Warraich/ Waraich Jat

In this post, I will look at the Warriach, the largest Muslim Jat clan according to the 1901 Census, and the second largest according to the 1911 Census, the last that tabulated the Jat clans. The Warraich  clan is concentrated in Gujrat and Mandi Bahaudin districts, in an area intermediate between the high  central plateau and the lowlands of the Chenab, both in the  Gujrat and the Phalia tehsils. Depending on the region, Warraich can also be pronounced as Baraich, Braich, Araich, and Varaich, depending on which Punjabi dialect is being used. They are also known as Chungh. In this post, I shall focus on the large Wariach community found in Gujrat and Mandi Bahaudin, where there customs were very similar to the other tribes such as the Gondal, in that they are a Muslim and followed a pastoral lifestyle. In East Punjab, the Wariach were and are largely Sikh, with a about 20% following Islam. The Muslim Wariach of Indian Punjab are now found scattered throughout Central Punjab in Pakistan.

Like most tribes, there are various theories as to the origin of the Warriach. According to Captain Hector McKenzie, the first British officer to administer Gujrat, the Warriach Jats were divided into two main tarafs, or sections, Abu and Jeo. His account of this division is as follows:

A Jat being killed in battle near Thanesar, his wife became a outcaste, took refuge in a tree, gave birth to a son and died. Raja Jaipal, when outhunting discovered the child, gave it protection. The tree under which it was found was a bargat: the most appropriate name for the child was therefore baraicha; the name of Waraitch was accordingly given to the boy. When he grew up to manhood, the Raja gave him his daughter in marriage,  and having no son was succeeded by him, and his descendants for three generations in his raj. Waraitch was a mighty man, worthy of his good  fortune. His descendants, therefore, continued to distinguish their family  by his name, Adversity came, then they fled to the Punjab, and settled  down as tillers of soil. Sixteen generations later, two men, named Abu and Jeo,  attained a pre-eminent position among the clans, and became Muslim, and  since their time there have been two tarafs or sub-divisions in the clan — one  composed of the descendants of Abu, and the other of Jeo

In another version, this time written by Captain Nisbet, author of the first Gazetteer of Gujranwala, which describes that Warraich was the son of one Mutta, who came  from Ghazni and settled in the Gujrat district, from where the tribe  spread to Gujranwala. While Captain Waterfield author of the second revised settlement report of Gujrat District gave a very different account. He wrote that the clan traces  its connection with Raja Karan of the Mahabharat. Twenty-seven generations, or 500 years previously, Warraich, the founder of the clan, came from the city of Kistah to Delhi,  and became an important courtier of the Sultan Jalal-ud-din Firoz Shah, and settled in the village of Taika, in the district of Hissar. He had five sons; among them, these three, Wadrah, Shahajrat and Tejrah, received permission of the Sultan to settle in Gujranwala. They called their village  Tarka Ladda. Gradually they expanded to control over 80 villages, and, crossing  the Chenab settled in Gujrat. Around the 1300s, in the time of Sultan Mahmud Tughlak (reign: 1394 – February 1413 CE), Jaits, a descendant of the eldest Wadrah, became famous. During one of the invasions of Amir Timur (9 April 1336 – 17–19 February 1405), he met Jaits in Multan, where he joined him with his family and dependents, and, coming to terms with Nawab Sayad Khan, one of the confidential followers of Taimur, attached himself to his army. They reached Kunjah, and there met and fought a local Raja called Jaspal, and defeated him, and took possession of the country. For his services it was made over to this Jaits, in order that he might colonise it and collect the revenue. On  the death of the Khokhar chieftain Malik Jasrat of Manawar by poison at the hand of his wife, the daughter of Mandeo, a Dogra chieftain, who the latter  descended from Jammu to take possession of the country. He was opposed by Jaits, but they came to terms, and agreed that the Tawi and Chenab should divide their territories; Jaits retaining the southern and western sides, Mandeo, the northern and eastern. Jaits remained in possession until his death, when his jagir was confiscated, and his son succeeded him ; about that time one- fourth of the area was cultivated, the rest was jungle. New villages were then founded by different members of the clan. Hariya and Gunia, two sons of Jaits, became the most powerful; Kardal and Hambo never acquired any position. From Hariya, descend the Jis Waraich, and from Gunia the Abu Waraitch. The Emperor Akbar is said to have formed the Waraitch into two tappas,  called after Abbo and Jis, who were given the position of chaudhry.

However, according to another British colonial historian Sir Lepel Griffin, the tribe migrated to Punjab during the reign of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazna and settled in Gujrat, in present day Pakistan. In his“ Punjab Chiefs” (pages 410 — 11), Griffin gives two versions, — one substantially the same as that given by Mackenzie, the other an amplification of the  Ghazni story. In this version, however, it was not Warraich, but a  remote ancestor, named Shah, who was the first of the family to settle  in India. He is said to have accompanied Sultan Mahmud in his invasion of India in A. D. 1001, and to have been present at  the battle fought with Jaipal, the last Hindushahi ruler. Impressed with the fertility of the country around Gujrat, Shah settled near the  Gujar village of Kulachar, where for 350 years his family lived  in obscurity, until in the person of Waraitch, son of Mattu, it  rose to the surface, and expelling the Gujars expanded by  degrees to its present importance. This rise is said to have occurred during the rule of the Emperor Akbar.

According to the Epigraphica Indica, Volume I, page 29, a rock inscription at Chamak Harsati Balaghat mentions that “Bharhaich” Jats performed ten asvamedha yagnyas (Sanskrit “Horse sacrifice”) and, constructed ten ghats in Varanasi. Whether the reference to the current tribe is difficult to confirm. In terms of distribution, the complete absence of Wariach in Uttar Pradesh probably suggest that connecting the Wariach with the inscription would be incorrect.

According to a tribal tradition – Waraich, a Jat, had five sons who settled in the Chenab valley raising cattle. Three of brothers moved to Gujrat and the other two moved to Gujranwala. In or about the tenth century A.D. they moved down to the Jhelum River in large numbers and settled down there. Until the thirteenth century AD they continued to fight with Gujjar tribes. Today these Waraich occupy a very compact area comprising 360 villages in a region called Jatat. During the period of Feroz Shah Tughlaq, a certain Haria leader of these Waraich converted to Islam founding a village later called after him Hariawala. With the conversion to Islam, the Wariach of the Jhelum and Chenab valley converted to Islam. However, in the Gujranwala Bar, there remained several villages of Sikh Wariach until partition of Punjab in 1947.

In another tradition, Waraichs are the progeny of three brothers, Haria, Gunia and Kurtal, who were rulers of Bahraich principality (in what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh state of India). During Sher Shah Suri’s conquest of Bengal, they captured his treasure en-route to the province. It was believed that the Shah would not succeed in his campaign however to their surprise, Sher Shah conquered Bengal and established his rule over a large part of Northern India. Following their defeat these Waraichs left Bahraich and travelled westwards. They settled upon finding suitable grazing grounds on the banks of the Chenab river. This new home was on the lands previously used by Gujjars for grazing cattle. This settlement led to rivalry between the Waraich Jats and the established Gujjars. The Wariach eventually defeated the Gujars, and made themselves masters of Gujrat, in Punjabi a word meaning land of the Gujjars.

Both these traditions make reference to two facts, one that the centre of the tribe is Gujrat, and secondly, they original rulers of this region were the Gujjars.

They now occupy 141 villages in Gujrat (including Mandi Bahaudin district) and 84 villages in Gujranwala. By the 18th Century groups of Wariach had crossed the Jhelum and settled in the Pind Dadan Khan plain, while other groups moved settling in Sialkot and Gurdaspur. A significant number of this second group became Sikh.

Wariach Population According to the 1901

With regards to the Hindu Warraich, most were followers of the Sultani sect, and by the mid-twentieth century had converted to Sikhism. Today most Wariach are either Sikh or Muslim.

District / States

Muslim

Sikh

Hindu

Total

Gujrat 37,813  138  212 38,163
Gujranwala 8,106 1,537 1,425 11,068
Sialkot 4,368  468  678 5,514
Chenab Colony 3,703  616  215 4,534
Amritsar  492  1,893  32 2,417
Patiala State 11   631  1,653 2,300
Lahore 1,162 524  28 1,714
Gurdaspur 809  307  325 1,436
Malerkotla State 388 842 1,230
Ludhiana  98  109  616  823
Ambala  12  447  180  639
Jalandhar  33  165  272  470
Shahpur  443      443
Jhelum

 

 388      388
Rawalpindi  347      347
Firuzpur 180   105  18  303
Bahawalpur State  287      287
Nabha State    53  114  220
Multan  216      216
Montgomery  149   149
Karnal 26 57 21 104

Other Districts

 

 

Total

58,936 7,483 6,652 73,071

Chadhar

This post will look at the Chadhar, a tribe found among both Rajputs and Jats. Interestingly, in different parts of Punjab, the way to pronounce the word Chadhar differs. For example it is commonly pronounced Chadhar but in some areas of the Punjab, like the cities of Jhang and other adjoining districts, it is pronounced as Chadhrar, while in the Majha, Doaba and Malwa areas it is pronounced as Chandhar.
Chadhars claim descent from Chandarh, the son of Raja Ravilan of the lineage of king Pandu of the Mahabharata. They belong to the Chandra Vanshi branch of the Rajputs, and it is widely believed that they are a branch of the Tomar Rajputs, with the branch of the tribe of in Jhang saying that they are the descendants of Raja Toor and that they migrated into the Punjab fromRajputana.

Origin

Found along the whole length of the Chenab and Ravi valleys, but far most numerous in Jhang, where they for the most part regard themselves as Rajputs, the Chadhars claim to be descended from Rajah Tur, Tunwar.  According to their traditions, in 1193 AD, when Mohammad Shahabuddin Ghauri invaded India, the clan moved from Rajasthan to the Punjab. Some went to Bahawalpur, where they were converted to Islam by Pir Shershah (Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari) of Uchch Sharif. If this tradition iss correct, they have been Muslims now for over 8 centuries. However, its worth mentioning, there are still Chadhars in the Doaba who are Sikh by faith.

From Bahawalpur, they migrated north, along the course of the rivers Ravi River and River Chenab. They clashed with those tribes already settled in the region such as the Kharal, Harals and Sial tribes over the possession of essential water resources. They are generally recognized by their neighbours as a branch of the Tomar Rajputs. The northern most Chadhar are found in villages in Pind Dadan Khan tehsil of Jhelum, as such the tribe is very widely spread.

Interestingly, the Chandarhs were the villains in the famous Punjabi romance story of Mirza Sahiban. It is said that Mirza Kharal, the hero of the story, was slain by Chadhars as Sahiban, the heroine was betrothed to Zahir Khan, the son of Jham Khan, a Chandarh Jatts. Because of this murder, it is said that there were many battles between Chandarh and Kharals.
Chadhar sub clans.

 According Chadhar genealogists, they are divided into several sub-clans, most of which are found in Jhang. These include:
1. Aasi
2. Wejhwe
3. Wijhalke
4. Warbhu
5. Kulle
6. Kaloke
7. Jappa
8. Lune or Loone
9. Sajanke
10. Nalere (sometimes pronounced Lalere)
11. Kangar
12. Rajoke
13. Kamoke
14. Harya
15. Paroke
16. Jatoke
17. Deoke
18. Moona
19. Majoka
20. Paajike
21. Chookhia
22. Wallara
23. Thabal,
24. Sajankey,

Many Chadar villages are named after these sub-tribes like Wijhalke and Kaloke and Chak Sajanke and Chak Loone and Mauza Wllara on the right and left banks of the Chenab in the Chiniot District. Well known villages of Chandarhs in other areas of Punjab include Chandarh, Rajeana, Dhaaban, Awan and Rampur.

About their clans, the British colonial ethnographer E. D. Maclagan wrote the following:

The Chaddrars are Tunwars. Their chief tribes in the Sandal Bar are the Rajokes, Kamokes, Jappas, Luns, Pajikes, Deokes, Ballankes, Saiokes, etc. The Chadhars of the Bar are said to have expanded from Dhaban, a small rahna or encampment south-west of Khurianwala. The Luns of Awanwala in the Bar say they have been there for seven generations. At Bajla rahna there is a separate class of Luns or Lunas called Bala Luns, who celebrate marriages, wash the dead and so forth, and act more or less as mullas

Rajputs or Jats?


Jhang Chadhars claim that they are Rajputs, while Chadhras of some areas of Punjab claim to be Jats, in particular those found in the Manjha and Sialkot-Gujrat sub-mountain region. According to the Census of 1881, 26404 Chandars recorded themselves as Jats and 177,746 recorded themselves as Rajputs. Furthermore, the gazetteer of Jhang District (1881 – 1884), Chandarhs are considered to be good farmers and rarely indulged in cattle rustling or theft unlike their neighbours, the Sials, Kharals and others. The distinction in the valley of the Jhelum is not quite that clear, however, with regards to the Chadhars, their neighbours generally if sometimes grudgingly accept their status as Rajput

Distribution

Chadhars occupy a large area of land on the left bank of the Chenab, in the Jhang District, starting from Khiwa (along the boundaries of the Sials) to the adjoining areas of Sayyids of Rajoea Sadaat. Their main village is Tahli Mangeeni which is said to be their throne or Takht. Other villages include Chak 20 Gagh and Thatha Jhamb.

The Chadhars are found in districts of Jhang, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Sahiwal, Sheikhupura, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Khanewal, Multan, Bhakkar, Bahawalpur, Okara and also in some parts of Sindh. There is also a village named Chadhrar near Tank, in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Some of the Chadhars settled in the Firozpur District in Indian Punjab and founded the village of Chandarh near Mudki. Others settled in Nakodar near Jalandhar. As Muslim Jats, most of the Chadhar Jats shifted from Ferozepur to Amritsar, and Gurdaspur after partition. Most of these Chadhars are now found in Faisalabad.

Chadhars of Chakwal, Jhelum, Khushab and Mianwali:

In Chakwal District, where the northern most Chadhar settlements are found, important villages include Dhok Chadhar, Dhok Miyal, Punjain and Chak Baqar Shah. In Jhelum District, they are found in the village of Abdullahpur and in Lilla town. While accross the Jhelum river in Mandi Bahauddin, they are found in the villages of Beerpindi Jharana, Bosaal, Bukkan, Gohri and Mangat, Mian da Lok. In Mianwali District, they are found in Sultanwala.

Distribution of Chadhar Jats According to the 1901 Census of India

District Population
Chenab Colony 8,691
Jhang 6,345
Multan 3,734
Shahpur 3,303
Montgomery 2,495
Amritsar 1,733
Mianwali 1,226
Montgomery 525
Other Districts 1,128
Total Population 29,180

 

 

Lilla and Phaphra

In this post, I will look at two tribes, namely the Phaphra and Lilla, who live in close proximity to each other in the Pind Dadan Khan region of Jhelum. Both of them have been called Jat, and here I wish to make a point. Both these tribes claim to an extra sub-continental descent, the Phaphra claim to be Mughal, while the Lilla Qureshi. Yet, the definition of Jat is elastic enough in this region for both these tribes to be included in the Jat category. What makes someone a Jat here is whether other tribes of Jat status will intermarry with them. I would also ask the reader to look at my article on the Jalap, which gives some background on the Jats of the Jhelum region.

Phaphra

Phaphra is small tribe of Mughal status, also found in Pind Dadan Khan plains located north of the river Jhelum.

The tribe claims to be Barlas Mughals, and get its name from an ancestor named Phaphra, who settled in the district in the 15th Century. So who exactly are the Barlas, and I shall briefly look at this group of medieval Mongols. According to the Secret History of the Mongols, written during the reign of Ögedei Khan [r. 1229-1241], the Barlas shared ancestry with the Borjigin, the imperial clan of Genghis Khan and his successors, and other Mongol clans. The leading clan of the Barlas traced its origin to Qarchar Barlas, head of one of Chagatai’s regiments. Qarchar Barlas was a descendant of the legendary Mongol warlord Bodonchir (Bodon Achir; Bodon’ar Mungqaq), who was also considered a direct ancestor of Genghis Khan. Due to extensive contacts with the native population of Central Asia, the tribe had adopted the religion of Islam, and the Chagatai language, a Turkic language of the Qarluq branch, which was heavily influenced by Arabic and Persian. Timur, the ancestor of the Mughal dynasty belonged to the Barlas clan, and therefore that would connect the Paphra with the Mughals.

As their little historic evidence to connect the Phaphra with the Mughals, there is some scepticism as to their claim of Mughal ancestry. British settlement documents from the late 19th and early 20th Century refer refer to them as a “semi-Jat tribe”. As I have already mentioned, the word Jat in the Jhelum region often means a cultivator. The fact that the Phaphra often intermarry with neighbouring tribes such as the Lilla and Gondal, who are considered as Jat often reinforces the perception that the Phaphra are Jat.

According to Phaphra traditions, they came to this district from the direction of Faridkot, in what is now in East Punjab India. They settled in India around 15th Century, slightly earlier then the Mughal takeover of the Punjab. The Phaphra settled here as agriculturists, getting their name from their leader at that time Phaphra. However some other traditions claim he was called Nittharan. According to a family tree kept by Chaudharies of Gharibwal, the largest landowners among the tribe, gives their genealogy as follows:
Harbans or Shah Ibrahim (a descendent of Timur), Tilochar, Shah, Mal, Phaphra, Pheru, Vatra, Jatri, Harsh or Arif, Tulla, Nado, Hardev, Mahpal, and finally Nittharan.

Nittharan is said to have five sons namely; Gharib, (descendants in Gharibwal), Samman (Sammanwal), Ichhcin (son’s name Sau, descendants in Sauwal), Rao (Rawal), and Dhudhi (Dhudhi, and Qadarpur). Some of the earlier names are clearly Hindu, although this does not itself preclude their claim to Barlas ancestry. But there position in Jhelum society was more akin that of the Jats then the Mughals. Their headmen use the title Chaudhary, and their customs are very similar to the Gondals, the largest Jat tribe in their vicinity. The Phaphra are now divided into two rival clans, the Dhudhial, from the village of Dhudhi Paphra and Sadowalia from those who belong to the village of Sadowal.

The Paphra occupy a compact area of about 25 square miles at the foot of the Salt Range, east of Pind Dadan Khan in Jhelum District .The main Mughals Phaphra villages are Chak Danial, Chak Shadi, Chakri Karam Khan, Dewanpur, Dhudi Paphra, Ghareebwal, Jutana, Karimpur, Kaslian, Kot Phaphra, Kot Shumali, Rawal, Sidhandi, Sammanwal, Sadowal, Saowall, Shah Kamir, Qadirpur, Thil, Warnali, and Warra Phaphra, all in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil of Jhelum District. In Chakwal District they are found in Dhok Virk and Jotana. Mohra Phaphra is a lone Phaphra village in Rawalpindi District. Across the Jhelum, in Mandi Bahauddin District the Paphra are also found in villages of Phaphra, Chak No 29 and Nurpur Piran.

Lila

The next tribe I will look are the Lila, who are also found above the Jhelum in Pind Dadan Khan District.

According to their tribal traditions, they originally located in Arabia, being relations of the Prophet on his mother’s side. This would make the Lila’s Qureshi by origin. They then left Arabia under the leadership of an individual named Haris, who migrated to India, with a band of 160 men and settled at a place called Masnad in Hindustan, which they say still exists as a small town or village, though its exact situation is not known. This happened in the time of Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni. However, the Lilla did not stay long in Masnad, and moved to Multan. There they became disciples of the pir Ghaus Shah. The Pir warned them that they would prosper as long as they remained united, but that any disagreements within the tribe would lead to their ruin.

Accompanied by Ghaus Shah, the tribe settled in Shahidiwalian, near present day Gujranwala. After they had been settled there for some time the locals of the place began to get tired of the trouble they caused, and made complaint to the Emperor at: Delhi, who ordered that they should be moved on.

The local governor was ordered to expel them and succeeded in dividing the tribe into two factions, which fought a pitched battle. The defeated party dispersed and its descendants are now found near the Chenab, mainly in what’s now Mandi Bahaudin District, while the others, weakened by the struggle, migrated to the Pind Dadan Khan plain, led by Lilla Buzurg, whose is considered the ancestor by all the present Lillas. When Lilla arrived at their present location, the tract was then occupied a tribe of Hal Jats. As I have already mentioned in the section on the Hal, the Lillas proceeded exterminated this tribe, barring one pregnant woman, who had managed to escape. According to the tribal traditions of the Awan, who villages border those of the Lilla, they were first settle the area by the Jhelum, which was a swamp.Despite the claim to Qureshi ancestry, the Lilla are considered as Jats by their neighbours and intermarry with other tribes of Jat status such as the Gondal, Jethal, Phaphra and Wariaches.

The four ancestral villages of the tribe are Lilla Bhera (also known as Mainowana), Lilla Bharwana, Lilla Hindwana, and Lilla Guj, which are said to be named after their founders, Maino, Bharo, Hindo, and Guj. Each of these villages are named after their founders, Maino, Bharo, Hindo, and Guj. The tribe holds about 40 square miles of territory between Pind Dadan Khan town and the Salt Range in the Jhelum District, and form the majority in the villages of Chak Hameed, Jalalpur Sharif, Lilla Handwana, Lilla Goj, Lilla Bhera (also known as Mainowana) and Rawal in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil. There also a second cluster of Lilla villages on the banks of the Jhelum River in Khushab District, such as Kotla Jagir, Mohibpur and Waheer. While in Mandi Bahauddin District, they are found in Bohat, and further south in Sargodha District, they are found in Bhikhi Khurd, descendants of the second group of Lillas who dispersed to the Chenab.

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1891 Census of India

In 1891 the total Jat population was 4,625,523, of which Muslim Jats numbered 1,771,034. I would also ask the reader to look at my posts on the Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1901 Census of India and Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1911 Census of India. Both these posts give a breakdown of the larger Jat clans. The process of counting up clans began with the 1891 Census. However only the 68 largest clans were enumerated separately, the rest simply declared miscellaneous. Deciding whether a clan was Jat or Rajput ended up being an arbitrary process. For example in the 1891 Census, the Gondals declared themselves all as Rajputs. while in 1901 a total of 2,508 declared themselves as Jats, while the majority of 36,088 declared themselves to be Rajput. By the 1911 Census, almost all Gondals, about 62,320 declared themselves as Jats, while a mere 31 declared themselves as Rajputs.

Wariach 54,499 Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Sidhu 48,668 Hissar, Jallandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Sandhu 28,011 Hissar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang and Multan
Tarar 25,619 Lahore, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Jhelum and Chenab Colony
Bajwa 25,255 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Jallandhar and Patiala State
Gill 19,573 Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bhutta 16,376 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Multan and Chenab Colony
Virk 16,052 Gujranwala, Chenab Colony, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Ghumman 15,044 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Goraya 13,039 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Sipra 11,908 Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Dhillon 11,864 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot Mianwali, and Chenab Colony
Kahlon 10,854 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Chatha 10,574 Patiala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Thaheem 10,382 Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Chhina 10,058 Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Rawalpindi, Mianwali, Chenab Colony and Dera Ghazi Khan
Langah 9,905 Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Bains 8,963 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Shahpur, Chenab Colony, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Cheema 8,676 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Sahi 8,619 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujrat, Jhelum and Sialkot
Randhawa 7,994 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Harral 7,869 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Jhang, and Chenab Colony
Langrial 7,811 Sialkot, Gujrat and Multan
Soomra / Samra 7,065 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur
Aulakh 5,916 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Amritsar, and Jallandhar
Dhariwal 5,685 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Maan 5,210 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Sarai 4,496 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala and Jallandhar
Chahal 4,805 Ambala, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Bhullar 4,419 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Lahore
Mangat 3,919 Patiala, Ludhiana, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Hanjra 3,852 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Chandhar/ Chadhar 3,822 Montgomery, Amritsar, Firuzpur, Lahore, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali, Multan, Jhelum, Shahpur and Chenab Colony
Heer 3,662 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Kang 3,571 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Chenab Colony
Naul 3,440 Jhang
Lodike 3,233 Gujranwala
Dhotar 2,596 Gujranwala and Gujrat
Deo / Dev 2,336 Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Pannun 2,161 Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Atwal 2,040 Amritsar, Ludhiana, Chenab Colony and Jallandhar
Bhangu 1,662 Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Chenab Colony
Sohal 1,648 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Dalal 1,618 Hissar, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Marral or Marhal 1,547 Karnal, Patiala and Jhang
Waseer 1,513 Chenab Colony
Bal 1,312 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lahore, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Mahil 1,081 Ambala, Hoshiarpur and Amritsar
Bahiniwal / Wahiniwal 1,058 Montgomery, Hissar, Rohtak and Firuzpur
Jakhar 1,051 Hissar, Firuzpur, Bahawalpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, and Multan
Sarah 1,027 Firuzpur,
Pawania 982 Karnal, Hissar and Firuzpur
Buttar 916 Dera Ghazi Khan, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Dhindsa 888 Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Nain 726 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Ahlawat 634 Rohtak
Dahya 432 Ambala, Bahawalpur, Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Butta 420 Chenab Colony
Rathi 374 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Dhankar 203 Delhi and Rohtak
Godara 170 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Dagar 156 Rohtak and Delhi
Ghatwala or Malik 134 Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Phogat 114 Karnal and Rohtak
Gulia 112 Mianwali
Gandhi 97 Mianwali
Deshwal / Deswal 87 Hissar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Sahrawat 27 Karnal, Rohtak and Gurgaon
Miscellaneous clans 1,290,075

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1901 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my posts Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1891 Census of India/ and Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 58,936 Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Jhelum, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Cheema 39,358 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Bajwa 27,609 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Jallandhar and Patiala State
Chandhar/ Chadhar 27,422 Montgomery, Amritsar, Firuzpur, Lahore, Jhang, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali, Multan, Jhelum, Shahpur and Chenab Colony
Sandhu 25,786 Hissar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang and Multan
Tarar 25,606 Lahore, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Jhelum and Chenab Colony
Gill 19,894 Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Firuzpur, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Virk 19,703 Gujranwala, Chenab Colony, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, Lahore and Amritsar
Ghumman 16,893 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Hanjra 15,892 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bains 14,398 Ambala, Hoshiarpur, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Gujrat, Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Shahpur, Chenab Colony, Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhutta 14,208 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali, Multan and Chenab Colony
Goraya 14,076 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Bhatti 13,682 Shahpur, Jhelum, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Langrial 12,960 Sialkot, Gujrat and Multan
Dhillon 12.913 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot Mianwali, and Chenab Colony
Sipra 12,558 Patiala, Montgomery, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Shahpur (Sargodha), Chenab Colony, Jhang, Multan and Bahawalpur
Heer 11,839 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Montgomery, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Soomra / Samra 11,509 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur
Chatha 11,483 Patiala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Sahi 11,478 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujrat, Jhelum and Sialkot
Sidhu 11,322 Hissar, Jallandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat and Chenab Colony
Parhar 11,099 Shahpur, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Thaheem 11,023 Multan, Bahawalpur, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Kahlon 10,809 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Langah 10,808 Shahpur, Muzaffargarh, Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Multan and Bahawalpur
Harral 10,599 Gujranwala, Shahpur, Mianwali, Gujrat, Jhang, and Chenab Colony
Chachar 10,079 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Randhawa 9,617 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Chhina 8,492 Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Rawalpindi, Mianwali, Chenab Colony and Dera Ghazi Khan
Panwar or Puar 7,900 Bahawalpur and Firuzpur
Chelar 7,529 Bahawalpur
Babbar 6,657 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Muzaffargarh
Kang 6,580 Patiala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gujrat, Multan, Muzaffargarh and Chenab Colony
Sandhel 6,215 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Bahawalpur
Maan 5,939 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Aulakh 5,838 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Amritsar, and Jallandhar
Sarai 5,746 Lahore, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Ambala and Jallandhar
Janjua 5,394 Mianwali, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Jodhra 5,157 Attock
Mangat 5000 Patiala, Ludhiana, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Autrah 4,962 Multan, Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Ghallu 4.906 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Buttar 4,923 Dera Ghazi Khan, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala and Sialkot
Dhariwal 4,884 Ambala, Hissar, Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chahal 4,466 Ambala, Ludhiana, Firuzpur, Amritsar, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Sahu 4,294 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Dosanjh 4,198 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Sial 4,169 Rawalpindi and Mianwali
Jakhar 4,165 Hissar, Firuzpur, Bahawalpur, Mianwali, Montgomery, and Multan
Lak 3,971 Shahpur, Jhang, Chenab Colony, Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhullar 3,905 Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Jalandhar and Lahore
Naij 3,894 Bahawalpur
Bohar 3,833 Bahawalpur and Dera Ghazi Khan
Khaki 3,801 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Bahawalpur
Khokhar 3,735 Gujranwala
Malana 3,609 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dahya 3,602 Ambala, Bahawalpur, Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Mohana 3,591 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deo / Dev 3,549 Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali and Chenab Colony
Lodike 3,269 Gujranwala
Malak 3,264 Bahawalpur
Atwal 3,200 Jalandhar and Amritsar
Lali 3,137 Shahpur and Jhang
Samma 3,084 Bahawalpur
Kharal 3,046 Gujranwala
Kalru 2,956 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Kanyal 2,944 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Khera or Khaira 2,942 Lahore, Amritsar and Sialkot
Sahotra 2,805 Hoshiarpur, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Maitla 2,765 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Phor 2,738 Multan and Dera Ghazi Khan
Lakaul 2,675 Muzaffargarh and Dera Ghazi Khan
Dhotar 2,545 Gujranwala and Gujrat
Gondal 2,508 Jhelum, Rawalpindi and Chenab Colony
Bassi 2,449 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sohal 2,383 Jalandhar, Ludhiana, Patiala, Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Sangi 2,338 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Kapurthala
Naul 2,311 Jhang
Aura 2,329 Rawalpindi
Kalasra 2,284 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Bahiniwal / Wahiniwal 2,227 Montgomery, Hissar, Rohtak and Firuzpur
Daha 2,222 Muzaffargarh, Multan and Bahawalpur
Dhamial 2,209 Rawalpindi and Jhelum
Johal 2,199 Amritsar, Kapurthala, Jalandhar and Chenab Colony
Nonari 2,086 Multan, Muzaffargarh, Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Channar 1,959 Multan and Bahawalpur
Lang 1,873 Multan
Mahil 1,861 Ambala, Hoshiarpur and Amritsar
Nanwai 1,833 Bahawalpur
Uttera 1,817 Multan and Bahawalpur
Kalial 1,791 Rawalpindi
Sudhan 1,765 Rawalpindi
Pannun 1,752 Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Sialkot and Chenab Colony
Chhajra 1,648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Barra 1,597 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhachar 1,588 Mianwali
Jakhlan 1,584 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalwar 1,582 Bahawalpur
Khatreel 1,578 Rawalpindi
Rehan 1,573 Jhang and Shahpur
Hans 1,542 Multan, Muzaffargarh and Montgomery
Waseer 1,513 Chenab Colony
Jhammat 1,508 Mianwali and Jhelum
Turk 1,499 Mianwali
Kohawer 1,487 Mianwali
Kahka 1,453 Bahawalpur
Gandhi 1,452 Mianwali
Bal 1,439 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Lahore, Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Marral or Marhal 1,434 Karnal, Patiala and Jhang
Sahmal 1,417 Jhang and Chenab Colony
Tulla 1,403 Sargodha
Asar 1,400 Mianwali
Sanda 1,398 Bahawalpur and Mianwali
Gilotar 1,394 Jhang
Dumra 1,357 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Turkhel 1,344 Mianwali
Sekhon 1,335 Gujranwala
Kahu 1,331 Chenab Colony
Dahar / Dahiri 1,327 Bahawalpur
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Kalu 1,301 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur
Lohanch 1,275 Mianwali and Muzaffargarh
Wagha 1,273 Chenab Colony
Rawn 1,213 Multan
Bhidwal 1,207 Mianwali
Hanbi 1,207 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhangu 1,186 Amritsar, Gurdaspur and Chenab Colony
Khandoa 1,168 Mianwali
Chaudhari 1,162 Bahawalpur
Ser 1,144 Mianwali
Uttra 1,145 Mianwali
Kalyar 1,123 Multan
Rawn 1,212 Multan
Talokar 1,096 Mianwali
Jhawari 1,092 Shahpur
Mahe 1,050 Multan
Ganja 1,047 Bahawalpur
Tonwar / Tomar 1,038 Bahawalpur
Dhindsa 1,032 Jalandhar, Kapurthala, Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lahore, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Sialkot, and Chenab Colony
Kachela 1,010 Multan
Samtia 1,007 Mianwali
Joiya 993 Bahawalpur, Firuzpur and Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur
Panjootha 966 Shahpur
Grewal 965 Ludhiana
Dhudhi 965 Mianwali
Dhandla 929 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhaya 923 Bahawalpur
Kajla 922 Dera Ghazi Khan
Hidan 915 Jhang
Dab 908 Jhang
Bar 899 Chenab Colony
Minhas 824 Jhelum
Dakah 823 Bahawalpur
Gorchhar 807 Mianwali
Shajra 796 Multan and Bahawlpur
Bhumla 793 Mianwali
Lar 778 Multan and Muzaffargarh
Mahaar 773 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Kanera 765 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahla 756 Chenab Colony
Kalhora 725 Bahawalpur
Panuhan 723 Multan
Jora 718 Shahpur
Jappa 706 Jhang
Jatal 703 Rawalpindi
Kolar 661 Bahawalpur
Burana 657 Shahpur
Khichi 651 Bahawalpur
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Baghial 647 Rawalpindi
Dhandhu 643 Bahawalpur
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur
Dhamtal 635 Rawalpindi
Manela 628 Bahawalpur
Kanju 626 Multan
Raad 618 Multan
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Butta 610 Chenab Colony
Rajoke 607 Chenab Colony
Mial or Miyal 599 Rawalpindi
Maghial 596 Rawalpindi
Bhakral 585 Jhelum
Pawania 581 Karnal, Hissar and Firuzpur
Lodhra 580 Multan
Pawania 576 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bedha 572 Mianwali
Masson 563 Bahawalpur
Nissowana 560 Shahpur and Jhang
Ghatwala or Malik 556 Hissar, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Marath 549 Shahpur
Sanghera 544 Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Basra 540 Gurdaspur and Sialkot
Thathaal 534 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Murali 526 Jhang
Khal 512 Bahawalpur
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur
Dharal 499 Mianwali
Burara 498 Bahawalpur
Kohadar 496 Bahawalpur
Badhan 494 Rawalpindi, Jhelum and Sialkot
Magrial 486 Rawalpindi
Chan 479 Muzaffargarh
Bhutt 475 Bahawalpur
Makwal 473 Dera Ghazi Khan and Bahawalpur
Sutera 468 Bahawalpur
Sehwag 462 Karnal and Rohtak
Dasa 459 Bahawalpur
Nain 456 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Jaam 448 Bahawalpur
Sagoo 445 Shahpur (Sargodha)
Rak 435 Multan
Khalne 412 Bahawalpur
Wattu 411 Chenab Colony
Sandi 410 Mianwali
Jhar 402 Dera Ghazi Khan
Deshwal / Deswal 400 Hissar, Gurgaon, Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Khar 389 Muzaffargarh
Jaj 382 Chenab Colony
Noon 377 Multan
Dhal 374 Shahpur
Mohal 373 Montgomery and Bahawalpur
Budhwana 366 Mianwali
Rathi 363 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Chauhan 361 Lahore and Amritsar
Gahora 352 Bahawalpur
Gaun 349 Multan
Manais 332 Montgomery
Sahgra 331 Multan
Unnar 329 Bahawalpur
Toor 329 Patiala State
Gangal 325 Rawalpindi
Kathia 320 Montgomery
Matyal 314 Rawalpindi
Athangal 308 Multan
Sarah 300 Firuzpur,
Dona 290 Multan
Kont 288 Bahawalpur
Siroha 281 Rohtak
Mahota 277 Multan
Bucha 275 Multan
Bhagiara 270 Rawalpindi
Gawanis 262 Chenab Colony
Wawana 258 Mianwali
Kalasan 252 Jhang
Jhak 246 Bahawalpur
Hurgan 236 Shahpur
Chauhan-Hamshira 233 Bahawalpur
Tama 231 Jhelum
Hundal 230 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Mangral 226 Rawalpindi
Hattial 222 Rawalpindi
Suddle 221 Multan
Khehi 219 Bahawalpur
Kudhan 216 Jhang
Kassar 216 Jhelum
Rawana 215 Mianwali
Salhal 215 Rawalpindi
Mangon 204 Jhang
Kasra 204 Jhang
Bhindar 194 Gujranwala
Harrial 194 Rawalpindi
Nehon 184 Bahawalpur
Atar Khel 181 Mianwali
Waghora 173 Mianwali
Godara 170 Karnal, Rohtak and Delhi
Phira 170 Rawalpindi
Pala Khel 169 Mianwali
Balani 167 Chenab Colony
Pandah 165 Multan
Des 158 Mianwali
Markhand 155 Bahawalpur
Hannial 155 Rawalpindi
Mundra 150 Rawalpindi
Targar 150 Jhang
Matmal 149 Jhang
Dagur 148 Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Kalu Khel 147 Mianwali
Lidhar 141 Amritsar and Chenab Colony
Gallat 138 Rohtak
Phal 135 Rawalpindi
Walana 132 Rawalpindi
Sian 131 Chenab Colony
Birkan 130 Mianwali
Chal 123 Multan
Sangah 123 Bahawalpur
Tatla 117 Chenab Colony
Sahrawat 108 Karnal, Rohtak and Gurgaon
Hasnana 104 Jhang
Khalis 102 Rawalpindi
Narwal 101 Karnal
Dalal 97 Hissar, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Delhi
Bandecha 90 Lahore
Chandhran 76 Multan
Kookara 55 Jhang
Ahlawat 48 Rohtak
Baidwan 47 Ambala
Rohal 44 Karnal and Rohtak
Dhankar 42 Delhi and Rohtak
Sheoran 37 Hissar and Karnal
Salakhlan 25 Rohtak
Gulia 17 Rohtak and Delhi
Sethi 14 Ludhiana
Boparai 13 Ludhiana
Aujla Malerkotla 11
Kadian 11 Karnal

 

Population of Muslim Jat Clans of British Punjab According to the 1911 Census of India

Bellow is a breakdown of the larger Jat clans by population. I would also the reader to look at my post Major Muslim Jat clans, which gives a brief description of the main clans.

 

Tribe Population Distribution
Wariach 66,392 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Gondal 62,320 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Jhelum, Lahore, Sargodha and Rawalpindi
Cheema 37,076 Multam, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bhatti 35,289 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Lahore, Sahiwal / Okara, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khokhar 33,032 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sahiwal, Okara, Lahore and Hissar
Sandhu 32,632 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Gujrat, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargo dha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Kharal 24,702 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara, Lahore, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Gujranwala, Sargodha
Bajwa 23,501 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Gill 22,861 Multan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujtanwala, Lahore, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Tarar 22,351 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jhelum, Sialkot and Sargodha
Sial 21,251 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Lahore and Rawalpindi
Chadhar/Chandher 19,396 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Muzaffargarh, Sialkot, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, and Firuzpur
Bhutta 17,306 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum, Sargodha
Virk 16,153 Multan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, and Jalandhar
Ghumman 13,826 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Hanjra 12,844 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sargodha, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Joiya 12,044 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Firuzpur, Sahiwal /Okara, Lahore, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar
Kahlon 11,942 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Gurdaspur Amritsar, and Jalandhar
Chachar 11,783 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Dhillon 11,561 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Ludhiana,Lahore, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Sialkot
Bains /Waince 11,487 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujrat, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum, Sargodha, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chhina 10,424 Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar,Rawalpindi, Gurdaspur, Amritsar, and Jalandhar
Thaheem 10,088 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan and Multan
Khichi 10,067 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Sargodha and Multan
Harral 9,553 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Jhelum, Sargodha and Gujranwala
Randhawa 9,261 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Goraya 8,707 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Sargodha, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, and Jalandhar
Panwar or Puar 8,568 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
Nonari 8,236 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Muzaffargarh / Layyah and Multan
Sahi 7,947 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Lahore, Gujrat, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sidhu 7,856 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Langah 7,766 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sargodha, Mianwali / Bhakkar and Multan
Soomra 7,742 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Thathaal 7,550 Gujrat, Sialkot, Jhelum, Gurdaspur and Rawalpindi
Ranjha 7,536 Sargodha
Bulla 6,691 Multan
Babbar 6,657 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Noon 6,493 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, and Sargodha – most Noon in Sargodha declared themselves to be Rajput
Awan 6,232 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Lahore
Dhamial 6,232 Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Daha 6,041 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Heer 6,013 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Sialkot, Lahore, Gujrat, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chatha 5,963 Multan, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Muzaffargarh, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sipra 5,886 Jhang, Faisalabad, Gujrat, Gujranwala and Multan
Lak 5,803 Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha
Mekan 5,435 Sargodha
Ghallu 5,313 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali
Bohar 5,308 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Dera Ghazi Khan
Bab 5,257 Dera Ghazi Khan
Parhar 5,118 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargah, Jhang, Bhakkar, Sargodha and Multan
Bassi 5,090 Kapurthala and Jalandhar
Maan 4,955 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Hissar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Dhudhi 4,903 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Jhang, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Jhelum, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Langrial 4,489 Multan, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Gujrat
Mahra 4,810 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Jhang and Multan
Bangial 4,798 Jhelum, Rawalpindi, Sialkot and Gujrat
Dhariwal 4,449 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Amritsar, Gujranwala, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Ludhiana, Sialkot Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Naich 4,379 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manjotha 4,348 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mahaar 4,277 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Aulakh 4,245 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Mianwali, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Malak 4,042 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Basra 4,041 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar
Jhammat 4,030 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum
Chahal 4,024 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gujranwala, Ambala, Lahore, Amritsar, Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khera or Khaira 3,958 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Faisalabad, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chauhan 3,910 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Gujrat, Lahore and Patiala State
Kang 3,887 Ambala, Amritsar, Gujrat, Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh / Layyah, Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Kapurthala and Sialkot
Sahu 3,864 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Faisalabad, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Muzaffargarh
Maij 3,786 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Mallana 3,771 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali
Sandhila 4,566 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Mianwali and Multan
Chaughata 3,728 Multan and Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kanyal 3,527 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Kalyal 3,168 Jhelum and Rawalpindi
Bilar 3,147 Multan
Buttar 3,067 Dera Ghazi Khan, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sahotra 3,035 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Targar 3,011 Mianwali
Mangat 2,962 Ambala, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Sujal 2,954 Sargodha
Janjua 2,876 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Mianwali / Bhakkar,Muzaffargarh / Layyah, Hoshiarpur and Patiala State – most Janjua declared themselves as Rajputs
Sarai 2,827 Sialkot, Gujranwala, Gujrat, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Lang 2,715 Multan
Lakaul 2,675 Dera Ghazi Khan, Muzaffargarh
Lodike 2,675 Gujranwala
Rawn 2,616 Multan
Hans 2,573 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Muzaffargarh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Khak 3,161 Multan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Bhullar 2,544 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Kachela 2,517 Dera Ghazi Khan and Multan
Wehi 2,509 Multan
Arar 2,478 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Mianwali / Bhakkar
Dosanjh 2,473 Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Atwal 2,430 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Ambala, Ludhiana, Gurdaspur Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Khakhi 2,418 Muzaffargarh and Multan
Kallu 2,403 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Uttera 2,392 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan and Lodhran
Jajularu 2,379 Multan
Asar 2,352 Mianwali
Lali 2,324 Jhang, Sargodha
Dhaku 2,295 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan,Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Sargodha
Lurka 2,288 Faisalabad
Waseer 2,266 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh and Multan
Auler Khel 2,244 Mianwali
Rajoke 2,243 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Dhal 2,210 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Arain 2,192 Multan
Bhakral 2,147 Jhelum
Chapal 2,120 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jakhar 2,275 Multan, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan, Mianwali/ Bhakkar, Firuzpur, and Hissar
Lona 2,062 Jhang, Faisalabad
Sambar 2,030 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatril 2,004 Rawalpindi
Sohal 1,985 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Sargodha, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Deo 1,961 Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Barra 1,927 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aulara 1,915 Mianwali
Pannun 1,914 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Rehan 1,880 Sargodha
Khar 1,853 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Mianwali, Bhakkar/Layyah
Nanwa 1,833 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Nagyal 1,830 Jhelum
Bhasa 1,829 Multan
Raya 1,790 Jhelum
Bhachar 1,719 Mianwali
Marral 1,705 Jhang,Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Changar 1,704 Faisalabad and Dera Ghazi Khan
Wattu 1,695 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Tonwar / Tomar 1,691 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur almost all the Tonwar declared themselves as Rajput
Kalsan 1,690 Jhang, Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Wahla 1,688 Faisalabad, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Panwat 1,676 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jammun 1,657 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Malil 1,633 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Larsan 1,609 Multan
Jajalani 1,571 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makwal 1,564 Dera Ghazi Khan, Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bhamb 1,552 Sargodha
Chhajra 1,507 Mianwali and Dera Ghazi Khan
Gilotar 1,497 Jhang
Kalru 1,488 Muzaffargarh
Mahun 1,471 Jhang
Jora 1,457 Mianwali / Bhakkar, Sargodha
Dahya 1,391 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Hissar, Ambala – most Dahya declared themselves as Rajputs
Kundi 1,338 Mianwali
Wasli 1,327 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh and Multan
Tulla 1,311 Sargodha
Dahar or Dahiri 1,307 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Dakhna 1,303 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalasra 1,281 Muzaffargarh
Talokar 1,274 Mianwali
Kalwar 1,271 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur most Kalwar registered themselves as a seperate caste
Gujar 1,265 Jhang
Mekan 1,229 Jhelum
Bhidwal 1,295 Mianwali
Jhullan 1,285 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Parohe 1,253 Multan
Nourangi 1,247 Multan
Bahiniwal 1,225 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Dawana 1,210 Multan
Chani 1,204 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan, Dera Ghazi Khan
Khatarmal 1,184 Jhelum
Bagwar 1,179 Multan
Ghagar 1,177 Multan
Mahla 1,160 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Sangi 1,159 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Matyal 1,147 Jhelum
Khinger 1,146 Jhelum
Tatri 1,122 Sargodha
Johal 1,115 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Gurdaspur, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Aheer 1,101 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Sargodha
Jhawari 1,092 Sargodha
Sadraj 1,091 Multan
Bar 1,084 Faisalabad
Dhar 1,074 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Samma 1,072 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kanera 1,071 Dera Ghazi Khan, Mianwali
Aishiani 1,058 Dera Ghazi Khan
Khat 1,055 Sargodha
Gorchhi 1,054 Mianwali
Gangal 1,049 Jhelum
Gauja 1,047 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kudhan 1,045 Jhang
Pansota 1,041 Faisalabad
Dara 1,040 Multan
Kalhora 1,031 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Thabal 1,019 Jhang
Naul 1,630 Jhang and Multan
Sahmal 994 Jhang
Lodhra 985 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Sandi 981 Mianwali
Duran 977 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Chachakar 974 Multan
Sadhari 974 Multan
Grewal 962 Ludhiana
Shakhani 961 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sandal 960 Multan
Chozan 958 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Maru 956 Jhang
Dhandla 949 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chimar 947 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Samitah 943 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kamoka 943 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Burana 935 Sargodha
Maho 934 Multan
Siana 933 Multan
Chanal 919 Multan
Hidan 914 Jhang
Katwal 912 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Batwani 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Samdana 895 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kakrial 894 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Pumma 893 Mianwali
Samra 880 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Gujranwala, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Phor 867 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalera 855 Sargodha
Dhandu 844 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Autrah 843 Muzaffargarh
Domra 822 Dera Ghazi Khan
Pattiwala 816 Multan
Awrah 814 Jhang
Badhan 813 Gujrat, Ambala and Karnal
Ghatwala also known as Malik 808 Karnal and Rohtak
Basar 807 Multan
Baghoor 807 Sargodha
Phaphra 802 Jhelum
Sattar 801 Jhang
Koral 794 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jaam 788 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Gujjral 788 Jhelum
Darakhe 785 Dera Ghazi Khan
Wahiniwal 782 Faisalabad
Lar 778 Muzaffargarh
Unu 777 Mianwali
Maitla 776 Dera Ghazi Khan
Chavan 775 Multan
Hanbi 769 Dera Ghazi Khan
Langra 766 Multan
Sailigar 757 Multan
Natt 755 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Parkar 753 Multan
Bandechha 750 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Amritsar
Dahral 738 Sargodha
Khanda 734 Jhelum
Hujjan 733 Dera Ghazi Khan
Atral 733 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bhatia 733 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Hundal 725 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh, Amritsar
Khaloti 720 Dera Ghazi Khan
Otrai 718 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalyar 715 Sargodha
Sagoo 715 Sargodha
Jatal 710 Jhelum
Ghogha 710 Jhelum
Hatiar 691 Sargodha
Hansi 691 Mianwali
Dangar 689 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Rongia 689 Multan
Kamboh 679 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan – outside Bahawalpur, almost all Kamboh registered themselves as a separate caste
Jhandir 679 Sahiwal /Okara / Pakpattan
Kanwan 678 Jhang
Suddle 674 Multan
Shaikha 674 Multan
Mahran 673 Multan
Mohana 663 Dera Ghazi Khan
Makkal 662 Mianwali
Asran 662 Mianwali
Mahesar 648 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mangil 656 Dera Ghazi Khan
Sangra 653 Mianwali
Khoti 646 Jhelum
Dhol 638 Dera Ghazi Khan
Bhadro 638 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Kaloke 638 Rawalpindi
Khombra 637 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Ganda 637 Rawalpindi
Ghani 628 Dera Ghazi Khan
Manela 628 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Dhindsa 627 Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Bhangu 625 Gujranwala, Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Jandral 618 Jhelum
Ruk 618 Multan
Tama 617 Jhelum
Lidhar 614 Sialkot, Gurdaspur and Lahore
Khatti 612 Dera Ghazi Khan
Aura 610 Rawalpindi
Chandram 608 Multan
Bagar 602 Multan
Sapral 600 Sahiwal / Okara / Pakpattan
Kalhar 600 Mianwali
Samachi 599 Multan
Panjootha 596 Sargodha
Ghorhawal 591 Mianwali
Bhander 589 Sargodha
Chahura 587 Mianwali
Bagril 586 Gujrat
Athar 581 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Pukhowara 581 Multan
Hariar 579 Jhelum
Lapra 579 Multan
Brakha 579 Sargodha
Charal 578 Multan
Rayar 578 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Sandrana 577 Sargodha
Serwal 572 Jhelum
Jangal 572 Jhelum
Kajla 558 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kande 557 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Kabru 554 Dera Ghazi Khan
Jarola 550 Sargodha
Samri 549 Multan
Marath 548 Sargodha
Joota 544 Jhelum
Saand 544 Mianwali
Hindan 541 Rawalpindi
Kathal 538 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jandi 538 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Masson 537 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Jauson 531 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Malhan 529 Dera Ghazi Khan
Kalia 525 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Bir 524 Multan
Meo 524 Dera Ghazi Khan – the relation of the Meo Jat of Dera Ghazi Khan and the Meo caste in Gurgaon, Alwar and Bharatpur is unclear. The Meo Jat claim an Arab origin
Samtia 524 Mianwali
Sansi 522 Gujranwala and Lahore
Dhamtal 520 Rawalpindi
Chhaj 510 Faisalabad
Bipar 508 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Chawali 506 Bahawalpur / Rahim Yar Khan
Khinge 506 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Nissowana 505 Sargodha
Bhawan 503 Sargodha
Barar 501 Dera Ghazi Khan
Mahi 498 Multan
Kohawer 496 Mianwali
Gadri 490 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Minhas 457 Jhelum
Sanghera 418 Ambala, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Chuna 415 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Mandahar 401 Patiala State
Nagra 366 Sialkot and Gurdaspur
Batth 340 Lahore
Deshwal 321 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak/td>
Kalair 312 Faisalabad / Toba Tek Singh
Godara 309 Hissar / Patiala State
Ghahi 301 Multan
Bal 298 Sialkot, Gurdaspur, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Marhal also sometimes called Mandal 280 Patiala State and Karnal – Muslim Nawabs of Karnal belonged to this tribe
Auntal 274 Jalandhar and Ludhiana
Ves 274 Sargodha
Turkhel 255 Mianwali
Panghal 229 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Janjhar 223 Patiala State
Jhalli 219 Patiala State
Tiwana 216 Patiala State – most Tiwana declared themselves as Rajputs
Punia 213 Hissar / Patiala State
Pawania 207 Hissar, Karnal and Patiala State
Billan 205 Patiala State
Malhi 205 Lahore, Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Raad 201 Multan
Narwal 191 Hissar
Sudhan 175 Rawalpindi
Mami 166 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Uppal 163 Faisalabad, Lahore, Gujranwala and Patiala State
Nain 162 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Sekhon 155 Lahore
Padda 151 Sialkot, and Gurdaspur
Jawana 150 Patiala State
Shajra 144 Multan
Rathi 144 Karnal and Hissar
Dhandhe 141 Patiala State
Mahil 134 Sialkot, Lahore, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Kapurthala
Maalta 121 Multan
Basati 120 Patiala State
Raparia 119 Patiala State / Hissar
Sunar 107 Rohtak
Aujla 107 Jalandhar
Bore 102 Patiala State
Bandar / Wandar 100 Firuzpur, Hissar and Sirsa
Baghial 96 Rawalpindi
Kali Rauni 95 Patiala State
Dohan 83 Hissar
Gandhu 77 Patiala State
Gadra 77 Patiala State
Gulia 71 Patiala State
Ahlawat 70 Hissar, Karnal and Rohtak
Bola 70 Hissar and Patiala State
Maghial 69 Rawalpindi
Khatri 68 Sonepat, Karnal and Rohtak
Sodhi 65 Patiala State
Baidwan 61 Karnal and Hissar
Mander 59 Patiala State
Sarwara 58 Patiala State
Phogat 57 Patiala State
Dabdal 51 Hissar
Hari 49 Patiala State
Gurne 48 Patiala State
Boria 46 Rawalpindi
Dhauker 45 Patiala State
Sheoran 43 Hissar
Lahar 43 Patiala State
Sohi 42 Patiala State
Mandi 41 Patiala State
Narwan 41 Patiala State
Narwan 41 Patiala State
Sawaich 40 Hissar
Sangi 38 Firuzpur
Rattiwal 37 Patiala State
Jawanda 34 Patiala State
Dandiwal 34 Hissar
Bator 33 Patiala State
Tarka 30 Patiala State
Rai 29 Firuzpur
Chanhan 26 Hissar
Mial 25 Rawalpindi
Kandoe 24 Patiala State
Sehwag 24 Hissar
Maindal 22 Patiala State
Mahla 22 Hissar
Bagar 21 Patiala State
Gailan 20 Hissar
Phogat 20 Patiala State
Jassar 19 Patiala State
Sarao 13 Patiala State
Dullat 13 Patiala State
Jaglan 11 Hissar
Chande 10 Patiala State
Bandhel 10 Patiala State
Lahar 10 Hissar
Dhawe 10 Patiala State
Dalal 10 Rohtak
Khandi 9 Hissar
Boparai 9 Gurdaspur
Saran 7 Rohtak
Dagur 2 Gurgaon – a few families of Muley Jats

 

List and Population of Jat clans of the Rawalpindi Division According 1901 Census of India

Below is a list of Muslim Jat clans and their population in the Rawalpindi Division of Punjab, drawn up for 1901 Census of India. Please also read my introduction for the 1911 Census on the Jat clans to give you some background. Almost all the population that professed to be Jat were Muslim, with exception of Kharian Tehsil of Gujrat District, which was home several Hindu Wariach Jats.

Rawalpindi District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 46,061, of which 43,853 (95%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aura 1,660
Badhan 246
Baghial 647
Bains 1,388
Bhagiara 270
Chatha 130
Chhina 653
Dhamial 2,203
Dhamtal 695
Gangal 325
Gill 373
Gondal 958
Hanial 155
Harial 194
Hattial 222
Heer 428
Hindan 489
Jatal 395
Jodhra 5,157
Kalial 1,791
Kanial 954
Kassar 105
Khalis 102
Khatril 1,578
Khor 389
Langrial 120
Lodhra 134
Magial 596
Magrial 486
Mangral 226
Matyal 314
Mial 599
Mundra 150
Phira 164
Phul 135
Salhal 215
Sandhu 99
Sangal 427
Sial 618
Sudhan 1,765
Tama 231
Thathaal 534
Walana 112
Wariach 347

Jhelum District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 73,364, of which 72,763 (99%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Badhan 248
Bains 962
Bhakral 585
Bhatti 2,053
Bhutta 678
Chadhar 121
Chauhan 224
Dhudhi 352
Gondal 879
Harral 460
Heer 243
Janjua 120
Jhammat 929
Kanial 1,990
Kassar 111
Langah 482
Mahil 320
Minhas 824
Ranjha 236
Sahi 445
Sial 126
Tarar 758
Thaheem 139
Wariach 388

Gujrat District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 198,075, of which 192,000 (97%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

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Tribe Total
Bains 478
Bajwa 532
Bhullar 106
Bhutta 373
Chatha 812
Cheema 2,923
Chhina 287
Dhariwal 388
Dhillon 568
Dhotar 1,513
Ghumman 739
Gill 503
Goraya 148
Harral 158
Heer 1,654
Hanjra 2,338
Jakhar 235
Kang 1,183
Langrial 3,702
Mangat 1,031
Marral 168
Pannun 242
Randhawa 298
Sahi 4,498
Sandhu 228
Sarai 661
Sidhu 2,157
Sipra 1,259
Sohal 374
Tarar 14,531
Virk 775
Wariach 37,805

Shahpur District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 63,876, of which 63,649 (99%) were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aulakh 103
Bains 613
Bhachar 166
Bhatti 3,864
Bhutta 1,298
Burana 657
Chadhar 3,303
Chhina 538
Hanjra 528
Harral 1,849
Heer 553
Hurgan 236
Jhawari 1,092
Jora 718
Lak 2,197
Lali 531
Lala 357
Langah 604
Mahil 181
Mangat 226
Marath 548
Nissowana 518
Panjootha 966
Rehan 1,567
Sahi 164
Sidhu 100
Sipra 1,382
Tarar 1,223
Thaheem 288
Tulla 1,403
Virk 318
Wariach 445

Mianwali District

The total Jat population in 1901 was 137,665, all of whom were Muslim. Below is a list of the major clans:

Tribe Total
Aheer 843
Asar 1,377
Atar Khel 181
Atra 652
Aulakh 1,887
Aura 232
Autrah 1,075
Bains 353
Bedha 472
Bhachar 1.422
Bhadwal 1,207
Bhatti 1,880
Bhullar 483
Bhumla 793
Bhutta 778
Birkan 130
Budhwana 366
Chadhar 1,226
Chandhar 235
Chhajra 367
Chhina 1,580
Dab 103
Deo 915
Des 158
Dhandla 286
Dharal 419
Dhariwal 184
Dhillon 949
Dhudhi 335
Dumra 585
Gandhi 1,288
Ghallu 818
Gill 190
Goraya 365
Gorchar 807
Hanbi 336
Hans 498
Harral 347
Heer 603
Janjua 573
Jatal 164
Jakhar 1,229
Jhammat 507
Joiya 670
Kahlon 442
Kalasra 918
Kallu 1,301
Kallu Khel 147
Khandoa 1,278
Khera 176
Kohawer 1,020
Lak 452
Langah 704
Langrial 222
Lohanch 676
Mallana 454
Naul 229
Pala Khel 169
Rawana 215
Saggu 434
Sahgra 321
Sahi 963
Samtia 1,007
Saandh 948
Sandhila 701
Saandi 410
Sarai 150
Sawag 460
Srb 1,144
Sial 2,945
Sohal 435
Soomra 930
Talokar 1,096
Thaheem 352
Turkhel 1,344
Turk 1,499
Waghora 173
Wawana 258

Hattar, Lak, Nagyana and Tatri tribes

In this post, I shall look at three clans that are found in uplands of the Chenab and Jhelum Doaba (land in between). All four clans, namely the Hattar, Lak, Nagyana and Tatri were once semi-nomadic pastoralists, that inhabited the Kirana Bar or at least the Jech Doab, the land between Jhelum and Chenab river. Kirana Bar is a portion of the Chej Doáb, it takes its name from the Kirana Hills found here. This region is now divided between the Sargodha and Jhang districts. Bar stands for an area of jungle as it was before colonisation by the British Government. This area starts from the northwest of Hissár country near the bank of river Chenab with an abrupt high ridge and this high bank of bar dies away a little distance east of the boundary of between the Chiniot and Jhang tehsils, opposite the village of Kot Mohla. The lands of the Kirana Bár to the east and south of the hills are of superb quality. After slight showers of rain, the whole country is carpeted with grass. This meant that pastoralism was the best form of lifestyles. The Lak and Nagyana had huge herds of cattle. Like the Thal tribes discussed in earlier posts, the Kirana nomads were practically independent until the coming of the Sikhs. Other then the Baloch of Sahiwal (in Sargodha), the region did not know any princely authority. Real change came with the British, who began last scale colonization, bringing in settlers from central Punjab. The Tatri were the first two be settled, followed by the Lak and Nagyana. The Nagyana difers from the other Bar Jats in that they have always been seen as sacred, with many pirs coming from the tribe.

Hattar

I shall start of by looking at the Hattar, a tribe found through out north-west Punjab. Before I start, as far as I know the Hattar have no connection with the Khattar tribe. According to their owntraditions, the tribe claims descent from a Bhatti Rajput nobleman named Rana Rajwadhan. The Rana lived in Ghazni, in what is now Afghanistan and then moved to Delhi in India. After sometime, he moved to Bhatner (now known as Hanumangarh) in what is now northern Rajasthan. In the 13th Century, the Rana and his family are said to have moved to Chanb Kalyar, in what is now the Lodhran District, in Punjab. The ruler of the area was a Raja Bhutta. The Raja wanted to marry the daughter of Rajwadhan, who refused. As a result a battle took place, and the Raja was slain. The tract was then divided between Rajwadhan, and his five sons, Kalyar, Utera, Kanju, Noon and Hattar. All these are names of fairly well known tribes of south Punjab, and have much in common with tribes referred to my first post, such as the Aheer, being largely nomadic and pastoral.

Coming now back to the Hattars, the descendents of Hattar are said to have converted to Islam and left the Multan region, and moved to northwest Punjab, where they are a now found as a Rajput tribe. Therefore, they are a clan of Bhatti Rajputs, although some Hattar groups in Sargodha refer to themselves as Jats. The Hattar are now found in the districts of Sargodha, Khushab, Jhelum, Gujrat, Chakwal, and Attock. Starting off with Attock, the Hattar are found in a single village by the name of Hattar., while in neighbouring Chakwal, their villages include Hattar, Dhudial, Fim Kasar, Jhallay, Jethal and Assami Hattar, while in Pind Dadan Khan Tehsil, their main villages are Dhok Hattar and Hattar. And finally in Gujrat District, Hattar is their main village. It is however Sargodha District and in particular in Bhalwal Tehsil, that the bulk of the Hattars are found. Important villages iin that tehsil include Chak numbers 15 and 16NB, Jalpana and Pindi Hattar, while in Shahpur Tehsil of Sargodha, their villages are Deowal, Ghurtala, Kakewala, Khurshid and Rawal. Across the Jhelum in Khushab, they are found in Pillow Waince.

Lak
The Lak claim descent from the Parmara (Panwar) Rajputs, and were originally found alongs the banks of the Chenab river, but were ousted by the Sikhs in the 18th Century from this region. Their ancestor was Lak, who like most Panwar Rajputs is said to have left Malwa in central India, arrived in Punjab, and converted to Islam. They are now found mainly in Sargodha District, with few communities in Faisalabad, Mandi Bahauddin Sahiwal and Multan Districts. Most Lak villages are located between Malakwal and Sargodha, with Burj Ghulam Rasool, Mari Lak, Sakesar and Mitha Lak being the most important. In neighbouring Mandi Bahauddin district, they are found in the villages of Bosaal Masoor, Lak, Thakkar Kalan, and Pind Makko. In neighbouring Jhelum District, they are found in the village of Pir Khara, while in Khushab District they are found in Khaliqabad.

Nagyana

Lastly, I look at the Nagyana, who are closely affiliated with the Lak, which I have looked at in an another post. Although they claim Arab descent from a Nag, hence Nag aana, the sons of Nag, this name does suggest that they may be of Hindu descent. Interestingly, in the Pothohar region, the Nagyal are also literally the children of Nag, but these Nag descendants claim to be Minhas Rajputs. The tribe is extremely localized, found in villages, such as Dharema and Masar,  near the town of Shahpur in Sargodha District. Historically they had a sacred status among their neighbours the Harrals and Laks, providing many pirs or holymen.

Tatri

The Tatri are Jats, which customs similar to the tribes already described. They claim descent from Tatri, who is said to be a Bhatti Rajput. As with the traditions of many other Jat clans in Sargodha region, by marrying into the Jat community, they too became Jat. In Bhalwal, the Tatri occupied seven villages, maintaining their independence until the arrival of the Sikh. In Bhalwal, they are still found mainly in Lariala, Nothain, Jahanewala, Dhakwan, and Tatrian. Outside Bhalwal, a few Tatri are also found in Mandi Bahauddin District such in village Sanda.

 

Kahut, Kassar and Mair Minhas tribes of the Chakwal Dhani

In this post I shall look at three tribes that are found in the Dhani region of Chakwal. The Dhani is a large plain, the centre of which now stands the city of Chakwal. These three tribes, namely, the Kassar, Kahut and Mair-Minhas are intimately connected with the history of the Dhani.
The area of Dhanni for a long time in history was an uninhabited. Although the powerful tribes like Ghakkars and Janjuas ruled the adjoining territories in Potohar, the Kahoon valley and the ancient Thirchak Mahal, Dhanni remained a hunting ground for the various local rulers. As the tradition goes, in the year 1190 C.E, Raja Bhagir Dev, a Jamwal prince, while on a hunting expedition fell in love with a Muslim woman belonging to a tribe of wandering Gujjar grazers. In order to marry her, he converted to Islam and consequently was asked by his father to stay away from Jammu and settle in this tract along with his men. Raja Bhagir Dev was named Muhammed Mair after his conversion to Islam and his descendants as Mair-Minhas Rajputs. The Mairs preferred pastoral rather than agricultural pursuits for the next few centuries; but remained confined to this area. When around 1525 C.E, the Mughal King Babur stopped by in this area on his way to Kashmir, his army was ambushed by the hostile tribes from the adjoining areas. Babar decided not to confront the Mair, but instead invited Raja Sidhar and offered him two thirds of the land of Dhanni, if he provided labour to help the Kassar tribesmen to drain the water from the great lake which then covered all the eastern part of the tehsil, up to the ridge followed by the Bhon-Dhudial road. Raja Sidhar, chief of the Mair-Minhas Rajputs and Gharka Kassar, chief of the Kassars, a Mughal sub-tribe took up the job along with their respective tribesmen. They drained the lake water by cutting through Ghori- Gala, by which the Bunha stream now flows. Subsequently, they proceeded to divide up the country. The Emperor also awarded them the title of Chaudhry, and administration of the newly formed Taluka, which ever since has been called Dhan Chaurasia or Maluki Dhanâ Chaudhry. Sidhar, settled villages named after his sons Chaku, Murid and Karhan and as Chaku Khan became the chief, he decided to settle in Chakwal, the village named after him and make it the administrative centre of the Taluka. Whereas, Kassar chiefs founded the villages of Bal-Kassar and Dhudial. Latter, the Kahuts, a tribe of Qureshi Arabs also arrived, completing the picture.

Before I giver a more detailed description of the three tribes, just a note about the Dhani country or Chakwal Tehsil as it known as now, other then the three tribes referred to, it also home to several Jat clans such as the Bhutta, Gondal, Hurgan, Jethal, Lilla and Phaphra, who now make up a third of the population of the Dhani. Therefore the Dhani is no longer the exclusive patrimony of these three tribes.

Kahut

I will start off by looking at Kahut sometimes pronounced as Koot (especially in Sargodha), Kut or Kahout. Like most Punjabi tribes, there are several traditions as to their origin.

Most Kahut now claim to be Qureshi Arabs, whose ancestors settled in the Dhani after the arrival of the Mair. It is believed that when the ancestors of the Kahut first arrived in this area they had to fight with the locals to find a place to settle. This war is said to have taken place at the location of the village of Janga in Chakwal District, which is derived from ‘Jang Gah’, meaning place of war. About the year A.D.1359 their ancestor Said Nawab Ali, nicknamed Kahut, migrated to Delhi, and on the way defeated a pagan king of Sialkot, named Sain Pal. On reaching Delhi they paid their respect to the Delhi Sultan who ordered them to hold the Dhanni and the Salt Range on his behalf. They accordingly retraced their steps and settled at the foot of the Salt Range. Once settled, they began to tax the Janjua and the Gujar graziers and remitting it to Delhi. Their first settlement in the Dhani was at a site near village Waryamal. The eastern part of Dhanni was then a lake, which on coming of Mughal Emperor Babur was drained at his command; the Kahuts taking part in the work and colonising the land. Chaudhry Sahnsar, 8th in descent from Kahut was their ancestor at the time of the drainage of the lake. During the Mughal period (around 15th Century), the Kahut rose to prominence until there power was destroyed by the Sikhs in 18th Century. The southern part of Chakwal tehsil where Kahuts predominate is still known as the Kahutani, a reflexion of their past dominance. Sometime during the Sikh period, groups of Kahut immigrated to Sargodha and Mandi Bahauddin. In the local Shahpuri dialect of Saegodha, they are referred to as Koot, and like most other tribes of the area, they consider themselves and are also considered by all other people as Jats and have intermarried with all the tribes of the area.

However, according to the 19th Century British ethnographer Sir Denzil Ibbetson, the Kahuts are probably of Rajput origin and have come from Jammu hills to Chakwal area. The only evidence of such a migration is are the “Kahuta” hills of the Rawalpindi district are supposed to have derived their name from the tribe, but no record of remains of them in that tract. Other then reference to the Kahuta hills, there seems little connection with Jammu. The Mair, who are their neighbours, have maintained a strong tradition of Jammu migration, so if the Kahut were of Jammu origin, they have at least some tradition.

The most important Kahut family is settled in the village of Kariala in Chakwal. Other Kahut villages include Bhalla, Bhawan, Bhuchal Kalan, Chakora, Dhok Tallian, Dullah, Hasola, Langah, Domali, Musa Kahoot, Kahut, Kassowal, Nikka Kahut, Tatral, Thirpal, Thoha Bahader, Janga, Sadwal, Waryamal and Warwal

In Mandi Bahauddin District, they are found in villages in Union Council Ahla Haryah, and Bhikhi. While in Sargodha, their villages include Pindi Kootan near Bhera, and Kahut in the Sahiwal Tehsil

There is also cluster of Kahut villages in Union Council Khaur of Attock district

Kassar

The next Dhani tribe I will look are the Kassar,which holds lands in the northern part of Dhani, called ‘Babial and Chaupeda’, with the Kahut and Mair located to the east.

According to some tribal traditions, the Kassar came originally from Jammu along with the Mair-Minhas tribe and had been settled in the Dhani during the rule of the Mughal Emperor, Zaheerudin Babur. According to this tradition, their ancestor came from Kashgar and settled in Khalana (near Muzafarabad); they then migrated to Poonch, and eventually accompanied to the Mair when they arrived in the Dhanni country.
However, like most Punjab tribes the above is not their only origin myth, with several other linking them directly to the Mughal dunasty. One such tradition traces their lineage to the Mughal Emperor Babur, with ancestor Kassar (who was said to be a Barlas Mughal) as a distant cousin of Babur. In this origin myth, the Kassar are said to have come with Babur’s army as his fellow tribesmen and were settled in Dhani along with the Mairs and Kahuts by the Emperor himself. According to the 1931 census of India, their male population was approximately 4000. The customs of the Kassar are very similar to the Mair and Kahut, with whom the tribe intermarries. Unlike other Mughals, but like neighbouring Jars such as the Gondal, they use the title Chaudhary. Most Kassar are Sunni, with a Shia minority.

Apart from Chakwal, they are also settled in Attock, Sargodha, Mandi Bahauddin, Gujrat, Khushab, Jhelum, and Rawalpindi districts.

Important Kassar villages in Chakwal include Fim Kassar, Farid Kassar, Balkassar, Balokassar, Sarkal Kassar, Bhagwal, Karsal, Saral, Miswall, Doray, Chauli, Mangwal, Dingi, Munwall, Bikhari Kalan, Kuthiala Sheikhan Bikhari Khurd, Pind Haraj, Dhok Peeli, Dhudial, Tattral, Latifal, Dhalal, Hastal, Maari, Thoha Bahadur, and Lakhwal.

Further south in Sargodha District, there are several Kassar villages in Kot Momin Union Council such as Chak 10sb, 20sb, 9sb, 67sb, 65sb and 66sb. These Kassar originate in the Dhani and moved to Kot Momin in the 19th Century, where the British built canals to improve agriculture and settled Kassar from Chakwal.

Outside these two clusters, important Kassar villages include Kasra in Attock District and Turkwal is situated in Gujar Khan Tehsil of Rawalpindi.

Clans

Important Kassar clans include the Balkassar, Bhagwal, Chawli, Dullah, Haraj, Karsal, Mangwal, Mehrou

Mair-Minhas of Chakwal

Looking now at the Mair Minhas, the tribe takes its name from Raja Mair, a Jamwal Rajput ruler of Jammu. According to tribal legends, Raja Mair (whose name before his conversion was Raja Bhagir Dev) was son of the Raja of Jammu and had come to the Dhanni area (present day Chakwal) for hunting. He fell in love with a local Muslim Gujjar woman, converted to Islam and married her.
The city of Chakwal is named after their Mair chief, Chaku Khan whose father, Raja Sidhar ruled the area at the time of Mughal ruler Babar]s invasion of India. The Mughal emperor Zaheerudin Babur conferred upon Raja Sidhar, the title of chaudhry and made him the taluqdar (area administrator) over eighty four villages of the Dhani country. The Mair-Minhas tribe rose to further prominence during the short rule of Sher Shah Suri who handed them the control over the adjoining territories, as far as Swan River in Potohar and Kahoon in the South.
However, after the Mughal King [[Humayun]] returned to India with the help of the Persians, he handed over the entire Potohar including Dhani to the Gakhar, who had helped him escape from India during Sher Shah’s revolt.
The Mair-Minhas tribe again rose to power after collapse of Mughal authority as a result of the death of Aurangzeb. They had supported his son Moazzam in his quest for power and in return he re-appointed their chief Gadabeg Khan as the Taluqdar and chaudhry of the ‘Dhan Chaurasi’. Their rule over Dhani continued during the Sikh era as one of their chiefs Chaudhry Ghulam Mehdi had invited Sirdar Maha Singh to this side of river Jhellum. Also, their Dogra cousins Raja Gulab Singh and Dhian Singh were very powerful in the Lahore Durbar, so the influence of Chakwal Chaudhrials during the Sikh era was considerable and they were considered one of the biggest Muslim land holders of the era.
In the Second Anglo-Sikh War at Chaillianwala in 1849, the Chakwal Chaudhrials were among the very few Muslim feudal families who supported the Sikhs. Consequently, after the defeat of the Sikhs all Jagirs and titles of the ‘Chakwal Chaudhrials’ were confiscated. Due to their general good conduct in the mutiny of 1857, some of their rights were restored and small Jagirs were granted to their chiefs in Chakwal. Chief of the tribe Jehan Khan and later his son Aurangzeb Khan were conferred an ‘inam’ of Rs.312/- per annum and the title of “Raja Sahib” as a mark of hereditary distinction. The Chaudhrials of Kot Chaudhrian were able to get more concessions with the aid of Maharaja Gulab Singh and almost half of their original lands were regained.

According to the census of 1931, their male population was 7800. The ‘Chaudhrials’ or the Talukdars reside in the following villages: Kot Sarfraz Khan, Kot Choudrai|, Behkri, Dhudial, Badsahan, Bhoun, Mohra Kudlathi, Murid, Punjain Shariff, Sarkal-Mair, Udhwal, Oudherwal, Dhaab Kalaan Mohra Sheikhan, Mohra Korechisham, Kotha Abdal, Chatal, Sutwal, Karhan, Chak Malook, Chak Norang and Bhagwal.

Langrial, Lodhra and Manais tribes

In this post, I shall look at the tribes that are found mainly in the Neeli Bar, that is the area between the Ravi and Sultlej. The region now covers what is Pakpattan, Vehari and Lodhran districts. Among the three, the Langrial have spread fair widely, and are found as far north as Rawalpindi. While the Manais and Lodhra are fairly localized, and interestingly both are of Minhas Rajput ancestry.

Langrial

The next tribe I will look at are the Langrial, a tribe of both Jat and Rajput status. What can be said with some certainty that origin of the Langrial can be said to create confusion. More then any of the tribes looked at the Langrial have several and often conflicting theories about their origin. Unlike the Bar tribes like the Naul and Nonari, the Langrial are fairly widespread, stretching from Vehari is south Punjab to Attock. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Langrial have a number of different traditions as to their origin, depending on the region it inhabits.

Let’s start off with the Multan Langrial, who claim descent from a Brahmin of Bikaner, by name of Charan, who was converted by to Islam by a Sultan Soomra, and adopted the name Abdullah. His descendent Ghias-ud-Din settled in the Pothohar region, from where, one of the Langrials, named Shah Jam Meer son of Sultan Ghias-ud-Din became king of Kashmir, and his descendents still reside there. However, there is no record in history of Langrial rule over Kashmir, there are however settlement of Langrial in Bhimber district situated on the foothills of the Pir Panjal Mountains, so it perfectly possible the tribe began in this region. Groups of Langrial are then said to have moved to Jhang and took some country from the Sial, who eventually expelled the Langrial, forcing them to settle in Multan.

According to another tradition, also prevalent in Multan, they are Quraishi Arab, who held sway over Thatta in Sindh under one Ghiasudin, who from the lavishness of his public kitchen (langar in Sindhi and Seraiki) acquired the nickname Langrial. Ghiasudin was said to be a contemporary of Mohammed of Ghor, the 12th Century Muslim conqueror of North India. Ghiasudin accompanied the Sultan to Delhi with him. The Langrial are then said to have travelled to Kashmir, then to Shahpur in Punjab, and eventually Goryala, near Jhang . From there they went to Kamalia, but were forced to migrate to Kamannd, and ousted the Hans tribe ( I hope to look at this tribe in a latter post) who held this country. Interestingly, before traditions refer to a Ghiasudin, and also reference to the originally settlement being Rawalpindi.

While in Sialkot, the Langrial claim descent through Rai Daram, a Dogra from the Chibhal country. Jasu, 15th in descent from the Rai Daram converted to Islam , and left the Chibhal region and settled in Sialkot in the time of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. His descendants than contracted marriages with neighbouring Jat tribes, and as such became Jats. A final tradition gives the Langrial Mughal ancestry, who acquired the name Langrial from their ancestor the Barlas warlord Tamerlane, who is known in Farsi as Taimur-e- Lang. When a descendant of Tamerlane, Babar conquered India, a good many Barlas (see my note of the Phaphras) settled in India. After the collapse of Mughal authority in Punjab, and the rise of the Sikhs in the 18th, some Barlas families tried to conceal their identity by calling themselves themselves as Lang-Ayal (meaning “the family of Ameer Taimur Lang”) , the word Lang-Ayal later evolved into Langrial with the passage of time. However, this last traditions seems to be least convincing, as we find little evidence of the prosecution of the Mughals in the 18th Century. A final tradition, restricted to the Langrial of Attock District makes them a clan of the Jodhra tribe.

To conclude, as I have already mentioned in earlier posts, the word aal is common patronymic in the Pothohar region, therefore it is like that Langrial are of Chibhali origin, having left their home in Rawalpindi sometime in the 15th Century, eventually settling along the Sutlej in what is now Vehari, Khanewal and Multan districts. Interestingly, there are still a good many Langrial villages in North-West Punjab. For example, in Rawalpindi District, the Langrial consider themselves Rajputs. They occupy several villages near the town in Kallar Syedan Tehsil) including Daryal, Phalina, Choa Saidan, Mohra Bani Wala and Mohra Hiran, and near the town of Mandrah (Gujarkhan Tehsil), such as Makh, Bagh Faqiran, and Darkali Kalan. In Attock District, the village of Langrial, and hamlets nearby are held by the Langrial. Further east in Gujrat and Sialkot districts, the Langrial are a Jat clan, and many are found in village Langrial, and other villages nearby such as Kakrali. That village was site of an important zail during the period of British rule. In total there are 13 Langrial villages in Gujrat District. While in Khushab District they are found in Kaluwala.

 

In neighbouring Bhimber district of Azad Kashmir, they are found mainly in the village of Pindi Jhunjah and consider themselves to be Jat.

In south Punjab, they are found in Vehari, Khanewal, Multan and Muzaffargarh districts. In Muzaffargarh, they are find in two villages Mauza Langrial and Mauza Langarwah and its vicinity there are also Langrials. In Mianwali District, they are found in Pacca Sandanwala.

Langrial Population According to the 1901 Census of India

District Population
Gujrat 4,063
Multan 3,174
Sialkot 595
Other Districts 761
Total Population 8,593

Lodhra

The next two tribes I will look at both have traditions of Minhas Rajput descent. Starting with the Lodhra, the tribe claims descent from Lodhra, a son of Sukhram Dev, a Manhas, Rajpoot whose home was the Jammu region. Lodhra is said to have come to what is now Lodhran District in the 17th Century, and founded the town of Lodhran. The tribe converted to Islam in the reign of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb. They were effective rulers of what is now Lodhran District until the rise of the Sikhs in the early 19th Century. They are a very localized tribe, almost all of whom are found in Lodhra District in villages such as Jageer Hoora.

Manais

The Manais, sometimes written as Manes, are a tribe of Jat status, found mainly now in Vehari District. Most Manais are Muslims, although a few are Sikhs. Like most Punjabi tribes, there are several traditions as to the origin of the tribe. According to one such tradition, their ancestor Manais was a descendant of Raja Salavahan of Sialkot, who appears in the ancestry of several Punjabi tribes. Salvahan was said to be a Bhatti, which make the Manais a branch of the Bhatti. However, other traditions make Manais out to be a Minhas Rajput, who left Sialkot, and arrived in the Neeli Bar. Here Manais was converted to Islam by Baba Farid of Pakpattan. Interestingly, unlike other Neeli Bar tribes, sections of Manais remained Hindu, and eventually becoming Sikh. The Minhas tradition is much stronger, and the Lodhra already referred to in this post, also have traditions that connect them with the Manais. The Manais tribe is further divided into four branches or pattis of Manes: Maujo, Malko, Kalso and Kirto, who take their name from sons of Manais

 

Manais territory extends from the Deg River in the vicinity of the city of Sheikhupura, to along the banks of the Sultlej in Vehari District. Their most important settlement is Tibba Sultanpur in Vehari District. Other villages include Dehmunwala, Chaind, Bucheki,Baddhe, Alpae, and Jodhke.