Mali population of Punjab according to the 1901 Census of India

This is my fifth post that gives the distribution of caste gazetted as agricultural under the 1901 Census of Punjab, namely the Mali. The Mali are a caste of gardeners and vegetable-growers, with the word mali being derived from the Sanskrit mala, meaning garland. In my earlier posts, I have looked at castes who were largely Muslim, but the Mali were largely Hindu, and found mainly in the south east of Punjab, the present day of Haryana. In terms of geographical distribution, the Maliar whose occupation specialization was the same as the Mali, but were Muslim, were found in the North west of colonial Punjab, namely the Pothohar region. It is likely in the Muslim dominated north west, most Mali had converted to Islam, and formed the Maliar caste. While in the South East, namely Haryana, where the Hindu faith dominated, most Mali had remained Hindu. I would also ask the reader to look at my post on the Saini, who were a community of Hindu and Sikh agriculturalist, who were said to be of Mali origin.

District

Hindu

Sikh

Muslim

Total

 Karnal

25,328

504

39
 25,871

 Ambala

24,095

66

15

24,176

 Hissar

13,068

 

13,068

 Delhi

 12,886

 

 51

 12,937

 Gurgaon

 10,884

 

 

10,884

 Rohtak

9,137

 

  9,137

 Patiala State

8,248

41

 

8,289

 

 Jind State

 4,423

65

10

4,498

 Kalsia State

 1,311

 

 

1,311

Pataudi State

 

705     705
Nahan State

 

548  86 634
Nabha State

 

449 449
Firuzpur

 

 201  19  220
Lahore

 

 70  32  102

Other Districts

470 

 3

 168

 641

Total

111,823

 

799

 

294

 

112,916

 

 
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