to have taken place at the location of the village of Janga in Chakwal District, which is derived from ‘Jang Gah’, meaning place of war. About the year A.D.1359 their ancestor Said Nawab Ali, nicknamed Kahut, migrated to Delhi, and on the way defeated a pagan king of Sialkot, named Sain Pal. On reaching Delhi they paid their respect to the Delhi Sultan who ordered them to hold the Dhanni and the Salt Range on his behalf. They accordingly retraced their steps and settled at the foot of the Salt Range. Once settled, they began to tax the Janjua and the Gujar graziers and remitting it to Delhi. Their first settlement in the Dhani was at a site near village Waryamal. The eastern part of Dhanni was then a lake, which on coming of Mughal Emperor Babur was drained at his command; the Kahuts taking part in the work and colonising the land. Chaudhry Sahnsar, 8th in descent from Kahut was their ancestor at the time of the drainage of the lake. During the Mughal period (around 15th Century), the Kahut rose to prominence until there power was destroyed by the Sikhs in 18th Century. The southern part of Chakwal tehsil where Kahuts predominate is still known as the Kahutani, a reflexion of their past dominance. Sometime during the Sikh period, groups of Kahut immigrated to Sargodha and Mandi Bahauddin. In the local Shahpuri dialect of Saegodha, they are referred to as Koot, and like most other tribes of the area, they consider themselves and are also considered by all other people as Jats and have intermarried with all the tribes of the area.

However, according to the 19th Century British ethnographer Sir Denzil Ibbetson, the Kahuts are probably of Rajput origin and have come from Jammu hills to Chakwal area. The only evidence of such a migration is are the “Kahuta” hills of the Rawalpindi district are supposed to have derived their name from the tribe, but no record of remains of them in that tract. Other then reference to the Kahuta hills, there seems little connection with Jammu. The Mair, who are their neighbours, have maintained a strong tradition of Jammu migration, so if the Kahut were of Jammu origin, they have at least some tradition.

The most important Kahut family is settled in the village of Kariala in Chakwal. Other Kahut villages include Bhalla, Bhawan, Bhuchal Kalan, Chakora, Dhok Tallian, Dullah, Hasola, Langah, Domali, Musa Kahoot, Kahut, Kassowal, Nikka Kahut, Tatral, Thirpal, Thoha Bahader, Janga, Sadwal, Waryamal and Warwal

In Mandi Bahauddin District, they are found in villages in Union Council Ahla Haryah, and Bhikhi. While in Sargodha, their villages include Pindi Kootan near Bhera, and Kahut in the Sahiwal Tehsil

There is also cluster of Kahut villages in Union Council Khaur of Attock district

Kassar

The next Dhani tribe I will look are the Kassar,which holds lands in the northern part of Dhani, called ‘Babial and Chaupeda’, with the Kahut and Mair located to the east.

According to some tribal traditions, the Kassar came originally from Jammu along with the Mair-Minhas tribe and had been settled in the Dhani during the rule of the Mughal Emperor, Zaheerudin Babur. According to this tradition, their ancestor came from Kashgar and settled in Khalana (near Muzafarabad); they then migrated to Poonch, and eventually accompanied to the Mair when they arrived in the Dhanni country.
However, like most Punjab tribes the above is not their only origin myth, with several other linking them directly to the Mughal dunasty. One such tradition traces their lineage to the Mughal Emperor Babur, with ancestor Kassar (who was said to be a Barlas Mughal) as a distant cousin of Babur. In this origin myth, the Kassar are said to have come with Babur’s army as his fellow tribesmen and were settled in Dhani along with the Mairs and Kahuts by the Emperor himself. According to the 1931 census of India, their male population was approximately 4000. The customs of the Kassar are very similar to the Mair and Kahut, with whom the tribe intermarries. Unlike other Mughals, but like neighbouring Jars such as the Gondal, they use the title Chaudhary. Most Kassar are Sunni, with a Shia minority.

Apart from Chakwal, they are also settled in Attock, Sargodha, Mandi Bahauddin, Gujrat, Khushab, Jhelum, and Rawalpindi districts.

Important Kassar villages in Chakwal include Fim Kassar, Farid Kassar, Balkassar, Balokassar, Sarkal Kassar, Bhagwal, Karsal, Saral, Miswall, Doray, Chauli, Mangwal, Dingi, Munwall, Bikhari Kalan, Kuthiala Sheikhan Bikhari Khurd, Pind Haraj, Dhok Peeli, Dhudial, Tattral, Latifal, Dhalal, Hastal, Maari, Thoha Bahadur, and Lakhwal.

Further south in Sargodha District, there are several Kassar villages in Kot Momin Union Council such as Chak 10sb, 20sb, 9sb, 67sb, 65sb and 66sb. These Kassar originate in the Dhani and moved to Kot Momin in the 19th Century, where the British built canals to improve agriculture and settled Kassar from Chakwal.

Outside these two clusters, important Kassar villages include Kasra in Attock District and Turkwal is situated in Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi.

Clans

Important Kassar clans include the Balkassar, Bhagwal, Chawli, Dullah, Haraj, Karsal, Mangwal, Mehrou

Mair-Minhas of Chakwal

Looking now at the Mair Minhas, the tribe takes its name from Raja Mair, a Jamwal Rajput ruler of Jammu. According to tribal legends, Raja Mair (whose name before his conversion was Raja Bhagir Dev) was son of the Raja of Jammu and had come to the Dhanni area (present day Chakwal) for hunting. He fell in love with a local Muslim Gujjar woman, converted to Islam and married her.
The city of Chakwal is named after their Mair chief, Chaku Khan whose father, Raja Sidhar ruled the area at the time of Mughal ruler Babar]s invasion of India. The Mughal emperor Zaheerudin Babur conferred upon Raja Sidhar, the title of chaudhry and made him the taluqdar (area administrator) over eighty four villages of the Dhani country. The Mair-Minhas tribe rose to further prominence during the short rule of Sher Shah Suri who handed them the control over the adjoining territories, as far as Swan River in Potohar and Kahoon in the South.
However, after the Mughal King [[Humayun]] returned to India with the help of the Persians, he handed over the entire Potohar including Dhani to the Gakhar, who had helped him escape from India during Sher Shah’s revolt.
The Mair-Minhas tribe again rose to power after collapse of Mughal authority as a result of the death of Aurangzeb. They had supported his son Moazzam in his quest for power and in return he re-appointed their chief Gadabeg Khan as the Taluqdar and chaudhry of the ‘Dhan Chaurasi’. Their rule over Dhani continued during the Sikh era as one of their chiefs Chaudhry Ghulam Mehdi had invited Sirdar Maha Singh to this side of river Jhellum. Also, their Dogra cousins Raja Gulab Singh and Dhian Singh were very powerful in the Lahore Durbar, so the influence of Chakwal Chaudhrials during the Sikh era was considerable and they were considered one of the biggest Muslim land holders of the era.
In the Second Anglo-Sikh War at Chaillianwala in 1849, the Chakwal Chaudhrials were among the very few Muslim feudal families who supported the Sikhs. Consequently, after the defeat of the Sikhs all Jagirs and titles of the ‘Chakwal Chaudhrials’ were confiscated. Due to their general good conduct in the mutiny of 1857, some of their rights were restored and small Jagirs were granted to their chiefs in Chakwal. Chief of the tribe Jehan Khan and later his son Aurangzeb Khan were conferred an ‘inam’ of Rs.312/- per annum and the title of “Raja Sahib” as a mark of hereditary distinction. The Chaudhrials of Kot Chaudhrian were able to get more concessions with the aid of Maharaja Gulab Singh and almost half of their original lands were regained.

According to the census of 1931, their male population was 7800. The ‘Chaudhrials’ or the Talukdars reside in the following villages: Kot Sarfraz Khan, Kot Choudrai|, Behkri, Dhudial, Badsahan, Bhoun, Mohra Kudlathi, Murid, Punjain Shariff, Sarkal-Mair, Udhwal, Oudherwal, Dhaab Kalaan Mohra Sheikhan, Mohra Korechisham, Kotha Abdal, Chatal, Sutwal, Karhan, Chak Malook, Chak Norang and Bhagwal.

Khichi, Langrial, Lodhra and Manais tribes

In this post, I shall look at the tribes that are found mainly in the Neeli Bar, that is the area between the Ravi and Sultlej. The region now covers what is Pakpattan, Vehari and Lodhran districts. Among the four, the Langrial have spread fair widely, and are found as far north as Rawalpindi. Similarly, the Khichi are have spread all the way to the edges of the Salt Range, such as Chakwal and Jhelum. While the Manais and Lodhra are fairly localized, and interestingly both are of Minhas Rajput ancestry.

Khichi

Khichi, sometimes spelt Khichee, are a branch of the Chauhan clan of Agnivanshi Rajputs (please look at posting on Tribes of Potohar for a definition of Rajput). I shall start off by giving some brief information on the Chauhans. The Chauhan kingdom became the leading Rajput state in Northern India under Prithviraj III (1165–1192), also known as Prithviraj Chauhan or Rai Pithora . The Chauhan state collapsed after Prithviraj was defeated by Mohammed of Ghor in 1192 at the Second Battle of Tarain, but the Chauhans remained in Ajmer as feudatories of Mohammed of Ghor and the Sultans of Delhi until 1365, when Ajmer was captured by the rulers of Mewar, finally ending Chauhan rule. This also led to the dispersal of the Chauhans, with some migrating towards Punjab.

According to Khichi traditions, they claim descent from a Khichi ruler of Ajmer. Driven out of Delhi by one of the Sultan of Delhi, his descendents Sisan and Vidar migrated to Multan. The Khichis then fought with the Joiyas, then paramount in the region, expelling them from the Sutlej valley near the where the town of Mailsi is located. At sometime following their settlement in the Neeli Bar, the tribe converted to IslamThey then established a state based in the town of Mailsi, which finally conquered by the Sikhs in the 18th Century. Mailsi however remains the centre of the tribe. In addition to Punjab, branches of the Khichi tribe are still found in Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh in India, who have remained Hindu.

 

Groups of Khichi began migrating northwards, and the largest concentration of the Khichi are found in the Bhera Bar, a portion of the Kirana Bar located near the town of Bhera in Sargodha District. Khichi villages include Khichi Jagir, and Daulutpur Khichi in the Sahiwal Tehsil of Sargodha District, Khichi in the Talagang Tehsil and Khichi in Chakwal Tehsil of Chakwal District, Khichi in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District,

Bhakkar District

1) Basti Cheena,

2) Chah Khichi

3) Khichi Kalan,

4) Khichi Khurd

5) Jhok Khichi

6) Wadhay Wali

Layyah District

1) Chak 459 TDA

2) Chak 465 TDA

Chiniot District

Chani Khichi

Faisalabad District

Chak106JB Khichian,

Shakeel Ahmed Khichi, C

Chak 275 Mudooana

Hafizabad District.

Dera Mian Ali Khichi

Khanewal District

Khichiwala

Mandi Bahauddin District

1) Chakori

2) Sanda

Sargodha District

Chak No. 132 NB (Silanwali Tehsil),

Chak No. 139 SB (Silanwali Tehsil)

Okara District

Dholi Khichi,

Jawaya Khich

Nota Khichi

Sialkot District

Rahimpur Khichian

Khichi of Mailsi Region

But the greatest number of Khichi villages are still found in Mailsi region of Vehari District and include Sargana, Aliwah, Fadah, Halim Khichi, Umar Khichi, Shergarh, Shatabgarh, Tarki, Kilanj, Dhamakki, Dhodan and Jiwan Khichi.

Langrial

The next tribe I will look at are the Langrial, a tribe of both Jat and Rajput status. What can be said with some certainty that origin of the Langrial can be said to create confusion. More then any of the tribes looked at the Langrial have several and often conflicting theories about their origin. Unlike the Bar tribes like the Naul and Nonari, the Langrial are fairly widespread, stretching from Vehari is south Punjab to Attock. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Langrial have a number of different traditions as to their origin, depending on the region it inhabits.

Let’s start off with the Multan Langrial, who claim descent from a Brahmin of Bikaner, by name of Charan, who was converted by to Islam by a Sultan Soomra, and adopted the name Abdullah. His descendent Ghias-ud-Din settled in the Pothohar region, from where, one of the Langrials, named Shah Jam Meer son of Sultan Ghias-ud-Din became king of Kashmir, and his descendents still reside there. However, there is no record in history of Langrial rule over Kashmir, there are however settlement of Langrial in Bhimber district situated on the foothills of the Pir Panjal Mountains, so it perfectly possible the tribe began in this region. Groups of Langrial are then said to have moved to Jhang and took some country from the Sial, who eventually expelled the Langrial, forcing them to settle in Multan.

According to another tradition, also prevalent in Multan, they are Quraishi Arab, who held sway over Thatta in Sindh under one Ghiasudin, who from the lavishness of his public kitchen (langar in Sindhi and Seraiki) acquired the nickname Langrial. Ghiasudin was said to be a contemporary of Mohammed of Ghor, the 12th Century Muslim conqueror of North India. Ghiasudin accompanied the Sultan to Delhi with him. The Langrial are then said to have travelled to Kashmir, then to Shahpur in Punjab, and eventually Goryala, near Jhang . From there they went to Kamalia, but were forced to migrate to Kamannd, and ousted the Hans tribe ( I hope to look at this tribe in a latter post) who held this country. Interestingly, before traditions refer to a Ghiasudin, and also reference to the originally settlement being Rawalpindi.

While in Sialkot, the Langrial claim descent through Rai Daram, a Dogra from the Chibhal country. Jasu, 15th in descent from the Rai Daram converted to Islam , and left the Chibhal region and settled in Sialkot in the time of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. His descendents than contracted marriages with neighbouring Jat tribes, and as such became Jats. A final tradition gives the Langrial Mughal ancestry, who acquired the name Langrial from their ancestor the Barlas warlord Tamerlane, who is known in Farsi as Taimur-e- Lang. When a descendent of Tamerlane, Babar conquered India, a good many Barlas (see my note of the Phaphras) settled in India. After the collapse of Mughal authority in Punjab, and the rise of the Sikhs in the 18th, some Barlas families tried to conceal their identity by calling themselves themselves as Lang-Ayal (meaning “the family of Ameer Taimur Lang”) , the word Lang-Ayal later evolved into Langrial with the passage of time. However, this last traditions seems to be least convincing, as we find little evidence of the prosecution of the Mughals in the 18th Century. A final tradition, restricted to the Langrial of Attock District makes them a clan of the Jodhra tribe.

To conclude, as I have already mentioned in earlier posts, the word aal is common patronymic in the Pothohar region, therefore it is like that Langrial are of Chibhali origin, having left their home in Rawalpindi sometime in the 15th Century, eventually settling along the Sutlej in what is now Vehari, Khanewal and Multan districts. Interestingly, there are still a good many Langrial villages in North-West Punjab. For example, in Rawalpindi District, the Langrial consider themselves Rajputs. They occupy several villages near the town in Kallar Syedan Tehsil) including Daryal, Phalina, Choa Saidan, Mohra Bani Wala and Mohra Hiran, and near the town of Mandrah (Gujarkhan Tehsil), such as Makh, Bagh Faqiran, and Darkali Kalan. In Attock District, the village of Langrial, and hamlets nearby are held by the Langrial. Further east in Gujrat and Sialkot districts, the Langrial are a Jat clan, and many are found in village Langrial, and other villages nearby. While in Khushab District they are found in Kaluwala.

 

In neighbouring Bhimber district of Azad Kashmir, they are found mainly in the village of Pindi Jhunjah and consider themselves to be Jat.

In south Punjab, they are found in Vehari, Khanewal, Multan and Muzaffargarh districts. In Muzaffargarh, they are find in two villages Mauza Langrial and Mauza Langarwah and its vicinity there are also Langrials. In Mianwali District, they are found in Pacca Sandanwala.

Lodhra

The next two tribes I will look at both have traditions of Minhas Rajput descent. Starting with the Lodhra, the tribe claims descent from Lodhra, a son of Sukhram Dev, a Manhas, Rajpoot whose home was the Jammu region. Lodhra is said to have come to what is now Lodhran District in the 17th Century, and founded the town of Lodhran. The tribe converted to Islam in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. They were effective rulers of what is now Lodhran District until the rise of the Sikhs in the early 19th Century. They are a very localized tribe, almost all of whom are found in Lodhra District in villages such as Jageer Hoora.

Manais

The Manais, sometimes written as Manes, are a tribe of Jat status, found mainly now in Vehari District. Most Manais are Muslims, although a few are Sikhs. Like most Punjabi tribes, there are several traditions as to the origin of the tribe. According to one such tradition, their ancestor Manais was a descendant of Raja Salavahan of Sialkot, who appears in the ancestry of several Punjabi tribes. Salvahan was said to be a Bhatti, which make the Manais a branch of the Bhatti. However, other traditions make Manais out to be a Minhas Rajput, who left Sialkot, and arrived in the Neeli Bar. Here Manais was converted to Islam by Baba Farid of Pakpattan. Interestingly, unlike other Neeli Bar tribes, sections of Manais remained Hindu, and eventually becoming Sikh. The Minhas tradition is much stronger, and the Lodhra already referred to in this post, also have traditions that connect them with the Manais. The Manais tribe is further divided into four branches or pattis of Manes: Maujo, Malko, Kalso and Kirto, who take their name from sons of Manais

 

Manais territory extends from the Deg River in the vicinity of the city of Sheikhupura, to along the banks of the Sultlej in Vehari District. Their most important settlement is Tibba Sultanpur in Vehari District. Other villages include Dehmunwala, Chaind, Bucheki,Baddhe, Alpae, and Jodhke.

Jhammat, Kalyar, Mekan and Tulla tribes

In this post, I shall look at four tribes, whose home is the Chaj Doab, the land between the Chenab and Jhelum rivers, who are all of Jat status. They are all Bar nomads, practising pastoralism, until the arrival of the British in the 19th Century. My post on the Chadhar looks into some detail on the customs and traditions of the Bar nomads. In terms of origin, the Jhammat , and Mekan are Panwar Rajputs, with traditions of migration from Malwa in central India, while the Kalyar have traditions of roots in Rajasthan. Finally, the Tulla are essentialy a clan of the Gondals, but are now practically independent of the parent tribe.

 

Jhammat

I shall start off with the Jhammat, who are found throughout on the edges of Thal, with large concentrations in Bhakkar, Sargodha and Khushab districts. They are in essence Jhammat a tribe of the Bar, living a nomadic existence. Scattered settlements of the Jhammat are now found in an area extending from Jhelum District in the north to Bahawalpur District. Like their neighbours the Mekan, the Jhammat are by origin Panwar Rajputs, with their ancestor Jhammat having left Malwa in what is now Madhya Pradesh in India sometimes in the early 12th Century, arriving in the Punjab, and like their neighbours the Mekan, having converted to Islam at hands of the famous Sufi Baba Farid.

There settlements are now found mainly along the valley of the Jhelum River, with the bulk of the Jhammats found in Chakwal, Jhelum, Sargodha, Khushab and Bhakker districts.

 Villages

Bhakkar District

1) Cheena,

2) Jhammat 

3) Nabuwala

4) Wadhaywala

5) Waheer

Chakwal District

1) Alawal 

2) Sidher

Jhelum District

1) Chak Jalo

2) Chak Mujahid

3) Dewanpur

4) Khai Kotli,

5) Nakodar,

6) Sahow Chak,

7) Peraghaib

8) Pinnanwal

Sargodha District

1) Bunga Jhammat,

2) Bunga Jhammatawala

4)Jhammat Ranjhewala,

5) Jhammat

6) Shaikhwal

7) Verowal

8) Mangowal Kalan

Other Districts

Other Jhammat villages include Jhammat in Attock District, Jhammat Teli in Rawalpindi District, Jhammatabad and Jhammat Nauabad in Gujrat District,  Chak 232 JB in Jhang District and Jhatwan in Sheikhupura.

Kalyar

We now come to the Kalyar, a tribe generally seen as of Jat status. Just as a point of clarification, my understanding is that Kalyar have no connection whatsoever with the Kalyals, who have been referred in my earlier post. According to their traditions, the tribe claims descent from a Bhatti Rajput nobleman, a Rana Rajwadhan. The Rana lived in Ghazni, and then moved to Delhi in India. After sometime, he moved to Bhatner. In the 13th Century, the Rana moved to Chanb Kalyar, in what is now the Lodhran District, in Sindh, Pakistan. The ruler of the area was a Raja Bhutta. The Raja wanted to marry the daughter of Rajwadhan, who refused. As a result a battle took place, and the Raja was slain. The tract was then divided by Rajwadhan, and his five sons, Kalyar, Uttera, Kanju, Noon and Hattar.

Kalyar initially settled in Chamb Kalyar in Lodhran District. His descendants then migrated to the Kirana Bar, and became graziers. The Bar was opened up for settlement in the 19th Century, and many Kalyar now reside in colony Chaks (villages built by the British Imperial authorities) in what is now Sargodha District. For example the villages of Chak 104 A, 123 , 128, 147/148 (Lakhoana)151 , 174 NB all in Sillanwali Tehsil of Sargodha District are examples of such settlements.

As mentioned, the Kalyar are still found mainly in the Kirana Bar region of Sargodha District. Important villages in the Kirana Bar include Chokera (also known as Chak 79), Tangowali, Saidooaana, Samooranwali (in Tehsil Sargodha) and Mouza Kalyar. In Shahpur Tehsil, their villages include Feroze Makki, Salehabad, Kot Gul, and Mir Ahmed Sher Garh. Other important Kalyar settlements include Kalyar, Chak 205, Chak. 206, Chak 207 in Jhang District, Mouzza Dera near the town of Rodu Sultan, Jhok Kalyar in Faisalabad District and Bhatikay near the town of Wazirabad. The town Chamb Kalyar remains the centre of the tribe. Almost Kalyar migrated northwards towards the Kirana Bar, there also a few villages in Bahawalpur District such as Channi Got.

 

Mekan

Our next tribe, the Meken, sometimes also spelt Maikan or even Meikan, are a tribe of Jat status. They claim descent from the Panwar (Parmar) Rajputs, and spring from the same ancestor as the Dhudhi tribe. The tribe claims to have settled in the Thal, after the end of Arab rule in Sindh, when the Hindu king of Kanauj, a Parmar Rajput took possession of the Thal region, and settled his kinsmen, the Mekan. They then established a state based in the town of Mankera, now in Bhakkar District, which covered much of the Thal, and lasted for five hundred years, until the state was destroyed by invading Baloch. According to one of their traditions, the Mankera state was founded by a Raja Singh, who belonged to the royal house of Kannauj, and said to have accepted Islam during the time of the Sultan of Delhi, Ghias-ud-din Balban, courtesy of Baba Farid Ganj Shakr. Towards the end of the fifteenth century, the Baloch from Makran flocked into the country in and around Mankera, and subsequently ruled this state for the next three hundred years. The Mekans that settled in the Kirana Bar, and became pastoralist, like the other tribes of the Bar. They, occupied a copact territory in the Kirana Bar, lying to the west of Gondal territory, although a smaller number are also in Jhelum and Gujrat districts. There present territory now forms part of Sargodha, Khushab,and Mianwali districts, although as already mentioned, there are smaller broken settlements in Jhelum, Gujrat, and Mandi Bahauddin districts. In Pothohar, in Jhelum / Chakwal region, the Mekan form an important tribal community.

The Mekans form the majority of the population in Kot Bhai.Khan union council of Sargodha. Their villages in Sargodha District include Behak Maken, said to have been first village founded by the Mekans when they moved to the Bar , Abu Wala, Chakrala, Deowal, Gondal (Shahpur Tehsil), Mochiwal, Okhli Mohla, Sultanpur Meknawala, Jalpana, Dera Karam Ali Wala, Chak No 88 N.B,Chak No 142 N.B, Nihang Chak 71 NB Chak 74 NB, Chak 10 N.B,  Chabba Purana, Faiz Sultan Colony in Shahpur Tehsil, Kot Bhai Khan, Kot Pehlwan, Aqal Shah, Kot Kamboh, Wadhi, Kot Shada, Gul Muhammad Wala and Verowal in Bhera Tehsil and Sher Muhamadwala in Bhalwal Tehsil. Accross the Jhelum, Mekan are also found in Mohibpur village in Khushab District.

Outside this core areas, in Jhelum District, there most important villages are Chautala (Jhelum Tehsil) , Chak Mujahid (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil) and Tobah (Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil), while in Chakwal District, important Mekan villages include Mangwal, Vero, Lakhwal, Thanil Kamal, Dingi Zer, Dhoke Dhabri (almost evenly divided between Gondal and Mekan), Chak Bhoun, Dhoke Maykan near Thoa Bahdur and Ghugh (which largely a Ghugh Jat villages, but home to several Mekan families). The Mekan Jats in terms of population form the most important Jat clan in Chakwal.

While in Gujrat District, they are found in village Mekan in Kharian Tehsil, and in neighbouring Mandi Bahaudin District, there main villages are Lassouri Kalan, Lassouri Khurd, Mekan and Thatti Bawa.

Tulla

The last tribe I will look at in this post are the Tulla, who are much more localized then the tribes discussed. They are a classic Chaj Doaba Jat, raising cattle, and leading a nomadic lifestyles until the arrival of the British.

According to their traditions, they are, in fact, a sept of the Gondal Jat tribe. They say, their ancestor being childless vowed that if he had a son he would give his weight in gold and silver to the poor. His son was so weighed and was give the nickname Tula, from the Punjabi word tolna, which, means to weigh. However, the Tulla are now independent of the Gondals, being considered a distinct tribe.
Their villages are found mainly in the Shahpur Tehsil of Sargodha District, such as Jahanabad, Mahmud Tulla and Jalpana. Other important Tulla villages is Miana Kooh in Mandi Bahaudin district.

Dhamial, Gaharwal, Jatal and Ranial tribes

 

 

In this posting, I return to the theme of the lesser known tribes of the Pothohar region of Pakistan, and I shall look at the Dhamial, Gaharwal, Jatal, and Ranial tribes. All of these tribes are in fact branches of the well known Janjua tribe. Let me start off with a brief note of the Janjua Rajputs. According to their traditions, the Janjua claim descent from the Pandava dynasty through Arjun, the cousin of Krishna. Although there is no definitive source to confirm the ancestry of the ancient King Porus of Punjab, the Janjua Rajputs claim that their ancestor, Rai Por is the Porus who fought Alexander in Punjab in 326BC, although this might be conjecture. The Janjua tribal history begins with Raja Ajmal Dev Janjua, who embraced Islam in the 12th century due to his love for Sufi art, poetry and teachings. Rai/Raja Mal followed the Islamic tradition of change of name after conversion and was then known as Raja Mal Khan. Mal Khan is said to have four sons, Bhir, Jodh, Kala and Khakha. From the last descend the Khakha of Kashmir, whose branch the Tezyal I have already looked at in an earlier post. From Jodh descends the Dhamial, from Bhir the Ranial, from Kala, the Gaharwal, and their branch the Jatal. In Chakwal and Jhelum, many Jatal and Dhamial now consider themselves to be Jats.

 

Dhamial

Dhamial (also written as Dhamyal) Like the other tribes looked, some sections of the Dhamial claim Jat status, while other stress the fact that they are Rajput. The Dhamial are chiefly found in the Rawalpindi District but also in Gujrat District, Jhelum District and Attock District of the Punjab and Mirpur District of Azad Kashmir. In Azad Kashmir, the Dhamial are the second largest Rajput-Jat tribe in the state. With regards to their origins, the Dhamial have a number of traditions as to there origin. Most however agree that they are descended from a Raja Dhami Khan, hence the name Dhami al, or sons of Dhami. They also point to the town of Dhamiak in Jhelum District as to where the tribe originated from. According to one of the traditions, Raja Dhami Khan came from Ghazni in Afghanistan, built a fort in Dhamiak, the ruins of which are still in existence, and defeted the Gakhar rulers of the region to establish control. The fort is still known in the local vernacular as dhami kot (fort of dhami in Punjabi), and the town of Dhamiak is simply said to be a corruption of the word dhami kot. Most traditions however claim that Dhami Khan was a Janjua Rajput, and they are infact a clan of the Janjua tribe. In the early thirteenth century, the Janjua chieftain, Raja Mal Khan rose to prominence. He increased his dominion over Hazara (later renamed Amb) through his son Raja Tanoli, Jhelum through his son Raja Jodh, parts of Kashmir through Raja Khakha, Rajghar (later renamed Malot) in Chakwal through his eldest Raja Bhir and what is today forms the area of Kahuta tehsil through Raja Kala Khan. Tarikh-e-Alfi of the Ghorids makes a mention of the rise to power of Raja Mal. According to Lepel H. Griffin, in Chiefs and Families of note in the Punjab (Lahore, 1910, ii, p254)

””On the death of their father, they determined to divide the country called, from Raja Mal, the Maloki Dhan between them. Jodh took the Salt Range near about the Makrach, and captured the town of Makshala from a colony of Brahmins (Mohyals)…He changed its name to Makhiala and built a fort there and two tanks for rain water….. Wir Khan (also spelt Bhir), took the possession of Khura (also spelt Khewra) near modern Pind Dadan Khan.””

The descendants of Raja Jodh continued to rule this region through various interruptions until the time of the Sikh ruler Ranjit Singh. Raja Bhir meanwhile took over the Malot (Rajghar) state from his father. It was in this tradition that Raja Bhir’s later descendant, Raja Malu Khan, allying his cousin Raja Mubarak Khan who was the descendant of Raja Jodh Khan, gained control of the region of Dhamial and Ranial.  Latter in the post I shall look at the Ranial branch.

 

Villages in Jhelum and Chakwal

Presently, the Dhamial, both Jat and Rajput are found in Rawalpindi, Chakwal, Jhelum and Mirpur districts. Dhamial villages in Jhelum District include Kotla Faqir, Mamuri Dhamial, Mohra Lal, Hathia Dhamial, Dheri Dhamial and Rakha Dhamial. The town of Dhamiak remains the centre of the tribe in the district. In neighbouring Chakwal District, important Dhamial villages include Dohrian, Dhoke Bangwalian, Dhok Qutab Din, Dhok Alfo near Mangwal, Ghanwal, Chak Jharray, Chak Kharak,  Sohawa, and Kot Raja 

 

Villages in Rawalpindi District

Looking at each individual tehsil of Rawalpindi District starting with Gujar Khan Tehsil:

1) Aheer

2) Chak Dolat

3) Chak Rajgan

4) Chechi Bahadur

5) Dhamial

6) Dhok Baba Waris

7) Dhok Kund

8) Dolmi Dhamial

9) Gasroor

10) Jajja

11) Jhamath

12) Miani Borgi

13) Mohra Hafyal

14) Mohra Salyal,

15) Mohra Dhamial

16) Mohra Jundi

17) Natta Mohra

17) Ratala,

Rawalpindi Tehsil:

1) Bajnial

2) Dhamial

3) Khail Dhamyal

4) Safair

5) Sher Dhamial,

Kallar Syedan Tehsil,

1) Bhai Mehr Ali

2) Dhamali,

3) Dhok Attari, near Bhalakhar

4) Dhok Pakka Khoo,

5) Dhok Baba Mehru near Khanpur,

6) Mawa Dhamyal

7) Mohra Phadyal

8) Pari Nakkah near Bhalakhar,

9) Phagwari Gala

10) Sahib Dhamial

and in Kahuta Tehsil: Aliot.

Moving to Azad Kashmir, they are found in the villages of Kandoor, Samlota, Chakswari, Daggar, Dehri Dhamial and Nakkah Dhamial.

Gaharwal

We now look at the Gaharwal or sometimes pronounced Kaharwal, who are a Rajput clan. According to the 1931 Census of India, they numbered approximately 1,600.

The Gaharwal claim descent from Pir Kala, a son of Raja Mal Dev Janjua, who married Kaho Rani when he came to the Kahuta hills, and named the ilaqua Kahru after her. Hence the descendants are called Kahrwal. The Dulal is a sub-division of the tribe. This branch should not be confused with the Dolal Qureshis of Gujar Khan Tehsil. To sum up, the Gaharwal, like the Dhamyal and Jatal, referred in my earlier post, are a branch of the Janjua Rajputs.

The Kahrwal Janjua’s are found in the Kahuta and Kallar Saidan Tehsils of the Rawalpindi District. Important Gaharwal villages include Matore, Bagla, Darkali, Mamyaam, Guff Sanghal ,Mehra Sanghal , Pind-Bansoo and Blong. In Kallar Syedan they are found in Sehi Rajgan.

 

Jatal


The Jatal are a tribe of both Jat and Rajput status, who claim descent from Jatto Khan, a Janjua Rajput, who belonged the Gaharwal branch. So they are in fact sub-group of the Gaharwal. They are extremely localized, found in only in the districts of Rawalpindi and Jhelum. Like other Rajputs tribes of the region, they have a long and distinguished history of military service. Important Jatal villages include Aheer, Lakho, Mohraian,  Jatal Sukhroo and Repa in Gujar Khan Tehsil, Jatal and Jatal Durab in Rawalpindi Tehsil and Nandna Jatal and Tirkhi in Kallar Syedan Tehsil . While in Jhelum District, they are found mainly in Jhelum and Dina tehsils. In the Islamabad Capital Territory, Jatal are foind in Gagri village.

Ranial

I shall finally look at the Ranial branch of the Janjuas. Like the other branches, the Ranial trace their descent from Raja Mal Khan, the traditional ancestor of the Janjua tribe. As I have already discussed in my account of the Dhamial, the Ranial branch of the Janjua descend from Raja Bhir, who was the erstwhile ruler of Malot (Rajghar) state in Chakwal, and from him descended, Raja Malu Khan, who was the direct ancestor of the Ranials. Raja Malu Khan was allied with Mubarak Khan, the Dhamial. According to the Tehreek-e-Janjua (Sahiwal Press, v1, p224), these two Rajas employed a sudden military onslaught to conquer the areas of Ranial and Dhamial. Through the repute of their military success, they were able to win the neighbouring gentry over to their own side and established good relations with them. Raja Malu took the area of Hayal Ranial whilst Raja Mubarak took the Dhamial plain. Interestingly, Raja Malu’s offspring were known as the Rajas of Ranial and Raja Mubarak’s offspring likewise, were known as the Rajas of Dhamial. This later culminated in the recognition of these two branches as simply Ranial Rajas and Dhamial Rajas. Being neighbours, they taxed their subjects separately, but followed common policies on other matters such as the supply of soldiers to the Mughal emperors, cultivation and trade.

Family tree

The Ranial Rajputs are linked ancestrally to the Janjuas through Raja Malu Khan, who was a descendant of Raja Bhir as illustrated below:

                   Raja Mal Khan, the Janjua king
                                  |
                   Raja Bhir, the elder son of Raja Mal Khan
                                  |
                   Raja Acharpal (later converted to Islam and was renamed Raja Ahmed Khan)
                                  |
                            Raja Sunpal
                                  |
                            Raja Islam-ud-din
                                  |
                            Raja Noor-ud-din
                                  |
                            Raja Daulat Khan
                                  |
                            Raja Hans Khan
                                  |
                            Raja Malu Khan (during Jehangir’s reign [1605-28])

Some of Raja Malu Khan’s descendants settled in Nambal in Kallar Syedan Tehsil of Rawalpindi, immigrating from Malot, in Chakwal District(the ancestral kingdom of Raja Bhir who inherited it from his father, Raja Mal Khan). Raja Malu Khan was one of five brothers. The other brothers were: Raja Sadu Khan: whose descendants are settled in the area of Sehel Tehsil and Pindi Gheb,  Raja Nadyam Khan: whose descendants are in Harajpur Pind and Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil, Raja Babul (who was the Minister of Maral Garh): whose descendants are settled in the Murali district in Chakwal and Raja Jangu Khan: whose descendants are settled in Dana, Khanpur and Dadan Chey.

Aura, Hayal, Miyal, Ratial and Tama tribes

This is my fifth post on the lesser known tribes of the Pothohar region. Of the five tribes discussed, two claim to be Rajput, although the Ratial have sections that claim to be Jats (especially in Dina), while the Tama have no traditions of Rajputs ancestry, while the Hayal of Rawalpindi consider themselves to be Chaghtai Mughals, while those in Mirpur are Jats. Finally the Aura are unique in that they make no claim to Rajput ancestry. My post on the Rajput and Jat clans of the Rawalpindi Division enumerated for the 1911 Census of India, gives an idea as to the distribution of these tribes.

Aura

The Aura are a Jat tribe, found mainly in Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi District.Very little is known about them, although they have consistently registered themselves as Jats in all the Census carried out by the British in the early 20th Centuiry. Important Aura villages include Balakhar in Rawalpindi District and Abdullahpur in Jhelum District.

Outside the core area, a colony of Aura is found inChak 21 S.B, which is large settlement of the Aura in Sargodha District. These Aura are immigrants from Gujar Khan Tehsil who were settled in the Sargodha region in the 19th century.

Hayal

The Hayal are little known tribe, found entirely in Kallar Syedan Tehsil, who claim Chaughtai Mughal ancestry. They are found in the villages of Burra Haya, Hayal Pindoral and Mohra Hayal. In Mirpur District, Hayyal, who classify themselves as Jats, are found in the villages of Kangra and Chappar.

Miyal

Miyal, or sometimes written as Mial, are tribe found mainly in Rawalpindi and Chakwal districts. They are descendants of Mian, which in there case may not refer to a single common ancestor, but is a term which is often used to describe any holyman or Sufi saint. These is also shown by the fact that different Mial groups have different origin myths. Some Mial groups say that they are Qureshi Arabs, while others claim to be Mughals.There main villages include Malluwala in Pindigheb Teshsil and Mial in the Fateh Jang Tehsil of Attock District, the village of Mial in Rawalpindi District, and the villages of Budhial, Mureed, Mial and Warwal in Chakwal District. In addition, Mial settlements are also found in the Gujar Khan Tehsil, such as Sapiali Khinger.

Ratial

The Ratial are Rajput tribe, found mainly in Rawalpindi District. There customs are similar to neighbouring tribes such as the Bangial and Kanyal. Like other tribes in the region, they have several traditions as to their origin.  According to one such tradition, the tribe are descended from Khattar Khan, the ancestor of the Khattar tribe. Khattar Khan had six sons, Jand Khan,Isa Khan, Sarwar Khan, Firoz Khan, Sehra Khan and Pehru Khan. About three generations after his death, the tribe lost Nilab but they took possession of the open country between Rawalpindi and the Indus which became known by the name of Khattar. The descendents of Jand Khan took possession of the district called after them Jandal between Khushhalghar and Nara. From Feroz Khan the Drek family has descended. His great- grandson was Ratnah from whom have descended the clan known as Ratial. The Khattar tribe, like the Awans claim descent from Qutub Shah, which would make the Ratial Alvi Arabs. However, another tradition makes Ratnah out to be a Manhas Rajput, who left Kangra in the 15th Century and settled in Potohar region, and converted to Islam. His descendents are known the Ratial.

The Ratial were for sometime overlords of a large part of the present Rawalpindi District known as Ratala, centred around the village of Ratala in Gujar Khan Tehsil. They were displaced from Ratala by a Janjua chief named Raja Abdullah Khan in the 18th Century, who had himself been displaced by the upheaval of the Sikh conquest of Garjaak and Darapur, and as a result took his remaining army and conquered the region of Ratyal from a Ratial chief who was loyal to the Sikh empire. He defeated the Ratial Chief and renamed the region Ratala. With this, the Ratial ceased to play any important political role in the region. However, the Ratial are still make up the bulk of the population of the Ratala refgion.

Their principle villages are Ratial (near Dina) and Darapur in Jhelum District, and Ratial, Bher Ratial, Jairo Ratial and Puraney Ratial, in the Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi District. There are also number of Ratial villages in Attock District.

Tama

Finally, we look at the Tama, sometimes written as Tamma, a tribe found mainly in Chakwal and in Dina region of Jhelum. Like almost all the Jat clans of the Jhelum-Chakwal region, the Tama claim a Middle Eastern origin. Their ancestor was a Dulma Khan, nicknamed Tama, who migrated from Iran during the 16th Century, fleeing the forced conversion of Iranian Sunnis to the Shiite faith by Shah Ibrahim Safavi, who had just established a Shite Safavid state in Iran. Dulma Khan settled initially at Pandori near Dina, where he founded Dhok Tama, and where his descendent contracted marriage with Jat tribes, thereby becoming Jat. The largest Tamma Jat settlement is Tamma Ajaib, near the town of Dina.