1891 Census of Uttar Pradesh

In this blog, I give a breakdown of the 1891 Census of North-Western Provinces and Oudh, now the state of Uttar Pradesh.

Religion-wise

 

Religion

 

Population Percentage
Hindu 40,380,168 86%
Muslim 6,346,667 13.5%
Jain 84,602 0.2%
Christians 57,470 0.1%
Arya 22,053 0.05%
Sikh 11,343
Buddhist 1,387
Parsi 342
Jews 60
Other 39
Total Population 46,962,572 100%

 

 

Caste-wise:

Hinduism (including Aryas, Jains and Sikhs)

 

Category: Military and Dominant Caste or Tribe Population Percentage
Babhan (now called Bhumihar) 221,031
Jat 713,912
Rajput 3,251,418
Taga 99,409
Total: Military and Dominant 4,285,770 10.6%
Category: Priests
Brahmin 4,725,061
Joshi

 

35,069
Mahabrahmin 19,829
Total: Priests 4,779,959

 

12%
Genealogists

 

Bhat

 

161,144
Total: Genealogists

 

161,144 0.4%
Traders

 

Bania 1,369,052
Bhatia 265
Bohra or Palliwal 1,131
Dhusar Bhargava 12,279
Kalwar 348,790
Khatri 46,250
Total: Traders 1,777,767 4.4%
Pedlars
Ramaiya 4,095
Total: Pedlars 4,095
Writers
Kayastha 514,327
Cultivators
Barai 153,421
Bhar 417,745
Bhurtiya 423
Dangi 2,363
Golapurab 9,723
Kachhi 703,368
Kamboh 6,222
Khagi 43,435
Kirar 18,363
Kisan 364,455
Koeri 540,245
Kurmi 2,005,802
Lodha 1,029,225
Mali 245,945
Murao 664,916
Rawa 25,451
Ror 4,459
Saini 99,245
Total: Cultivators 6,334,806 16%
Cattle breeders, sheep breeders and graziers  
Ahar

 

244,167
Ahir

 

3,917,100
Gaderia

 

299,423
Gujar

 

280,113
Rebari

 

896
Total 5,371,699 13%
Forest and Hill Tribes

 

Agariya 938
Ahiwasi 9,502
Baiswar 1,898
Bhil 190
Bhoksa 1,208
Bhuiya 849
Bind 76,986
Chero 4,883
Dhangar 783
Goli 21
Gond 8,861
Kharwar 176
Kol 68,566
Korwa 33
Kotwar 97
Mahra 699
Majhwar 16,263
Manjhi 6,122
Musahar 40,622
Soiri 17,822
Tharu 25,492
Total: Forest and Hill Tribes

 

282,011 0.7%
Hindu Artisan Castes

 

Banjara 39,875
Bansphor 17,227
Bargah 218
Bargi 1,076
Bari 69,708
Barhai 498,995
Barwar 5,082
Bsor 25,447

 

Beldar 37,299
Belwar 6,194
Bharbhuja 21,996
Biyar 18,821
Chain 28,610
Chhipi 23,249
Dastgar 46
Dharkar 29,639
Dhobi 579,784
Dom 270,560

 

Dorha 68
Dusadh 82,913
Ghasyara 198
Gorchha 963
Halwai 64,702
Kadhera 51,743
Kahar 1,184,455
Kasera 7,273
Kewat 315,882
Kharadi 806
Kharot 5,641
Khatik 189,630
Kori 919,549
Kumhar 702,805
Kuta 4,029
Lakhera 3,678
Lohar 525,910
Lonia 412,817
Lorha 2,662
Mallaah 365,739
Nai 668,087
Naik 2,563
Niariya 258

 

Panika 6,502
Patwa 30,812
Potgar 12
Raj 3,165
Rangdhar 185
Sadh 1,870
Saun 257
Saqailgar 704
Sejwari 386
Sonar 255,008
Sonkar 1,396
Tamboli 73,641
Tarkihar 2,747
Teli 790,047
Thathera 20,823
Village Watchmen

 

Balahar 2,359
Boriya 26,909
Dhanuk 146,190
Dharhi 12,972
Khangar 32,929
Parahiya 495
Pasi 1,219,311
Dancers and Singers

 

Barwa 1,631
Beriya 15,313
Bhagat 485
Gandharv 664
Hurkiya 801
Kathak 2,034
Paturiya 4,714
Radha 4,354
Tawaif 22,969
Total
Leather Workers
Chamar 5,816,487

 

Dabgar 1,353
Dhalgar 8,019
Mochi 11,038
Total
Scavengers
Bhangi 414,946
Domar 16,067
Total
Nomads and Vagrants

 

Aheria 19,768
Badhik 126
Baheliya 33,755
Bandi 110
Bangali 1,353
Barwar 2,703
Bawariya 2,729
Bhantu 372
Dalera 2,223
Gandhila 134
Gidiya 17
Habura 2,596
Harjala 275
Hijra 1,125
Kanjar 17,873
Nat 63,584
Sansiya 4,290
Total
Castes Foreign to the Province

 

Bhotiya 7,467
Maratha 732
Pindari 37
Sadgop 177
Sood 147
Total Hinduism 40,380,168

 

Muslims

Category Caste or Tribe Population Percentage
Priests      
  Faqir 623,506  
  Sayyid 242,811  
Priests: Total      
Writers      
  Kayastha 1,313  
Traders      
  Bisati 959  
Cultivators, Herdsmen/Graziers and Landholders      
  Baloch 13,672  
  Dogar 340  
  Gaddi 51,970  
  Gara 51,088  
  Ghosi 27,760  
  Gujar 64,424  
  Jat 14,190  
  Jhojha 26,847  
  Kamboh 2,322  
  Meo 70,974  
  Mughal 76,673  
  Nau-Muslim 87,171  
  Pankhiya 913  
  Pathan 700,393  
  Rajput 375,893  
  Rayeen 15,243  
  Shaikh 1,333,566  
  Taga 28,113  
  Turk 4,994

 

 
Total      
Artisan Castes  

 

     
  Baidguar 424  
  Banjara 26,953  
  Bansphor 112  
  Barhai 59,889  
  Bharbhunja 9.009  
  Bhatiara 30,658  
  Bhishti 80,147  
  Chhipi 11,871  
  Chik 9,430  
  Darzi 8,640  
  Dhobi 78,946  
  Dhuna (also known as Behna) 401,987  
  Dom 28,363  
  Gandhi 838  
  Halwai 31,544  
  Iraqi 11,677  
  Julaha 780,231  
  Kahar 6,923  
  Kasgar 1,670  
  Kharadi 398  
  Khateek 290  
  Khumra 5,198  
  Kumhar 10,189  
  Lohar 66,204  
  Mallaah 3,629  
  Muker 6,245  
  Nai 193,937  
  Nanbai 2,177  
  Nalband 429

 

 
  Patwa 165  
  Qalaigar 89  
  Qassab 148,516  
  Raj 3,468  
  Rangrez 35,135  
  Saiqalgar 3,446  
  Sonar 320  
  Tamboli 270  
  Teli 143,984  
  Thathera 522  
Total      
Musicians      
  Dafali 42,075  
  Dharhi 1,322  
  Mirasi 28,362  
  Panwariya 512  
Total      
Leather Workers      
  Chamar 295  
  Dabgar 129  
  Mochi 3,672  
Total      
Scavengers      
  Bhangi 17,335  
Total   17,335  
Castes Foreign to the Province

 

     
  Habshi 194  
Total      
Total Muslims   6,346,667 100%

 

 

 

Christians

Community

 

Population Percentage
Armenians 54  
Europeans 27,941  
Eurasians 7,040  
Indian Christians 22,489  
Total Christians 57,470 100%

 

 

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